I pray I gave credit to all of the commentaries and people I got help from!  Much of it came from the writings of Matthew Henry and J. Vernon McGee.

And I pray you will get whatever God wants for you out of this.

I began teaching on John in June 2012?   Today is January 23rd, 2015!  So if you do this study from beginning to end, you are, in my view point, beyond amazing!

f you just go look at parts of it as a reference, that is great. Let it be whatever you need it John is the book I believe everyone should start off studying in the Bible. It has it all!

May God use this as a tool for His Glory!

Study of the Book of John

July 2012

 

In all my written Bible studies, I have never done a Gospel?  It is a wonder to me!  When I think of the multitude of Bible studies out there, I think of books like Galatians, Daniel, Revelation and such.  I am not sure I have even done a Bible study on a Gospel. The Gospel’s are preached on quite often.  Most often I would say.  But in dept, full Bible study?  I am sure they are out there.

 

So in my line of thinking, I thought to myself, “Self, why in the world would you study other books of the Bible more in dept than you would the ones with Jesus Himself teaching?”  I am so excited now!

 

I believe the Bible in full is the word of God.  I believe we should study all of it.  But I am very excited to learn this time from the words that flowed from Jesus!

 

It will take a long time.  But it will be like a new lesson every day!

 

So what is the Gospel of John all about.  It was the last Gospel written. It is the most Spiritual of the Gospels. The Gospel of John is for those who already believe, I think. Especially chapters 13-17.  So why would He write a Gospel for people who already believe?  So they could go teach it! So they could be encouraged, better witnesses, and they could be living a truthful, Godly life.

 

The Gospels are all different in the way they are written, but the first three are called the Synoptic Gospels.  They are all written from the same point of view with a similar pattern. The fourth Gospel is different.

 

  1. Matthew and Mark emphasize the miracles of Jesus, and Luke gives attention to the parables, John does neither.
  2. The miracles in John are given as signs and were chosen with a great deal of discrimination in order to interpret certain great truths. (for example, the discourse on the Bread of Life follows the feeding of the five thousand).
  3. There are no parables in John. There are some discourses, like the story of the Good Shepherd.

 

John also gives a chronological order, using the next day and expressions like it.  He gives attention to places.   But the main thing John does is emphasize the deity of Christ!  The human side is not lost on John.  He tells things in a way to let us know that Christ was a man and He got tired and wept and such.

 

Note, also, the name Jesus is rarely used.  Christ is the emphasis.

 

Chapter 1

  • 1-2. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning.
    • In the beginning. This is one of the hardest things for humans to grasp.  The Word was here before the beginning. I tried telling my Team Kids class this one night and it blew their mind!
    • So the very first statement from the book of John is mind blowing! Out there!  Hard to grasp!
    • Then he goes on to say the Word was with God!
      • What does this statement do?
        • It makes it very clear that He is separate and distinct from God the Father.
      • So if John had left it there, someone would of said, if He is with God, He cannot be God… John added “and the Word was God.”!
        • The Lord Jesus Christ is God!
        • If you believe any of the Bible you must believe this. He is God, but He is not God the Father.
      • I want to jump to verse 14! But we won’t.  That is not how John wrote it.  So lets try to follow his intent.
  • 3: Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made.
    • Jesus was not an afterthought.
    • He did not come late on the scene and had to figure out history.
    • Christ is the Creator!
    • He created Bethlehem… the place of His birth!
    • Nothing came into existence without Him! Not you, not me, not the building we are in, not the puppy at my house, not the Wii game by my TV. Nothing means nothing!  Without Christ = nothing!
  • 4: In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind.
    • This verse melts me!
    • Light and life.
      • Zoe is life … we get zoology from that, study of life
      • Phos is light…we get photo from that.
      • And men today, with all our knowledge, know so little about these.
      • In the beginning there was not light in this world. It was dark.  Darkness is the absence of light. Darkness is the absence of Christ!
      • Life came from Christ! And yet most people in the world do not even recognize Him!
  • 5: The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.
    • No matter how dark it may seem in this world, the dark does not overcome the light, the light overcomes the dark.
      • Darrell my dear hubby) and I were talking and he said, the darker it is, the less light it takes to overcome it. I thought of salvation.  When we are at our darkest, we recognize it is dark and we need light, one simple light overcomes that darkness, the recognition of the need for Christ.
      • We can a lot of hope in this simple truth. The dark world will never overcome Christ!
  • 6-8 There was a man sent from God whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness to testify concerning that light, so that through him all might believe. 8 He himself was not the light; he came only as a witness to the light.
    • Sent from God. God sends people to teach us, to tell us, to explain, to witness of Him!
    • Through him all might believe! What a statement!  We will talk more about John in a bit, but see how God can use one man!
    • But we are set perfectly straight, no matter how important someone may seem, they are not Christ! No where near!  Just a man, or just a woman, used by God.
  • 9: The true light that gives light to everyone was coming into the world.
    • True light!
    • Jesus gives light to everyone!!! Don’t ever think that just because we cannot see how it happens, it is not so.  Somehow, people who never hear about Jesus still are shown the light of Jesus!
  • 10: He was in the world, and though the world was made through him, the world did not recognize him.
    • The great Maker, Ruler, and Redeemer of the world was in it, and few or none of the inhabitants of the world were aware of it. How amazing!
    • They expected something different so they could not see the truth standing right in front of them.
      • The world is the same today. We are the lights shining, but most of the world is not seeing!
      • Also, we need to realize sometimes that we expect things a certain way to happen, or to look a certain way, or to be a certain way. Then when that very thing is happening we cannot see it for what it is.
        • Examples of this could be things like:
          • We want to serve God! We are so excited.  We think we have a talent and want to use it. We will pick on singing.  Everyone wants to sing beautifully for the Lord and His people.  It seems to be like in the time when the book of Acts was written everyone wanted to speak in tongues!  But these days singing or preaching seem to be the “big ways” to serve God.
            • We should check and double check that pride is not working on whatever we feel we should be doing to serve God.
            • We should check and double check that it is truly what God is calling us to do.
            • We should pray for God to show us the truth!
            • We should be willing to serve in any humble way we can.
  • 11-13 He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. 12 Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God— 13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
    • These verses are great verses for witnessing salvation. I am telling you this so you can know that, use it, mark it!
    • It is very clear, ALL who believe in who Jesus is will become children of God. .
    • So here is the kind of believing we are talking about story from J. Vernon McGee)
      • If I am standing next to a chair and I believe it will hold me up if I sit in it, that is head knowledge. It is not faith.
      • If I sit in that chair, that is faith.
      • Salvation by believing is letting Christ hold us up and putting all we have into His care.
  • 14 The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.
    • The word of born flesh is the Greek translation.
    • He came out of eternity to be a baby in Bethlehem!
    • He made His tent here, His body. Our bodies are like tents.  Temporary and the place our soul lives, 2  5:1
    • We have seen His Glory!   They saw Him in the body and Spirit.  But we, seeing the Spirit of Him, still can behold His Glory!
    • So some say when Jesus walked on earth He somehow made Himself less, limited Himself, maybe did not have as much power or as much “God” in Him as when He is in heaven. But here it says He came full of grace and truth.  Not limited amounts.  He could not have any more grace or any more truth!
    • So a week later from when I originally wrote the above about about verse 14, I am reviewing my notes. And it hits me. I cry! And I don’t even know if I can put it into words for you, but I will try.
      • Jesus was God’s way of showing us Him. God is glorious and He wants us to be able to see this fact. Now it kind of sounds like I am saying God is prideful and just saying look at me look at me!…. And, I guess, in a way He is. But why?  Because He knows His glory is what we need to see.  He created us. He loves us enough to reveal Himself to us.  He knows He is the best thing in the world for us!
      • And it is so proof that God is not trying to be aloof and hid from us. He wants us to know Him!  How cool is that?  He wants a relationship with us.  He is not being that God in the song that says “from a distance God is watching us.” … I always hated that song.  God is not watching from a distance. He came to earth, He showed Himself in Jesus, He made sure the recorded writings continue forever, and then if that was not enough He gave us the Holy Spirit so that He could live in us!
        • If we do not know God, if we cannot see God, it is not God’s fault.
  • 15 John testified concerning him. He cried out, saying, “This is the one I spoke about when I said, ‘He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.’”)
    • John cried out! He did not whisper it.  He did not tell a person or two. He did not say it only when others wanted to hear it.  He cried out! That is how we should be!  Crying out to tell people about Jesus!
    • Another statement to show us that Christ was before all. John was born before Jesus. Yet John clearly knows that Jesus existed before he did!
  • 16-17 Out of his fullness we have all received grace in place of grace already given. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
    • King James says “ And of his fulness have all we received, and grace for grace. “
      • There are several interpretations of this verse.
        • 1 ) The blessing received. It is grace; the good will of God towards us, and the good work of God in us. God’s good will works the good work, and then the good work qualifies us for further tokens of his good will. As the cistern receives water from the fulness of the fountain, the branches sap from the fulness of the root, and the air light from the fulness of the sun, so we receive grace from the fulness of Christ.
        • 2 It is grace for grace’ sake; so We receive grace, not for our sakes
        • 3 Grace for grace is abundance of grace, grace upon grace,one grace heaped upon another
        • 4 Grace for grace is grace for the promoting and advancing of grace. Grace to be exercised by ourselves; gracious habits for gracious acts. Grace to be ministered to others; gracious vouchsafements to warrant as safe) for gracious performances: grace is a talent to be traded with.   Rom_1:5; Eph_3:8, 1 Peter 4:10)
        • 5 The substitution of New Testament grace in the room and stead of Old Testament grace: And this sense is confirmed by what follows John_1:17); for the Old Testament had grace in type, the New Testament has grace in truth. There was a grace under the Old Testament, the gospel was preached then Gal_3:8); but that grace is superseded, and we have gospel grace instead of it, a glory which excelleth, 2Co_3:10. Discoveries of grace are now more clear, distributions of grace far more plentiful; this is grace instead of grace.  NIV Statement)
        • Grace for grace is grace in us answering to grace in him, as the impression upon the wax answers the seal line for line. The grace we receive from Christ changes us into the same image 2Co_3:18), the image of the Son Rom_8:29), the image of the heavenly, 1Co_15:49.
      • No matter which of these you think is the correct one, Christ is summed up by the word Grace. Nothing we deserved! But was freely given anyway!
      • Again in reviewing, God got a hold of me! Grace for grace! Really no matter which way you believe, it is awesome.  God does not do things little!  I am so in love with Him today!  He is making me feel His love!  I want to stay here! Safe, loved, joyful, peaceful.  And the thing is, it is possible to stay here, even when I quit typing and get up to get ready to face the day.  God has given me enough grace for any circumstance, anything I am about to do. Thank you for love me like You do!
  • 18 No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.
    • In John 4:24 we see that God is a Spirit.
      • Jacob wrestled with God, a manifestation of God.
      • Moses saw a part of God that God allowed him to see. A manifestation that He allowed Moses to see.
    • “has made him known.” = comes from the word exegesato…. which means to lead out … Jesus brought God out into the open for us!
  • 19-20 Now this was John’s testimony when the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem sent priests and Levites to ask him who he was. 20 He did not fail to confess, but confessed freely, “I am not the Messiah.”
    • He we see the priest and Levites were looking for the Messiah. So they run to John and ask him, are you Him?
      • Isn’t it interesting that the Messiah came right at that time and they could not see Him for who He was?
        • We need to be sure we see Him for Who He Is. If we don’t, see Him for Who He Is, we miss God. We miss salvation. We miss heaven. We miss the love of God. We miss the joy He has for us. We miss the love He will give us for others. We miss everything!  Make sure you see Jesus for Who He Is!
      • John of course took no credit for anything. He was just proclaiming the one to come!
  • 21 They asked him, “Then who are you? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the Prophet?” He answered, “No.”
    • Matthew 11:14 And if you are willing to accept it, he is the Elijah who was to come.
      • John said no he was not Elijah, but Jesus said he was. Why is that do you suppose?
        • While pondering this, I looked over at my dear hubby in the chair next to me and it became a bit clearer for me. God showed me the answer, I believe.
          • My husband if you ask him who he is, will tell you he is just Darrell. A man, a husband, a father, a worker….. But even I know he is more than just that.
          • But I believe God sees him as His child, His beloved, His plan, His creation, His whatever God wants him to be. If God wanted Darrell to be Elijah then he would be.
          • But I believe also, that Darrell, like John, cannot fully see who he is for God.
            • We who are watching him can maybe see it clearer. He is a man of God, given some great talents to play music and sing beautifully and issued by God to reflect God’s glory!
            • But Darrell sees his human side, his selfishness, his sin, his faults, and he sees men like Elijah as someone who was used by God in a mighty way. But God is using Darrell too. He is using me. He is using you!
            • In truth, we are what God sees us to be. He created us. We are not what we see of ourselves. We see partly, God sees fully!
    • 22-28: Finally they said, “Who are you? Give us an answer to take back to those who sent us. What do you say about yourself?” 23 John replied in the words of Isaiah the prophet, “I am the voice of one calling in the wilderness, ‘Make straight the way for the Lord.’”24 Now the Pharisees who had been sent 25 questioned him, “Why then do you baptize if you are not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?” 26 “I baptize with water,” John replied, “but among you stands one you do not know. 27 He is the one who comes after me, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie.” 28 This all happened at Bethany on the other side of the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
      • They insist he tell them who he is. All they know right now is who he says he isn’t.
      • In verse 23, John says he is the voice. He is not the Word!  He is speaking the Word! He is proclaiming the Word! He is telling people about the Word!
      • He does not want to be the Word, he just wants to be the voice and let everyone hear the message!
      • We should be voices declaring the glories of Christ!
      • Make straight the way for the Lord.
        • The King is coming… get everything out of His way so that He can get through to you! Get rid of the crooked things, things that the King does not need to deal with , look at or that gets in His way of getting to you!
        • 1 John 1:6-9 If we claim to have fellowship with him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not live out the truth. 7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus, his Son, purifies us from all sin. 8 If we claim to be without sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.
          • We make the way for Him by confession.
            • Do you know that He knows already? So does this make you want to confess more or makes you say, oh well, He already knows.
            • We need to confess. It makes the way straight.  Sin blocks our relationship with Jesus!  Confess confess confess…. tell Him.  Ask for forgiveness and turn away from that sin… then your relationship will blossom! We will be purified!
          • “but among you stands one you do not know.” Was Jesus in the crowd?
          • Jesus stood among the people of the world. And they did not know Him.
          • John said he just baptizes with water. That is all we can do as humans.  We cannot save.  We can be voices and we can do things that symbolize the Truth, But we are not the Word nor the Truth.
          • One was coming who John said he was not worth to even unloose the straps on His sandals.
            • Imagine Jesus in front of you. Would you feel worthy to touch Him at all?
            • John knew who he was and he knew who Jesus was! This is the opposite of pride.  This is how we should be.  All the time, but especially when approaching Christ.    Know who you are!  Know who He is!!!
  • 28: This all happened at Bethany on the other side of the Jordan, where John was baptizing. John is very good about telling us the when and wheres.
  • 29-30 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!
    • Lamb of God. All those lambs throughout the old testament that were slain were just pointing to Christ, the Sacrifice of God!
    • The One who takes away the sins of the world! Not took away, not will take away but takes.. present tense.. takes…everyday every minute He takes away the our sins!
  • 30 This is the one I meant when I said, ‘A man who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.’ 31 I myself did not know him, but the reason I came baptizing with water was that he might be revealed to Israel.”
    • John’s job was to reveal Jesus!
  • 32-36: Then John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. 33 And I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is the one who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I have seen and I testify that this is God’s Chosen One.” John’s Disciples Follow Jesus 35 The next day John was there again with two of his disciples. 36 When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look, the Lamb of God!”
    • How wonderful to see what God shows you come to fruition! God told him, he proclaimed it, it happened!
  • 37-39: When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. 38 Turning around, Jesus saw them following and asked, “What do you want?” They said, “Rabbi” which means “Teacher”), “where are you staying?” 39 “Come,” he replied, “and you will see.” So they went and saw where he was staying, and they spent that day with him. It was about four in the afternoon.
    • Note, these disciples had a readiness to go after Jesus. They left John who was all that at the time.  John seemed to be the main character, the one to follow, but these two saw the Jesus as the one to follow.
    • And Jesus, notices them! Jesus notices us.  He notices all who takes notice of Him, all who are curious about Him and all who follow Him.
    • He does not just keep walking and ignore them, He talked them, then he invited them to come with Him!
    • King James “and they abode with Him.” I love that.  We are to seek Jesus, He will call and speak back to us, He invites us to follow Him and then we are to abode with Him.
  • 40-42: Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard what John had said and who had followed Jesus. 41 The first thing Andrew did was to find his brother Simon and tell him, “We have found the Messiah” that is, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, “You are Simon son of John. You will be called Cephas” which, when translated, is Peter).
    • The first thing Andrew did, was go tell someone about the Messiah!
    • He did not think he had a monopoly on Christ. He did not think it was a secluded club or a click.  He knew Christ needed shared!
      • True grace wants everyone at the table eating with them. No one who experiences the Grace of God wants to keep it to themselves. Grace is meant to be shared. It starts with God and goes down to the lowest of low.  Grace is for all!
    • He told his family first! Do we tell our family?  Are they first?  Or are they too close and won’t listen?
      • We have to learn that it is not our problem if they do not listen. All we are called to do is tell them!  It is up to them and God rather it gets through or not.
      • We were never told, if it is difficult not to do it.
      • When Jesus taught in His town, He said it is the most difficult.
        • They knew him as a kid. That makes it harder.  People who knew me at a certain time in my life would have a hard time reconciling what I do and say now.
        • But Jesus still taught there. No excuse not to!
        • Then when they would not listen, He moved on. Just tell them, and if no response, move on.
          • Do not fret about if you have done enough.
          • Tell, then live a life that is an example. That’s it!
        • So here comes Peter and Jesus beheld him and knew him! He sees you and knows you!
        • and Jesus tells this impulsive fellow that He is going to be a rock!
          • This is Peter who always said the wrong thing first
          • This is Peter who Christ responded, “Get behind me Satan”
          • This is Peter who cut off the ear of the soldier and Christ reprimanded him.
          • This is Peter who denied Christ 3 times!
          • And yet Jesus sees him as a rock.
            • Jesus can see what you will be. He is not hung up on what you were or what you are, but what you will be!
            • At the very first meeting of Peter and Jesus, Jesus started working on Peter! Jesus is working on you!
            • I bet the people who knew Peter laughed when Jesus called him a rock!
  • 43-44 The next day Jesus decided to leave for Galilee. Finding Philip, he said to him, “Follow me.” 44 Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was from the town of Bethsaida. 45 Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote—Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph
    • The next day…. Jesus did not waste time! He was about His Father’s business!
    • And Jesus went … He went to call His disciples! He calls us!
    • Philip was called immediately by Christ himself, not as Andrew, who was directed to Christ by John, or Peter, who was invited by his brother. God has various methods of bringing his chosen ones home to himself.
      • Interesting note. Philip was a gentile name.  But Jesus did not change his name like He did Peter’s!  I just find that interesting.  Jesus was certainly not bothered by those things!
    • Philip was brought to be a disciple by the power of Christ going along with that word, Follow me. See the nature of true Christianity; it is following Christ, devoting ourselves to his words and conduct, attending his movements, and treading in his steps.
    • Jesus chose fishermen. Untrained, unlearned.  Why?  Christ chose disciples, who were to be furnished with extraordinary gifts, and therefore needed not the ordinary advantages of learning.
    • Philip Andrew and Peter) were from Bethsaida.
      • Mat 11:21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.
        • Now I love this…. Jesus went to bad side of town to get his disciples! He did not go to the church to get them!  He did not go to the high offices to get them.  He did not even go to the sweet little town that was doing good things!  He went to the place where it looked like there were no good people.  And He called from out of there, mighty mighty men of God to be!
  • 45-46: Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote—Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 46 “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. “Come and see,” said Philip.
    • Some people believe that Nathanael is the same person as After studying, I do too.  In Matthew, Mark and Luke Nathanael is never mentioned. When disciples are listed it is always Bartholomew for those books, but in John, Bartholomew is never mentioned, only Nathanael.
    • Many believe Philip and Nathanael are brothers. Mostly because when they are listed, most of the time, they say “Philip and Bartholomew” or Philip and Nathanael, just like Andrew and Peter are.
      • So if that is true there is that running to tell your family!
      • If it is not true, it is running to tell your friends!
      • Either way, it is running to tell someone about Jesus!
    • What an advantage it was to him that he was so well acquainted with the scriptures of the Old Testament, which prepared his mind for the reception of evangelical light, and made the entrance of it much the more easy: Him of whom Moses and the prophets did write.
    • So Nathanael said can any good thing come out of Nazareth?
      • There are two ways of looking at this. You know when things are written and you did not hear the connotations of how they were spoken you can lose translation.  One theory is he was smarting off.. making a joke… the other is he was cautious. I am going with cautious because of what Jesus says in verse 47.
        • His caution was commendable, that he did not lightly assent to every thing that was said, but took it into examination; our rule is, Prove all things.
        • But, his objection arose from ignorance.
          • If he meant that no good thing could come out of Nazareth it was owing to his ignorance of the divine grace, as if that were less affected to one place than another, or tied itself to men’s foolish and ill-natured observations.
          • If he meant that the Messiah, that great good thing, could not come out of Nazareth, so far he was right Moses, in the law, said that he should come out of Judah, and the prophets had assigned Bethlehem for the place of his nativity); but then he was ignorant of the matter of fact, that this Jesus was born at Bethlehem; so that the blunder Philip made, in calling him Jesus of Nazareth, occasioned this objection. Note, The mistakes of people often give rise to the prejudices of hearers.
        • But Philip did not argue with him, he just said, come and see! Maybe he did not argue because he did not know how yet? Or what to say that would convince him. So he simply led him to someone who could show him the truth!
  • 47: When Jesus saw Nathanael approaching, he said of him, “Here truly is an Israelite in whom there is no deceit.”
    • Jesus commended Nathanael. He did not slam him for his doubt! Isn’t He full of grace!
    • In King James it says Behold an Israelite indeed with a comma after it.
      • Which to me says look, the real thing!
        • Rom 9:6 Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
          • 1. A sincere follower of the good example of Israel, whose character it was that he was a plain man, in opposition to Esau’s character of a cunning man. He was a genuine son of honest Jacob, not only of his seed, but of his
          • A sincere professor of the faith of Israel; he was true to the religion he professed, and lived up to it: he was really as good as he seemed, and his practice was of a piece with his profession. He is the Jew that is one inwardly Rom_2:29) But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
        • He said it when Nathanael could hear. Why?
          • I believe to encourage him.
          • Not to flatter him, or puff him up with a conceit of himself, but perhaps because he knew him to be a modest man, if not a melancholy man, one that had hard and mean thoughts of himself, was ready to doubt his own sincerity; and Christ by this testimony put the matter out of doubt. Nathanael had, more than any of the candidates, objected against Christ; but here Christ showed that He excused it, and was not going to be extreme and mark what he had said amiss, because he knew his heart was upright.
        • Christ, notwithstanding our weakness, and to teach us to speak honorably of those who without cause have spoken slightly of us, and to give them their due praise.
      • Secondly, He is one in whom is no guile – no deceit:
        • That is the character of an Israelite indeed, a Christian indeed:
          • no guile towards men; a man without trick or design; a man that one may trust;
          • no guile towards God, that is, sincere in his repentance for sin; sincere in his covenanting with God; in whose spirit is no guile,
            • Psa 32:2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
          • He does not say without guilt, but without Though in many things he is foolish and forgetful, yet in nothing false, nor wickedly departing from God: there is no allowed approved guilt in him;
        • Behold this Israelite”
          • “Take notice of him, that you may learn his way, and do like him.”
          • “Admire him; behold, and wonder.” The hypocrisy of the scribes and Pharisees had so leavened the Jewish church and nation, and their religion was so degenerated into formality or state-policy, that an Israelite indeed was a man wondered at, a miracle of divine grace.
  • 48-49: “How do you know me?” Nathanael asked. Jesus answered, “I saw you while you were still under the fig tree before Philip called you.” 49 Then Nathanael declared, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the king of Israel.”
    • Jesus knew Nathanael! He know us!  Glory!  I want to know Him better
    • Nathanael wanted to know how Jesus could know him?
      • Nathanael did not speak of the compliment Jesus gave him. He was humbled. Probably quite amazed!
    • Jesus is showing his Deity here. Along the way He shows His power.
  • 49 Then Nathanael declared, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the king of Israel.”
    • Nathanael believes and confesses. When Jesus showed him who He was, Nathanael believed and confessed.  Sound familiar?
    • Even though he was skeptical just a little bit before, when Jesus spoke, Nathanael believed.
      • Don’t count out anyone… you count Christ as limited by doing so and give that someone a ton more power than they deserve!
  • 50 Jesus said, “You believe because I told you I saw you under the fig tree. You will see greater things than that.”
    • Note how Christ interacted with Nathanael:
      • He raised Nathanael’s hope.
      • He was tender with the new convert in letting him know that he did not yet believe for the right reason and then He encouraged Nathanael with letting him know more was to come!
  • 51 He then added, “Very truly I tell you, you will see ‘heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending on’ the Son of Man.”
    • Son of man:
      • He calls himself Son of man,) To express his humility in the midst of the honors done him. b.) To teach his humanity, which is to be believed as well as his divinity. c.) To intimate his present state of humiliation, that Nathanael might not expect this king of Israel to appear in external pomp. per Matthew Henry)
      • Heaven open and angels of God ascending and descending:
        • Jesus is the way to the father
        • Before now, there was not ladder that we could use to get to God. But now, the door is open. The way is made. Angels can ascend and descend.

 

Chapter 2

So we now know that the One who is in the beginning with God and is God came out of eternity, was made flesh and He lived His first thirty years in Nazareth.

  • 1 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother was there,
    • Note, it is just three days later. Jesus keeps going, keeps busy doing the business He was sent here to do.
  • 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding.
    • Note in the Gospel of John, Mary is never called by her name, but referred to as Jesus’ mother.
    • Other things to note:
      • Jesus was with His family as a grown man.
      • Jesus, God incarnate, did every day things.. like weddings.
        • Sometimes we forget that He gave us a life to live. Family to take care of, friends to have and parties and celebrations to go to.
  • 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus’ mother said to him, “They have no more wine.”
    • The discussion of drinking comes up a lot in this discussion of wine. So lets discuss it.
      • Wine in that day was a staple of the diet. Nothing is mentioned about drunkenness.
    • Many disagree on why she said this to Him. I believe she thought He could do something about it. She  knew who He was.  I believe she is saying, here is your chance to show Who you are.
    • Mary, his mother had not seen a miracle from Jesus yet. However, she still went to Him.  Lets learn from this:
      • [1.] We ought to be concerned for the wants and straits of our friends, and not seek our own things
      • [2.] In our own and our friends’ straits it is our wisdom and duty to apply ourselves to Christ by prayer.
      • [3.] In our addresses to Christ, we must not prescribe to him, but humbly spread our case before him, and then refer ourselves to him to do as he pleases.
  • 4 “Woman, why do you involve me?” Jesus replied. “My hour has not yet come.”
    • So much discussion over this… what was he saying to her? Was he slamming her?
      • … Jesus would not sin my not honoring her. And the Bible says as many as He loves He rebukes.
      • So what does that mean? King James says What have I to do with thee?
        • First, A check to his mother for interposing in a matter which was the act of his Godhead, which had no dependence on her, and which she was not the mother of. The greatest advancements must not make us forget ourselves and our place, nor the familiarity to which the covenant of grace admits us breed contempt. irreverence, or any kind or degree of presumption.
        • Secondly, It was an instruction to others of his relations many of whom were present here) that they must never expect him to have any regard to his kindred according to the flesh, in his working miracles, or that therein he should gratify them, who in this matter were no more to him than other people. In the things of God we must not know faces.
        • Thirdly, It is a standing testimony against that idolatry which he foresaw his church would in after-ages sink into, in giving undue honors to the virgin Mary, a crime which the Roman Catholics, as they call themselves, are notoriously guilty of, when they call her the queen of heaven, the salvation of the world, their mediatrix, their life and hope; not only depending upon her merit and intercession, but beseeching her to command her Son to do them good: This was plainly designed either to prevent or aggravate such gross idolatry, such horrid blasphemy. The Son of God is appointed our Advocate with the Father; but the mother of our Lord was never designed to be our advocate with the Son.
        • I believe she could very well have been trying to get Him to demonstrate His power so she could be proud.
        • Or He could of simply been saying, “I don’t have to be involved in this.”
      • And then he says My hour has not come. What hour?
        • The hour to reveal who He really is? The hour to clear her name?
        • Truthfully I don’t know. Because if it was not time for Him to do miracles, then why did He? Of course He could of mean a literally hour and just waited for the right hour?
  • 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
    • So even though He rebuked her, she still had faith in Him and turned it over to Him, and advised others to do so. That is what we should do… do what He says and tell others to do what He says!
  • 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons.7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water”; so they filled them to the brim.
    • The beginning of Moses’s miracles was turning water into blood Exo_4:9; Exo_7:20), the beginning of Christ’s miracles was turning water into wine; which intimates the difference between the law of Moses and the gospel of Christ. The curse of the law turns water into blood, common comforts into bitterness and terror; the blessing of the gospel turns water into wine. Christ hereby showed that his errand into the world was to heighten and improve creature-comforts to all believers, and make them comforts indeed.
    • Now lets note how Jesus made sure to do it in a way that was sure to be proved as a miracle.
      • First, It was done in water-pots
        • For what use these water-pots were intended: for the legal purification from ceremonial pollutions enjoined by the law of God, and many more by the tradition of the elders. The Jews eat not, except they wash often Mar_7:3), and they used much water in their washing, for which reason here were six large water-pots provided. It was a saying among them, Qui multâ utitur aquâ in lavando, multas consequetur in hoc mundo divitias – He who uses much water in washing will gain much wealth in this world.
        • To what use Christ put them, quite different from what they were intended for; to be the receptacles of the miraculous wine. Thus Christ came to bring in the grace of the gospel, which is as wine, that cheereth God and man Jdg_9:13), instead of the shadows of the law, which were as water, weak and beggarly elements. These were water-pots, that had never been used to have wine in them; and of stone, which is not apt to retain the scent of former liquors, if ever they had had wine in them. They contained two or three firkins apiece; two or three measures, baths, or ephahs; the quantity is uncertain, but very considerable. We may be sure that it was not intended to be all drank at this feast, but for a further kindness to the new-married couple, as the multiplied oil was to the poor widow, out of which she might pay her debt, and live of the rest, 2Ki_4:7. Christ gives like himself, gives abundantly, according to his riches in glory.
        • Note this too: they contained two or three firkins, for the Holy Spirit could have ascertained just how much; thus as John_6:19) teaching us to speak cautiously, and not confidently, of those things of which we have not good assurance.
      • Secondly, The water-pots were filled up to the brim by the servants at Christ’s word, As Moses, the servant of the Lord, when God bade him, went to the rock, to draw water; so these servants, when Christ bade them, went to the water, to fetch wine. By His Will  it was done.
      • Thirdly, The miracle was wrought suddenly, and in such a manner as greatly magnified it.
  • 8 Then he told them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet.” They did so,
    • No big fanfare… no big band playing, no standing over it and raising His hands and calling on God. Just done by His Will in a humble way.
    • . Our Lord Jesus directed the servants, ) To draw it out; not to let it alone in the vessel, to be admired, but to draw it out, to be drank.
      • Note, [] Christ’s works are all for use; he gives no man a talent to be buried, but to be traded with. Has he turned thy water into wine, given thee knowledge and grace? It is to profit withal; and therefore draw out now.
      • [] Those that would know Christ must make trial of him, must attend upon him in the use of ordinary means, and then may expect extraordinary influence.
    • To present it to the governor of the feast. Some think that this was the chief guest, that sat at the upper end of the table; but, if so, surely our Lord Jesus should have had that place, for he was, upon all accounts, the principal guest; but it seems another had the uppermost room, probably one that loved it and chose it,. And Christ, according to his own rule, sat down in the lowest room; but, though he was not treated as the Master of the feast, he kindly approved himself a friend to the feast, and, if not its founder, yet its best benefactor.
  • 9 and the master of the banquet tasted the water that had been turned into wine. He did not realize where it had come from, though the servants who had drawn the water knew. Then he called the bridegroom aside 10 and said, “Everyone brings out the choice wine first and then the cheaper wine after the guests have had too much to drink; but you have saved the best till now.”
    • Christ’s works commend themselves even to those that know not their author. The products of miracles were always the best in their kind.
    • 11 What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which he revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.
      • 1st miracle/sign he preformed. Not that concerned Him.  His birth was a miracle, The prophesies about Him were miracles.
      • . Don’t let stories you hear about what Jesus did as a child confuse you, it is clear… this was the first sign.
      • His glory was revealed. That is what it is about.  Always!
      • His disciples believed in Him. These disciples got more and more assurance from Christ as they went along.
  • 12 After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother and brothers and his disciples. There they stayed for a few days.
    • Jesus did not confine his usefulness to one area. He knew He was needed every where.
    • We need to not confine our witnessing or serving to one area.
      • I bet some of you are thinking. I don’t even have time to serve in one area let alone more.
        • But you do!
          • You have your family who you are with anyway.
          • You have your friends, your kids friends, your family’s friends who you with anyway.
          • You have people you work with.
          • You have neighbors.
          • And time is what you make of it.
  • 13 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 In the temple courts he found people selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. 15 So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple courts, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. 16 To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! Stop turning my Father’s house into a market!” 17 His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.”
    • Note the use of the term, the Jewish Passover. It was always called the Lord’s passover but now that Jesus is here it is not the same.
    • Note also, the first place he went was to the temple. To church!
    • OK, this selling thing.. whew. There is so much we could say about this!
      • They were making religion easy. People were suppose to make a sacrifice for their sins. A sacrifice does not mean it is easy!
        • So now, not for the sellers, but for the people who were buying, it was like we do somethings Clean a room, but really just stuff things in closet.  It might look good, we might can say we did clean the room, but we did not do it right. We were lazy.
          • Do we think God wants our lazy sacrifices? Or do we think He might appreciated the harder ones more?
          • Do we make easy sacrifices?
            • Do we tithe only what does not hurt us?
            • Do we do labor for the Lord only when it is convenient and easy?
            • Do we not give up things that hurt but only what does not pain us?
          • The buyers should of see, too, how the House of God was being defiled.
        • Now for the sellers:
          • They were there simply to make money. And to make that money, they brought in animals and change for people who only really had to sacrifice a dollar, but only had a $20 on them.
          • They had NO.. zero… respect for God’s house.
          • They had a religious racket going on.!
        • Now for Christ.
          • It was foretold in Psalm 69:9 that Christ would have a zeal for the house of God.
            • Christ loved and supported church going.
            • We are told He went to temple several times. Even as a child, He chose to go to the temple.
            • He was not happy at all that people were defiling His FATHER’s house!
            • Sometimes we think of Christ as meek only. But he was not weak or shy or afraid to confront.
            • Note the way He did it.  He did not just say, clear this out.  He made a whip! He ran out the animals, He turned over tables and spilled the money everywhere. He told the people to get the birds out of there. And He told them to stop turning His Father’s house into a market.
          • What can we learn from this?
            • God cares about the building we worship in. It is His. And He expects us to treat it a certain way.
              • With respect.
              • Keeping it free of worldly things like selling things.
                • Darrell and I are pretty firm in this area. We try not to do any exchange of money that is for us inside the house of God.
                  • Darrell tells Roberta not to pay him for Music Director in the church.
                  • We refuse to buy from kid or anyone selling anything in the sanctuary
                  • We don’t sell things there.
                • Are you aware of anything you might be doing that is defiling God’s house?
                  • We might defile it by:
                  • Gossiping within God’s House!
                  • Judging others within God’s House!
                  • Eating food and taking a chance of staining things within God’s House!
                  • Selling things for our kids or letting them within God’s House!
                  • We need to be protective. We need to be careful. We need to not let one thing happen, which we know means we let another and another become common place.
  • 18 The Jews then responded to him, “What sign can you show us to prove your authority to do all this?”
    • I can just imagine how the people who regularly attended the temple felt.
      • Who are you to do this to our place? What right do you have?  Show us proof!
    • Well Jesus said it was His Father’s house. He told them when he said that. He claimed at that point to be the Son of God!
  • 19 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.”
    • Jesus does not answer as expected. Not even where everyone cold understand. Yet He told the truth and gave a very powerful message.
      • We now, because we live in a time past this, have the Bible to explain things to us, but they at that moment did not.
      • I can imagine what they thought! I mean really, they did not even have a way for a building to be built in three days.  Today we would doubt Him even though we know a building can be built quickly with the right tools.
      • What He did not do was work a miracle right then. He did not show miracles as proof, but He thought it alright to look at His miracles after they happened to see proof.
      • He did give them a sign though. It just had not come to fruition yet. The sign was His death and resurrection
        • This was a prophesy. Later I am sure many remembered this statement He made and maybe some believed because of it.
          • He prophesies the Jews will destroy Christ.
          • And He tells of His death and resurrection
        • He tells them in this way that He is the temple, the new temple.
  • 20-22 They replied, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and you are going to raise it in three days?” 21 But the temple he had spoken of was his body. 22 After he was raised from the dead, his disciples recalled what he had said. Then they believed the scripture and the words that Jesus had spoken.
    • Basically they said “Who do you think you are?”
    • For us John makes it clear, He meant His body.
    • And then we see that the disciples could not get it either at the time. But later they remembered what He had said and then they believed. They did not believe until then.
      • We need to give ourselves some slack sometimes. Not often though.
        • We need to realize that God does not reveal the whole picture to us at once. Sometimes we have to wait for the next revelation before we can fully believe and understand the first thing we saw.
          • We are no less than the disciples, and not more. We must wait for revelation from God.
            • Many time people ask me questions and I either don’t have an answer or do not have one that they understand.
              • What we need to realize in this, is that God has to do the revealing, not us!
            • Luke 24:45 Then opened he their mind, that they might understand the scriptures;
              • It was after His resurrection that he opened their minds.
              • God does the revealing.
                • It is so important we get this.
                  • We are not God.
                  • God may not have opened our minds to certain things yet.
                  • It is His decision, not ours.
  • 23-25 Now while he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, many people saw the signs  he was performing and believed in his name. 24 But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people. 25 He did not need any testimony about mankind, for he knew what was in each person.
    • They believe in his name.. He did not entrust himself to them… Same Greek word was used
    • The people believed that the miracles they saw were real and that this Jesus did them.
    • But Jesus did not believe in them.
      • We must be sure in what we believe and that we get to the point where Jesus believes in us. That is where salvation lies!
      • So what was it? What made them not believable to Jesus?
        • They saw a magician. Wow that is cool, do some more.  Is there anything you can do for me in all that magic?
          • Is that how we believe?
        • They were not trustworthy.
          • Are we trustworthy? Can he trust us?
        • God knows if you are genuinely believing in Him. He knows!  We cannot fool Him!
          • Now as far as salvation, you better check, check and triple check that you believe in Him in the right way.
          • And then as far as our walk in faith with Him, we better check our belief in him there too. Is our faith genuine in Him!  Do we trust Him to catch us to not let us fall, to show us the right way, to forgive us, to use us?
        • Jesus did not need the recognition of men, not the approval. He is God. He does not need anything. Jesus the man knew He was God. There was no weakness in Him.!

 

CHAPTER 3

1 Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus who was a member of the Jewish ruling council.

    • Nicodemus was a Pharisee….
      • From the best group in Israel.
      • Raised on religion and the Old Testament.
      • Believed in the resurrection.
    • His name is given. To me indicates an actual happening instead of a parable.
    • He was a member of the Jewish ruling council.
    • He was a modern man. Who are the modern men today that he represents?
      • A Congressman? A lawyer?  A judge?
      • Someone with some money, clout and comfort
    • He was not the kind of guy we have seen Jesus dealing with in the past. The poor, the no_bodies.  He had brains, clout and more.  So don’t say that Jesus only called the poor.  It is just that in percentages, the poor and humble listened and heard more often.
  • 2 He came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God. For no one could perform the signs you are doing if God were not with him.”
    • He comes by night. He separated himself from his group of people and came to Jesus alone or, he worked during the day and did his work then came or he came when he could not be see.
    • He says “we”.. who are we? The pharisees?  They are thinking He is a great teacher.
    • He said .. a teacher who has come from God.
      • Nicodemus recognized God’s work. How?
      • The miracles were too big, to amazing to be from any where or any one but God.
        • Note that in that day, no one doubted the miracles that Jesus was doing. They were too big.
          • It takes thousands of years and mighty huge vanity for the “scientist” today to try and disprove the miracles.
        • But here in his statement, we are assured of the greatness of Christ’s miracles! They HAD to be from God.
  • 3 Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.”
    • This word again means “from above”
    • So here Jesus takes control of the conversation. Maybe to keep Nicodemus from going the wrong way. Nicodemus was seeing that God was involved somehow with Jesus and he was seeing the miracle. But Jesus immediately wants to get the subject that Nicodemus and all of us must deal with…. What do we do when faced with God’s Son?
    • Jesus did not get caught up in the miracles. Or pride. Or whatever the man before him was headed for. He turned the subject to the one thing that matters.
      • What if we could learn to do this?
        • If someone wants to talk to us about is drinking OK in the Bible, we just turn the subject to salvation. Salvation and being a child of God has nothing to do with drinking, or any other thing that revolves around us being good or not good. We are not good!
        • If someone wants to say “life is not fair”, we turn the subject to salvation. Salvation is more than fair.  We don’t deserve it!
        • If someone wants to talk about the hypocrites in the church, turn it to salvation and say yep, but by the grace of God they are saved from hell!
  • 4“How can someone be born when they are old?” Nicodemus asked. “Surely they cannot enter a second time into their mother’s womb to be born!”
    • Nicodemus, like most of us, only hears and sees in a limited view of things.
      • He was old, so how could he be born again? He was to big for his mother’s womb now.
        • That is how we see.
        • That is how we usually talk at first. Ignorantly and short-sighted.
          • Many people stop there. They stop with, “It cannot be!”  “I don’t get it” “It is beyond me.”
          • We should not stop there. I believe if we are having any issues of not seeing the big picture as God has laid it out, it is our own fault. Either:
            • We are not asking for explanation, revelation and vision from God.
            • We ask but are flippant about it.
            • We ask but do not listen and watch for the answer.
            • We hear the answer but it stomps on our toes so we throw it out because we don’t like it.
            • We always see first as far as the flesh and make little effort to see things spiritually
            • But, even though he cannot understand yet, he is asking Jesus to open his eyes and explain it to him.
              • Do we do that?
            • V 5 Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.
              • Truly I tell you… pay attention!
              • Water and Spirit.
                • So much discussion has be made on what does He mean by water.
                  • Water = Word of God that cleanses us.
                  • Water = the same as the Holy Spirit.
                  • Water = real earthly water baptism. the thief on the cross disproves this one for me)
                • I believe it is a cleansing of us by the Word of God revealing we are dirty and the Spirit cleanses us.
  • 6 Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.
    • Our salvation is purely spiritual. Not by anything this flesh can do!
    • God is not changing the flesh, saving the flesh, He is saving the soul!
    • The old nature of man cannot receive this new birth. It cannot be made obedient.
    • Oh that we could focus on the spiritual more than the physical!
  • 7 You should not be surprised at my saying, ‘You must be born again.’ 8The wind blows wherever it pleases. You hear its sound, but you cannot tell where it comes from or where it is going. So it is with everyone born of the Spirit.”
    • the word here for wind is the same word used for spirit.
    • The wind blows in a variety of directions – we hear its sound, perceive its operation in the motion of the trees, etc., and feel it on ourselves – but we cannot discern the air itself; we only know that it exists by the effects which it produces: so is every one who is born of the Spirit: the effects are as discernible and as sensible as those of the wind; but itself we cannot see. But he who is born of God knows that he is thus born: the Spirit itself, the grand agent in this new birth, beareth witness with his spirit, that he is born of God, Clarke)
    • The Spirit is a free agent and works where ever It wants to work. Men do not control it.  It would be good if we could get this point.  We cannot control the Spirit of God which is in us. He will speak when he will, He will do as He pleases.
    • We cannot fully understand the Spirit. Therefore, when we are trying to witness, sometimes we should use this lack of knowledge but still proof of it’s existence and a tool for witnessing. “I don’t get it all, I don’t know God fully or His will fully. I don’t how, but I know by how I feel the Holy Spirit that it exist!”
  • 9 “How can this be?” Nicodemus asked.
    • This Pharisee who thought he was knowledgeable is now saying.. I don’t get it?
  • 10“You are Israel’s teacher,” said Jesus, “and do you not understand these things?
    • Jesus reminds us sometimes that we think we know it all, but we don’t.
    • a teacher, a tutor, one who sits in Moses’s chair, and yet not only unacquainted with the doctrine of regeneration, but incapable of understanding it?
  • 11 Very truly I tell you, we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen, but still you people do not accept our testimony. 12I have spoken to you of earthly things and you do not believe; how then will you believe if I speak of heavenly things? 13 No one has ever gone into heaven  except the one who came from heaven—the Son of Man.
    • OK, here is one of those times when my beliefs were challenged. I had always thought, but could never have pulled out where I it came from, that Elijah and Enoch went to heaven when they were translated.  But if they did, then why does Jesus say no man has ever gone into heaven except him?  Wow!
    • Now in the old testament when a saint died he went to a place called Paradise or the Bosom of Abraham. But apparently heaven is a place that only Jesus had been to at this point.
  • 14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 that everyone who believes  may have eternal life in him.”
    • Numbers 21:8-9. So just as anyone who looked upon the the bronze snake was healed from a snake bite, so shall anyone who looks upon the lifted up Christ be saved from death.
      • By the way, that was the last miracle that passed through the hands of Moses and this is the last miracle that Jesus did while on this earth was lift himself up so we could be saved!
    • Jesus had to be lifted up for us to receive eternal life in Him. If He just died, that would not do it.  If He died and was came back to life only on this earth, that would not be enough to save us.  Lazarus was dead then alive again. There is no salvation in that. Jesus had to be perfect, He had to be God for it all to work
  • 16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son,  that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. 
    • So plain and clear here Jesus spells it out for us. God loves us!  He loves us so much He gave His only Son for us!  God love us that much.
      • God so loved the world.. the bad ugly world… us! So much!  How can a Holy God love us so much?            Because God is love.  It is not what He does, It is what He is.
      • It is so easy think that God loves all of us compared to knowing He loves you like this! He does!  God loves you with more love than we can imagine!   When you feel unloved by God, remember He is love it is not just what He does.
    • It also says His only Son.  Do you know that Mormon’s believe Satan is another son of God who turned bad?
    • As His only Son, it shows us just how dear we must be to Him! I mean who could give any son?  But what if you only had one child? Whew!
    • Matthew Henry said, “ God having given him to us to be our prophet, priest, and king, we must give up ourselves to be ruled, and taught, and saved by him.”
      • We should not for one day waste this gift we have received!
      • We must not think of ourselves so highly that we only think about what we want today, and not what He wants.
      • We must not be-little this gift of Christ by putting it second to anything.
        • Do we? Well surely we do.
          • This morning did you speak to Him? Recognize Him in any way? Do you daily?
            • Is there someone you do speak to everyday?
            • Do you take care of all your wants and just squeeze in three minuets or so in a day for Him? I have done this many a time.  It saddens me this moment to think about it.
            • We need to be very careful that we do not make our spouse, our child, or sister, our brother, ourselves greater than our God, our Savior, our King!
          • And here is the great gospel message! Whoever believes in Him!
            • Whoever! Anyone, everyone, no one is excluded, no one is too bad, everyone is unworthy and yet loved enough!
              • Lets get rid of our crazy prejudices! Really examine ourselves and throw them out! God does not!  And if He did, I would most likely have been one He would of said, well, except her!  She lies, she sins, she judges, she is out of control, she forgets me, she does not love the way she should, me or others, she is selfish and self-focused, she is lazy, prideful and downright useless.
                • Oh see I bet you thought when I said prejudices, you popped up some race or something! That too, but not just that!  Do you think if I am all those things I just mentioned that God would except someone because of their skin color? Because their parents raised them a certain way and they now have learned behavior that is different from mine?  Nope, God only looks at the heart.
                  • If God cared about looks, than Jesus would have been so handsome the Bible would of talked about it like it did about Saul. God does not care about looks!  We do.  We should not.
                • Beliefs in Him! Simple.
                  • It is the unspeakable happiness of all true believers, for which they are eternally indebted to Christ, 1.) That we are saved from the miseries of hell, delivered from going down to the pit; they shall not perish. God has taken away our sin, we shall not die; a pardon is purchased, and so what we really deserved is wiped out. 2.) We are entitled to the joys of heaven: We shall have everlasting life. The convicted traitor is not only pardoned, but preferred, and made a favorite, and treated as one whom the King of kings delights to honor. If believers, then children; and, if children, then heirs.
                • Loved = gave, believe = saved, not die = live eternally!
                • I absolutely cannot do this verse justice. We have heard it so much that we might not really think on the glory of it. It blows me away! Grace grace grace!
  • 17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.
    • The world definition means mankind) was already condemned by sin. It is not on trial. It is condemned. It is like a prisoner already condemned, but then asked if she wants to receive a pardon. She can stay condemned or accept the pardon. The gospel is to save those who are already lost!
    • So Jesus is saying, I did not come to judge the world this time. I came to save it.
      • Jesus is talking to Nicodemus, remember? A Pharisee who is expecting the great messiah to come and judge the world. But Jesus is setting him and us straight!  He did not come to judge it yet, He cam to save it.  Oh what Grace.  He could have just judged it!
        • The Jews thought God would come and take care of the rest of the world and they would be “the ones”. Jesus is setting it straight right now that Jesus was sent not just for the Jews, but all of mankind!
      • Ever since man sinned, he has dreaded the approach and appearance of any special messenger from heaven, as being conscious of guilt and looking for judgment:
      • God was in Christ reconciling the world to himself, and so saving It would not be saved without God doing this! We will  not be saved by anything we do! It takes this act of God, willing to be reconciled with us, despite ourselves, and save us and bring us into His family!  Grace grace grace!
      • We should be expecting judgment, but we receive salvation! Grace grace grace!
  • 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.
    • So if we believe on him, we are not condemned. This does not mean we are not guiltless, or innocent in anyway, it just means we are pardoned and our sins and the judgment we deserve are changed into…. Grace grace grace!
    • But seeing that everyone is condemned from the beginning. We all sin and therefore do not deserve to be a child of our Holy God, then if anyone does not take the pardon offered in Christ Jesus, then they are still condemned and not pardoned.
  • 19 This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.
    • Make no mistake, and it is sad to think about when we know people in this condition, but those who are not saved are making the choice themselves, because they love darkness instead of light. They love evil instead of Christ.
    • Christ came as the light! He shows to way to everyone! People in the darkness will see the light and either want it, or not.
      • Most of the Jews chose the dark law instead of grace.
      • People today chose evil instead of grace.
      • Wretched man is in love with his sickness, in love with his slavery, and will not be made free, will not be made whole.
    • Light came into the world mankind) all of it. Not just a limited portion of it.
    • Ignorance is no excuse. Job 21:14
  • 20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed.
    • They see the light. But they don’t want to know the truth. They don’t want to be shown as evil.
      • Do you remember your day of salvation? What was the first thing that you actually understood?  Hopefully it was that you are a sinner and unworthy. You saw the light and let it show you just how evil you really are.
      • It is the first step. We must be willing to forgo all pride and see ourselves as God does. We must let the light expose us.
      • Mankind sees the light but will not come into it. Very simple.
        • It is like rats and roaches. The light comes on and they scurry off to the darkness.
  • 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.
    • We got this on our day of salvation, that what we are, what we do is seen by God. And that he cares about it.
      • You can never really un-see that once you see it. But we can surely put it aside and tuck it somewhere while we are living our daily post-salvation life. We truly forget God can see it all.
    • The truth is what it is all about. The truth is Christ, the truth is grace!
    • As the gospel light convinces and terrifies evil-doers, so it confirms and comforts those that walk in their integrity.
      • We have all felt it before. Both ways.
        • We have been convinced we were wrong and sinned because of the Word.
        • But we have also been comforted, confirmed and sure of our actions because of the Word, too.
        • God Himself called it a double-edge sword!
      • As Christians, we need to be comforted, we need to know we are doing the right thing. If we are doing whatever we do and we do not know it is right, then we might ought to stop doing whatever it is!
        • Do you go to church or stay home on Sunday’s. Does the Word confirm your decision?
        • Do you love others and try to do good for them? Does the Word confirm your decision?
        • Do you have a loving relationship with your God, your family and others? Does the Word confirm your decision?
        • Do you get drunk or do illegal drugs? Does the Word confirm your decision?
        • Do you cheat on your husband? Does the Word confirm your decision?
        • Do you gossip? Does the Word confirm your decision?
      • The Bible lights us up, and it either shows we are on the right track or the wrong track. Sometimes it evens shows us we are trying to straddle the line and be on both tracks!
    • Christians who are trying to do right, are not afraid to come into the light of the Word. Even if they mess up. Why?  Because the light of the Word is all about the heart.
    • Psalm 26:2-3 Test me, Lord, and try me, examine my heart and my mind; 3 for I have always been mindful of your unfailing love and have lived in reliance on your faithfulness.
      • If we are mindful of the love of God and have faith in HIS faithfulness, we can be sure, we can be safe in saying examine my heart and my mind.
        • I have been at two different places with this verse in my lifetime. I go back and forth sometimes.
          • Sometimes I don’t want God to examine my heart and mind. Because I know where it has been. It has been on sin and selfishness and not on the love of God and HIS faithfulness.  I forget how much He loves me and how faithful He is!  I look at my own sinful self and think that it is all about me.  It is not all about me. It is all about Him!  And Who He is!
          • Sometimes I have got it and realized that no matter how sinful I am, no matter how selfish, or judgmental, or lazy, or anything I am, He is bigger than all of that and I do want Him to examine all of me!
          • We must remember it is not about us. All of us are terrible and unworthy, but He is above all of that and it is about HIS love and HIS faithfulness. Aren’t you glad it does not all depend on your love and faithfulness?  Whew, I am relieved!
  • 22 After this, Jesus and his disciples went out into the Judean countryside, where he spent some time with them, and baptized. 23 Now John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because there was plenty of water, and people were coming and being baptized. 24This was before John was put in prison.) 25An argument developed between some of John’s disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing. 26 They came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, that man who was with you on the other side of the Jordan—the one you testified about—look, he is baptizing, and everyone is going to him.”
    • First lets take note that John is still spreading the Gospel. He is still working. Jesus Christ is on the scene and yet John is still working!  What does this tell us?
      • No matter what, there is more fields to be harvested, more work to be done, more to do.
      • Just because Christ moved and is working, does not mean we stop.
        • It also means just because a teacher is around, a preacher is preaching, a laborer is working that we are not to stop.
        • Just because someone is out-shining you, does not mean you stop. Remember some are given but one talent, yet God fully expects us to use it.
        • 20:15 Don’t I have the right to do what I want with my own money? Or are you envious because I am generous?
          • Do you believe God has a right to do whatever He wants? If we really do then we cannot be jealous of someone else’s gifts!
        • We are not to think there is nothing we can do because a greater one is doing it.
        • We all have work to do. The fields are white and there is work to be done.
      • Jesus did not tell John to quit working because He was here now. So John kept working. We are to work until God tells us to stop. I have never heard anyone say they have been given that command.  Have you?
    • Rut roh! They were looking to John as THE ONE.  And apparently they could not see Jesus as THE ONE.
      • I kind of thought for a moment when I read this that John was not doing a very good job of proclaiming Jesus if they were jealous of Jesus and called Him “that man”!
        • But then I thought of my teachings. I fail miserably! But that is alright because I have really finally came to this truth: When it comes to saving souls, teaching the Holy Truth, I am nothing, I know nothing. I can do nothing. I am not the Truth. I am not the Light. All I can do is point toward it and then it is up to whoever is around to choose if they are going to look that way or not. Then it is up to God to convince them of the truth and show them the Way.
      • We have to very careful not to be like these men. They looked upon their teacher with too much honor! I believe we must work on never lifting any human being up. To me I think we should not lift them at all.  God is not a respecter of persons and neither should we be. But we struggle with this. We love someone so much we think too highly of them. Or we think certain positions, jobs or statuses makes someone “more” than someone else.  It is not so!  And we must work on not doing this.  Only One should be lifted up!
  • 27 To this John replied, “A person can receive only what is given them from heaven.
    • Oh look, this is what I said before! Only God can show the real truth!
    • This might be a verse to memorize. To really get it deep into your being. One person cannot reveal God to anyone else. Only God can do that!
  • 28 You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah but am sent ahead of him.
    • 29 The bride belongs to the bridegroom. The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete.
      • John makes it very clear here. I am not the one!  The one who has the bride is the bridegroom!  John is saying like he is the attendant to the bridegroom!
  • 30 He must become greater; I must become less.”
    • The more we understand who Christ is, the more we will get this verse. Oh we think we get it now. But I know I get it more now than I use to, and I am confident that as I grow in my sanctification process, I will get it more!
    • The shining forth of the glory of Christ eclipses the lustre of all other glory. The glory that stands in competition with Christ, that of the world and the flesh, decreases and loses ground in the soul as the knowledge and love of Christ increase and get ground
      • How do we do this? We do what John did.
        • We work to tel people about Jesus
        • If people look at us with too much esteem, we point to Jesus.
        • We teach and speak and point to Christ in all that we do! As John does in the next verses.
  • 31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth. The one who comes from heaven is above all.
    • John lets everyone know that Jesus comes from above and is above all others!
  • 32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard, but no one accepts his testimony. 33 Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful. 34 For the one whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God gives the Spirit without limit. 35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands. 36Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.
    • Jesus knows what He is talking about. He has been there, done that, seen it, and now is telling the world!
    • Jesus comes directly from God and speaks words of God! There is no limit to the Spirit in Christ!
    • God put everything into Jesus. All His eggs in one basket. No other way. Nothing to fall back on. See the truth or don’t. It is all about Jesus. And He gave Him everything! All power, all judgment, all the world is His, everything!
    • And then God made it very very simple, we are condemned already, but God made a way and all we have to do, is believe! And then we will see God!
    • Jesus is Lord. We are in his kingdom. If we see Him and believe in Him as Lord, we are saved. If we say, He will not be my king, my Lord, we are lost and are not welcomed into the kingdom, but have chose another kingdom to follow.

CHAPTER 41.

  • Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John— 2 although in fact it was not Jesus who baptized, but his disciples. 3 So he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee.
    • It says the word so….. Jesus knew the Pharisees were aware of the crowds Jesus was gathering and knew their hearts and attitudes toward this. So He left. It was not time for a great confrontation to happen between Him and them yet.
    • But this time John was already in prison most people believe. So now it is just Jesus teaching.
  • 4 Now he had to go through Samaria.
    • He HAD to go through Samaria? Jesus had to?  There are really three routes to get to Samaria from Judea. One is along the coast line, one is through Peraea on the other side of the Jordan and one is through Samaria.
      • So why did He have to go through Samaria?
        • John 5:19 look it up
        • That is why He had to. People will try to tell you it is because it was shorter or whatever, but I believe everything Jesus did He did because the Father was leading the way.
          • To me what this means is that Jesus was fully God and fully human, but the part of Him that was God lead all of His decision making. The part of Him that was human, got tired, was tempted, ate, drank, slept and things like that.
        • Also, to me it proves there are not coincidences!
  • Vs 5 – 6So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph. 6 Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.
    • See how human He became? He was tired!  Just like us!
    • The Samaritans were the poor people of the day.. Also, by the Jews, the unbelievers of today in comparison. So why go there?  Where else?  Jesus mingled with them. We are not to pull ourselves away from the unsaved, the lost, the mean and sinful people.
      • 1Co 5:10  I didn’t tell you that you could not have any contact with unbelievers who commit sexual sins, are greedy, are dishonest, or worship false gods. If that were the case, you would have to leave this world.
  • 7 When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, “Will you give me a drink?” 8 His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.)
    • So here comes a woman from the “wrong side of the tracks” from the “den of evil” from the “rough part of town” from the “druggies” from the “area of brothels?” I don’t know, whatever part of town you do not want to be a part of!
    • And what does Jesus do? “He ask her for a drink.”  Why?
      • He was tired, He had been walking. It was noon and probably hot. And Jesus knowing all, knowing thoughts and what was happening everywhere knew an opportunity to spread the gospel
    • I find it interesting that he was alone. No disciple stayed with him?
      • But if they had, I think the woman would have been more on guard with more than one man. One man was enough. Also, the disciples might of tried to deter Him from talking to her, or at least sat over there and sneered at her during the conversation.
      • Some commentaries say if any of the disciples were with Him, He would of probably asked them to draw the water. But I am not sure they had the rope or bucket to do so with?
      • God’s grace come down in a mighty mighty way here. We must not miss it. Jesus had been offering grace to the Jews. They in the most part rejected Him. But they were and still are His chosen people. But now Jesus made a way for grace to abound into a way that was unimaginable at the time, He was offering grace to the world, the ugly, the unclean, the whole big bad world. And who did He start with?  A woman. women were of low esteem at that time) A very sinful woman. The exact opposite of who any Jew would of thought.
      • God stooped all the way down to be thirsty and tired and into the pit of the most sinful place around, and offered grace! No one is worthy, but all may receive it!
    • OK, and His disciples had gone to buy food. From the Samaritan’s. There are some books found with laws in them from the Jews that list the things that Jews could buy and eat from the Samaritan’s. So no contact with them in future verses does not mean they could not buy from them.
    • And He spoke to the woman, a Samaritan. And asked help of her.
  • 9 The Samaritan woman said to him, “You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?” For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.)
    • One commentary wrote…The Jews treated the Samaritans with every mark of contempt, and accused them of falsehood, folly, and irreligion. The Samaritans sold Jews into slavery when they had them in their power, lighted spurious signals for the beacon-fires kindled to announce the beginnings of months, and waylaid and killed pilgrims on their road to Jerusalem.
    • Matthew Henry wrote of this question:
      • That he should ask this kindness; for it was the pride of the Jews that they would endure any hardship rather than be beholden to a Samaritan. It was part of Christ’s humiliation that he was born of the Jewish nation, which was now not only in an ill state, subject to the Romans, but in an ill name among the nations. With what disdain did Pilate ask, Am I a Jew? Thus he made himself not only of no reputation, but of ill reputation; but herein he has set us an example of swimming against the stream of common corruptions. We must, like our master, put on goodness and kindness, though it should be ever so much the genius of our country, or the humour of our party, to be morose and ill-natured. This woman expected that Christ should be as other Jews were; but it is unjust to charge upon every individual person even the common faults of the community: no rule but has some exceptions. 2. She wonders that he should expect to receive this kindness from her that was a Samaritan: “You Jews could deny it to one of our nation, and why should we grant it to one of yours?” Thus quarrels are propagated endlessly by revenge and retaliation.
    • Note: she did not refuse to draw the drink, she just argued.
  • 10 Jesus answered her, “If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.”
    • Jesus does not answer her question. He does not get drawn into the argument she wanted to have.
    • Instead He says something sure to pique her interest. Something to start the conversation going to the real issue.  Not the old issue.  Not the old law. Not the law!  But toward grace!
    • Pro 13:14 The teachings of a wise person are a fountain of life to turn one away from the grasp of death.
    • She might the more easily mistake his meaning, because living water was a common phrase among the Jews for spring water. And Jesus knew this.
    • Psa 9:10 Those who know your name trust you, O LORD, because you have never deserted those who seek your help.
    • Jesus Christ can and will give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him; for he received that he might
      • Salvation is offered to all who see what it is and ask for it!
  • 11 “Sir,” the woman said, “you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?”
    • Are you greater than our father Jacob?  She is already perceiving in this Stranger a claim to some mysterious greatness.
    • Our father Jacob – So they fancied he was; whereas they were, in truth, a mixture of many nations, placed there by the king of Assyria, in the room of the Israelites whom he had carried away captive, 2Ki_17:24. Who gave us the well – In Joseph their supposed forefather: and drank thereof – So even he had no better water than this
    • Note the woman will keep reversing to the well…. stagnant water. Jesus will keep referring to the spring… flowing water.
  • 13 Jesus answered, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”
    • Jesus did not become short with her, or snap back at her or anything. He spoke to her about what she needed, rather she knew what that was or not. I believe Jesus still does that.  We are trying to talk to Him about one thing and He is trying to teach us what we need.  Oh for ears to hear the truth when He is speaking to me!
    • Everyone is everyone. Never think you are an exception to God’s grace, mercy, judgments or love. And never think anyone else is either!
    • This water = the well = things of this world. No matter how great they are, not matter how needed they are will only help us but for a moment. It will pass away and we will need more. We will never be satisfied with things of this world. We were not created to be satisfied with them. We were created to be satisfied with God!
    • Matthew Henry said”A good man is satisfied from himself, for Christ dwells in his heart. The anointing abides in him; he needs not sneak to the world for comfort; the work and the witness of the Spirit in the heart furnish him with a firm foundation of hope and an overflowing fountain of joy.”
      • Do you have that? That overflowing fountain of joy?  I believe every Christian does. Jesus says so.
      • Do you feel the flowing of it? Are you letting it flow?  Are you aware of it?  The Holy Spirit is like a fountain, pushing up, bubbling , trying to get out and overflow!
      • Have you corked it? Have you pushed it down to a dribble?  Are you aware of it at all?
      • Grace is strong and vigorous! It can do amazing things!  Do not block up the flowing of grace!  Look at it, touch it, be ever so thankful for it!
    • Another note: Once you are given grace, it is enough. You don’t have to get it again. It is yours, living and moving in you. You have grace all the way to heaven! You have grace all the way past death!  You have grace that will allow you to be in God’s presence one day!
    • And grace overflows. It is enough for you to never want again plus enough for overflowing from  you to others!  Grace grace grace!
    • And very important that we get this…. it flows where? Everything flows in some direction, and grace flows to eternity!
  • 15 The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.”
    • Some think she was being curious, and maybe wanted to see what He was talking about. Others think she was taunting Him. Others think she might have got a glimpse of something and is asking so she can see more… more God?
  • 16 He told her, “Go, call your husband and come back.”17 “I have no husband,” she replied. Jesus said to her, “You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.”
    • Here is the rub! Even though this living water is there to be had, first one must recognize that they are a sinner.  Jesus is leading her to this knowledge.
    • So the woman says, I don’t have one…. true enough, but I bet she was not at all expecting what was coming next.
    • And what did come next? Jesus showing Who He is and letting her know if she wants to come to Him and receive this water, she must come as a sinner, in need of forgiveness.
      • But note how He does it. He is gentle. Reproofs are ordinarily most profitable when they are least provoking.
        • When we feel the need to reproof someone, we need to start out gently. And let their conscience and God work with them.
      • Note that this was a very sinful woman of the day. Five husbands?  Living with a man! Now remember we talked earlier about Jesus “had” to go through Samaria. Jesus had to talk to a great big sinner!  One that most people of that time was spurn.
        • This was one lonely woman I think. She was not hanging with the other women, she was living with a man instead of having a family? She was low in everyone’s eyes, even her own, most likely.  And yet this is who Jesus had to talk to. No one is too low.  Later we will find out no one is too high!
  • 19 “Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet. 20 Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.”
    • She does not deny the truth of what he had charged her with, but by her silence owns the justice of the reproof;
    • She pick a sore subject, one she hoped would take the light off of her and move them to a new area.
    • She does treat him with respect with “Sir”. I believe she did this because here was a Jew, who apparently was a prophet that did not treat her badly, but gently.
    • She acknowledges that He is more than the ordinary man by calling Him a prophet.
    • What she going to do is quickly change the subject. She chose a subject that at them time caused huge arguments.  It was a big deal.  The Samaritan’s lived at the place of Moses and everyone knew God had been there!  But the Jews claimed they must only worship in Jerusalem. At the temple.  : Two reasons could be
      • One, she wanted to change the subject in hopes of getting Him away from discussing her sin and the uncomfortable subjects that were bound to follow.
      • Two, she perceived Him as a prophet and wanted to see if he could clear this up for her. She could have been wanted to learn the truth about how to worship God correctly.
    • Note that she thought it necessary to worship somewhere. I believe that is a part of us that God put in us.  The need to worship. The need to get that there is something bigger than ourselves.  An empty hole. People of that time either filled it with the one living God or made up statues of animals and such to worship. But they all worshiped.  Today we either worship God or worship something else.  I think it is things like ourselves, our need to be entertained. Our need to have stuff. Our need to be loved. Our need to useful, Our need to popular. Our need to worry. Our need to gossip and keep things stirred up back to entertainment) Our need to look a certain way. Our need to be right. Our need to control.  The list goes on and on.  But I believe if we could just fill that need with the thing it was created to be filled with, the rest would fall back into the rightful place they belong. They would be well behind the need to worship!  When we are actually able to get into true worship, nothing else seems to matter. Only God matters!  Only Jesus and what He did for us matters!  It is glorious!
  • 21 “Woman,” Jesus replied, “believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”
    • Jesus said … believe me… making her focus on something major and the fact that she thinks He is a prophet. Pay attention!
    • JFB ? Whoever that is said: Jesus did not say “That question is not the point just now, but have you been living in the way described, yea or nay? Till this is disposed of I cannot be drawn into theological controversies.” The Prince of preachers takes another method: He humors the poor woman, letting her take her own way, allowing her to lead while He follows – but thus only the more effectually gaining His object. He answers her question, pours light into her mind on the spirituality of all true worship, as of its glorious Object, and so brings her insensibly to the point at which He could disclose to her wondering mind whom she was all the while speaking to.
    • Meyer said: This led to one of the greatest sayings ever uttered on earth-that God is Spirit; that He is ever searching for true worshipers; and that He is indifferent to places and nationalities and method, that we cannot worship until we live in the spirit-realm and are willing to conform ourselves absolutely to truth-
    • Men are called to worship their heavenly Father, and to consider themselves as his children.
    • Now that Jesus had come, worship can happen anywhere and everywhere! What freedom we have!  He is telling her that things are changing and all those rules and laws are going away and being replaced with freedom!
      • We need to be sure we get this all the way down to our spirit. There is not certain places we should worship! We are not bound by places. Do not think you can only worship God at church or one certain place in your home.  It is a spiritual thing!
    • Note He did tell her the Samaritans were wrong and the Jews were right. Why?  The Samaritans only believed in the first 5 books of the old testament. Jesus is clearing that up right now.  He is also claiming to be one of them by saying we.  The  Jews knew salvation was coming through them.  And the Samaritans did not believe this.
    • Then He describes the evangelical worship which alone God would accept and be well pleased with. Having shown that the place is indifferent, he comes to show what is necessary and essential – that we worship God in spirit and in truth
      • It is the state of mind in which we worship Him that matters. Not where.
        • Interesting enough it is assumed we will worship regularly. We need to ask ourselves if we worship in spirit and truth… and then how often?  I believe it is assumed we will daily.    I cannot stress enough, if we really get Who God is, What Jesus did for us, and who we are in comparison, we would worship every day! Why oh why can we not get this?
  • for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”
    • The Father God) seeks people to worship Him in spirit and in truth!  He is looking for us to be that kind of people!  This is not to be taken lightly. He seeks this!  God seeks this!  I want to be what He seeks, don’t you?
    • What does that mean, in spirit and in truth?
      • First off, God is a spirit. He is not a like us. He is not held into place by a body. He is not limited. He is fully spirit.  Not flesh and bones. He is  full of all spiritual perfections, power, wisdom, love, holiness.  And we should worship Him purely and in holiness!
      • Who does the Bible say is the truth?    We can worship God almighty through His son.
    • And let us not skip over the word .. must! We must worship Him in spirit and truth.  Not in rituals, not in pompous acts, not in selfishness, not in silliness. But in spirit and truth… we must!
  • 25 The woman said, “I know that Messiah” called Christ)“is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.”
    • She has faith in God and His promise to send the Messiah! She is looking for Him. And not only that, she is expecting Him to explain things.  All things.
      • We do that kind of now. I cannot tell you how many times I have heard someone or I have said, “When I get to heaven, I am going to ask God about this and what was that all about!”
    • Anyway, she was not living a life that was pleasing to God perhaps, but that did not mean she had never been told the truth. Nor that she did not believe it.
      • I have been in the past and I know many people who are Christians, who know the truth, but choose not to live as if they know it. I wish I could take that back.
  •  26 Then Jesus declared, “I, the one speaking to you—I am he.”
    • But here is the person Jesus is saying something amazing to. Not the big religious people, This is a wonderful instance of the grace of Christ to this woman, that he should make himself known in so clear and plain a manner, to a woman who was not of high esteem at the time, but low, who was not pure, but a sinner and who was as much of a nobody as could be in that day! We rarely find that he ever made so clear a discovery of himself, in such express terms, to any, as to her, unless it were to his immediate disciples; and these he would sometimes charge not to tell who he was.
    • And note this too, when Jesus told her he knew she was a sinner by telling her about her non-husband). He just stated a fact. Then now when He is revealing to her who He is, He is not now that she knows He is the Messiah berating her for hr sins. He simply just let her know that He knew about them. That should be enough for anyone who really gets who God is.  We should not have to be beat over the head with the wrongness of what we are doing. Once we realize that what we did was sin in the eyes of God, that should be enough!
    • The Rabbinical writings taught that it was beneath a man’s dignity to converse with women. It was one of the six things which a Rabbi might not do. “Let no one,” it is written, “converse with a woman in the street, not even with his own wife.” It was also held in these writings that a woman was incapable of profound religious instruction. “Rather burn the sayings of the law than teach them to women.”
      • Jesus apparently did not care what their laws were when it came to people. He loved all people!
  • 27 Just then his disciples returned and were surprised to find him talking with a woman. But no one asked, “What do you want?” or “Why are you talking with her?”
    • VWS? Said: They were surprised, not at his talking with that woman only, but that their teacher should converse with any woman in public. The Rabbinical writings taught that it was beneath a man’s dignity to converse with women. It was one of the six things which a Rabbi might not do. “Let no one,” it is written, “converse with a woman in the street, not even with his own wife.” It was also held in these writings that a woman was incapable of profound religious instruction. “Rather burn the sayings of the law than teach them to women.”
    • So what does this tell us? There is no one who is unapproachable with love and the gospel.
    • If Jesus Christ, the Son of God, did not think he should avoid a certain type, then why should we? He did not thing he was above talking to anyone, trying to save anyone, or being seen with anyone. Jesus truly did not care about what others thought but only about what God thought and the souls of all people!
    • Also, note the disciples did not say anything to Him. When God moves who are we to interrupt? When God moves who are we to judge it?  When God moves we should be in awe!
    • Jesus was sowing seeds. You know we look around and see that the harvest is white and ready to be harvested, but someone before us has sown seeds. We need to be sure we take no credit for anyone’s salvation or sanctification process. We certainly can help people, but only God can cause about a change in Spirituality
    • Pro 30:32 If you have done foolishly in lifting yourself up, or if you have thought evil, lay your hand on your mouth.
      • This is what the disciples did, they had faith in Jesus and even though they did not understand what He was doing, they did not question Him.
        • We can learn a lot from that!
  • 28 Then, leaving her water jar, the woman went back to the town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could this be the Messiah?” 30 They came out of the town and made their way toward him.
    • Leaving her water jug.
      • Either she was so excited she forgot it or she left it for Jesus who wanted a drink. His disciples could draw the water for Him.
    • And what was the first thing she did after hearing that Jesus is the Messiah?
      • She ran and told others! She did not keep it to herself!
        • Have you ever wondered who she went and told? I mean, we believe she was probably shunned by the other women is why she was at the well at noon.  So who did she go tell?  The other sinners is my guess.  I think that is cool!  Another thought, the women who shunned her, might of missed out on the good news!
  • 31 Meanwhile his disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat something.”32 But he said to them, “I have food to eat that you know nothing about.”33 Then his disciples said to each other, “Could someone have brought him food?”
    • So here is His disciples trying to take care of Him. How sweet!  Nothing wrong with that.  But Jesus is on a spiritual mission, and He is not thinking of satisfying His hunger for food.
    • And isn’t it just like us that when we are thinking one way and then something spiritual, profound or amazing is said, we miss it completely and are still thinking along the lines of our previous thought, our plans or our ideas.
      • It is kind of like Martha and Mary … Martha could only see what she thought was important while something great and awesome was going on right in front of her.
    • We could take this as a lesson. The next time your mind is wondering around what you think needs done or said, and someone says something or does something spiritual make your mind change to the spiritual!  Change your mind!  Make yourself take note.  If you don’t, you may miss the whole big point God is trying to accomplish!
  • 34 “My food,” said Jesus, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to finish his work.
    • To seek and to save that which is lost!
    • Note, also, that we don’t see Jesus waist much time. If He is not seeking the lost He is teaching His disciples. He is always about His Father’s work.
  • 35 Don’t you have a saying, ‘It’s still four months until harvest’? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest. 36 Even now the one who reaps draws a wage and harvests a crop for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together. 37 Thus the saying ‘One sows and another reaps’ is true. 38 I sent you to reap what you have not worked for. Others have done the hard work, and you have reaped the benefits of their labor.”
    • 2Ch 29:36 And Hezekiah rejoiced, and all the people, that God had prepared the people. For the thing happened suddenly.
      • God has prepared hearts! The Old Testament had prepared hearts!  Prophets had prepared hearts. John the Baptist had been preaching.  At that time, a lot of preparing had gone on before the disciples were to go about reaping.
      • Remember the woman saying she knew the Messiah was coming? She had been prepared.
      • I wonder where we are today. Sure enough all of the same things have been before us, and in addition, Christ has come and completed the everything needed. And we have the Bible. Much much has been done before we are going about to do the Father’s work.
        • But in this world, and not even far away, there are those who have heard none of it! I am very sure there are some in this neighborhood who have not been taught about God, the Bible or Jesus. There are more people not going to church than ever, and if their parents didn’t go, grandma didn’t go then who is telling them?  I believe we are in a time of sowing and reaping.
      • Lets remember, also, that sometimes we do not see the reaping. We are to sow, we are to sow, we are to sow, and if God grants you that kind of grace, you may be involved in some reaping.  Don’t be discouraged if you see no results.
        • Like these kids… I was one of those kids and the women and men who did a lot of sowing for me did not see the reaping. They have no clue.  And yet here I am, saved by Grace, bound for heaven, a child of the King, a Princess, a worker who is now sowing and reaping.  I am so thankful they sowed!
  • 39 Many of the Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, “He told me everything I ever did.”
    • We will talk about the “believed in him” in a little bit.
    • But lets look at what the woman did.
      • She went to people she knew and told.
      • These people were bound to know some of her sinful life.
      • Her shame of her life did not stop her from sharing Christ!
      • When she said “He told me everything I ever did”, she was confessing that this man knew her sins and rebuked her and yet she was sharing Him with others!
    • What can we learn from her? She had reason to be timid, she had reason to be shy, to be withdrawn, but she did not let it stop her from sharing her testimony. Testimonies can be very revealing of your past, but many times it can be just the thing to get people to pay attention to the Gospel!  Do not let your shame or your timidity stop the sharing of Christ!
  • 40 So when the Samaritans came to him, they urged him to stay with them, and he stayed two days.
    • This is big. It was surely big at the time to the disciples and the Samaritans.  Jews and Samaritans did not stay together!!
      • Apparently the disciples stayed with Him. They had to quickly get over any prejudices they had!
      • The people got over their prejudices with Jesus and His disciples.
      • God is not prejudice! Neither should we be.
      • These people were the ___________________ You fill in the blank in your mind with whoever it is you are prejudice against. The Muslims?  The Iranians? The hoodlums that would have been me a while back)
  • 41 And because of his words many more became believers. 42 They said to the woman, “We no longer believe just because of what you said; now we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Savior of the world.”
    • I love this part!!! For one thing it relieves me of any fault if someone does not accept Christ.  It is my job to tell them. That is all.
    • Faith comes to the birth by hearing the report of men. These Samaritans, for the sake of the woman’s saying, believed so far as to come and see.
      • When we tell people about Jesus, the best we can hope happens from what we do is that they will want to come and see.
    • The rest is up to Jesus. The Word will reach it mark. The Word will save. A conversation between Jesus and a soul is what it takes for true salvation to happen.
    • And note, they wanted Jesus to stay, they wanted a relationship with him! That is true salvation!
    • And He stayed! With Samaritans!  I love this breaking of all social barriers!
  • 43 After the two days he left for Galilee. 44 Now Jesus himself had pointed out that a prophet has no honor in his own country.) 45 When he arrived in Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him. They had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the Passover Festival, for they also had been there. 46 Once more he visited Cana in Galilee, where he had turned the water into wine.  And there was a certain royal official whose son lay sick at Capernaum. 47 When this man heard that Jesus had arrived in Galilee from Judea, he went to him and begged him to come and heal his son, who was close to death.48 “Unless you people see signs and wonders,”  Jesus told him, “you will never believe.”49 The royal official said, “Sir, come down before my child dies.”50 “Go,” Jesus replied, “your son will live.”
    • This man that came to Jesus the “royal official” means little king. He was a man of riches or power.  He was a mighty man of the time and place. And yet he cam begging to Jesus.
      • We must all come that way. No matter how mighty, no matter how rich, pretty, smart, popular, funny, good, bad or ugly we are, before Jesus we are nothing, deserve nothing and must recognize that He has all the power and the grace to help us in our time of need.
    • So here comes the man begging Jesus to save his son and what does Jesus do?
      • He rebukes him. So you know, we might wonder what in the world the man did or said for Jesus to say what He said? But here is the thing. Jesus does not judge by what He sees or what is said.
        • Isa 11:3 And He is made to breathe in the fear of Jehovah. And He shall not judge according to the sight of His eyes, nor decide by the hearing of His ears. Isa 11:4  But with righteousness He shall judge the poor, and shall decide with uprightness for the meek of the earth. And He shall strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He shall slay the wicked.
      • Jesus rebuked the man’s heart. He knew something we could not see. Boy I have experienced that many times. God has rebuked me for things none of you will ever know!  But He knows what is in our hearts and that is where He deals with us!
    • And then the man says come before my son dies… He knows where the miracle lays!
    • And glory be, what does Jesus do? He speaks and it is done!. Just like the creation of the world!
      • He did not do it exactly the way the man had asked, but He gave the man what he asked for. Grace grace grace!
    • He told the man to go. He did not go with him. And the man believed just by the Words of Jesus  There is power in the Word!
  • The man took Jesus at his word and departed. 51 While he was still on the way, his servants met him with the news that his boy was living. 52 When he inquired as to the time when his son got better, they said to him, “Yesterday, at one in the afternoon, the fever left him.”53 Then the father realized that this was the exact time at which Jesus had said to him, “Your son will live.”
    • Some people believe because he asked his servants what time this happened that the man had not really totally believed. But the verses before said that he believed, so I am going to believe that!
    • He is just verifying the time if you ask me! Maybe he was just curious. Did it happen the moment he said or did Jesus wait until the man was close?  I don’t really know I just know it said the man believed!
  • So he and his whole household believed. 54 This was the second sign Jesus performed after coming from Judea to Galilee.
    • And glory be to God, the whole household believed! One miracle was enough for that house!
      • This is not always true, one miracle is enough. Many people saw Jesus perform miracles, but they did not believe.
      • But in this house they did. I bet that man came back singing the praises of Jesus, giving Him all the credit and glory!

CHAPTER 5  

  • 1 Some time later, Jesus went up to Jerusalem for one of the Jewish festivals. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, which in Aramaic is called Bethesda and which is surrounded by five covered colonnades. 3 where a great number of disabled people used to lie—the blind, the lame, the paralyzed.
    • Jesus went to the festival It was a religious gathering. We see Him do this often. Now if we are to follow His example, we would attend religious assemblies.
      • Now, He certainly did not need to learn anything, but it was an opportunity for good. To obey the ordinances of God, to fellowship and just plainly to avoid the appearance of evil.
    • Bethesda means the house of mercy.
    • In NIV, there is no 4th The 4th verse said: For an angel went down at a certain time into the pool and troubled the water. Then whoever first stepped in after the troubling of the water was made whole of whatever disease he had.
      • Apparently the very original Greek manuscript did not have this verse It is believed a scribe inserted it as any explanation of why they were there.
      • A lot of people get hung up on this kind of thing What I believe is that God can work in any translation. I do believe they should come from the original scripts.. and not just like for instance take the King James and try to translate it.  Not a translation from a translation is what I mean.  I prefer translations that were done by a group, not an individual. Groups hold each other accountable. An individual can write anything and who is going to be their double checker?  But if you have a Bible written by just one person, don’t let me be the one to change your mind about it.  Just ask God.  Remember, I believe God is bigger than any translation and if He can cause people to speak in languages they did not even know so that someone could understand the gospel, then he can use any version
    • Note though that Jesus went to a place where people believed healing took place. And apparently He went there to heal. I believe Jesus always knew where He should be at any given time.
  • 5 One who was there had been an invalid for thirty-eight years.
    • 38 years! And who knows how long he had laid around that pool, wanting to be first but no way to get there?  Seeing people go in and come out different.  Apparently, he had not family to help him. I believe this was one miserable human.  And later we will get an indication that his sin was what brought him there.
      • But somehow he lived? Who fed him?  Maybe the priest at the temple fed the people?
      • Either way, he was a man without much hope, sick and miserable a long time. And we complain if we have a headache!  I pray God will remind me of this man when I complain!
  • 6 When Jesus saw him lying there and learned that he had been in this condition for a long time, he asked him, “Do you want to get well?”
    • This version says learned, but others say knowing. I believe He knew.
    • Jesus asks him if he wants to be made whole. Do you want to get well?
      • Seems like a strange question to ask, of course he does! There are so many reasons Jesus could of asked this question this way.
        • He was asking, do you want to be whole as in not only have your body healed, but to repent from your sins and be made whole spirituality too. This is Jesus heals today, who He saves, those who want to be made whole, those who do not want to hang on to their sin.
        • He was giving the man hope Getting his full attention
        • He was getting the man’s eyes off of the pool and onto Himself.
          • I am not saying that the pool did not do something in those days, but I am saying that sometimes healings can come from other sources, but what kind of healing do you want? The kind the body is healed hospitals), but the spirit is untouched?  Jesus offers complete healing when He heals.
  • 7“Sir,” the invalid replied, “I have no one to help me into the pool when the water is stirred. While I am trying to get in, someone else goes down ahead of me.
    • Certainly this man has no clue about who is asking him! He is focused on the waters!
    • This is a sad story. A poor, helpless, hopeless, homeless, lonely man! He has no friends! No one to help him!
      • Think about this situation People are there, a multitude. But only the first get healed. So I imagine it is quite a mess when the waters start to stir, people all over are jumping in. People who can jump.
      • I also imagine that many of them were less crippled than him, but did not care that his need was greater, First come first served, Everyone for himself. No one said, “here let me help you, you will not make it without help, and I can try next time.”
      • Also, what about those that were healed? You might think some of them would have hung around and helped the ones who were waiting.  But apparently not!
        • Now think about our salvation We have been made whole.  We can do like these people and just take our salvation, our healing and the mercy we were granted and go home and live happy lives, or we can help others get healed too!
        • There are people out there who have no one to help them! I don’t know why I am not one of them, but I am determined not to turn my back on them.  I am determined that if God gives the the grace to do it, I am going to help those who are unable to help themselves, I am going to point the way to true healing, I am going the be the friend they need. I am going to take the grace and mercy that God has given me by saving my soul, by making me whole, by giving me the health to move and to do, by giving me the means to help and I am going to use it. Hopefully until the day I die. I am not going to lock myself up in my own self and hoard it, hide it or misuse it.  I am way to thankful for it and way to aware that I do not deserve it. I am going to seek  out the poor, the lonely, the lost, the miserable and I am going to attempt to help!  Why?  Because I a am good?  There is NO good in me except for the Holy Spirit!  I am doing it because I am thankful for what Christ has done for me!  I cannot help Jesus, He does not need help!  But I can imitate Him to the best of my ability as a thank you Lord for what you have done for me!
      • He is telling Jesus his situation probably in hope Jesus will help him get into the pool. He does not know what is coming!  I tremble in anticipation.  I know what is coming!  I know I am going to get a new body, a new home!  I know I am going to live in a place where Jesus is!  Where I can see God!  Where I will be perfect!  I see now!  The man did not see, but I do believe he is about to!
  • 8 Then Jesus said to him, “Get up! Pick up your mat and walk.” 9 At once the man was cured; he picked up his mat and walked.
    • Christ spoke. That is enough!
    • There are a multitude of things to consider in these verses.
      • Jesus knew it was a sabbath day and knew the law. He knew what havoc it would cause Christ would thus witness against the tradition of the elders, which had stretched the law of the sabbath beyond its intention; and would likewise show that he was Lord of the sabbath, and had power to make what alterations he pleased about it, and to over-rule the law. Jesus is about His Father’s work every day. No excuses.
      • The man knew it was the sabbath too most likely and yet did what he was asked, on the sabbath! He was willing to ignore the norm, the expected behavior because Jesus spoke. He was willing to take whatever punishment might come for breaking a law on the Sabbath carrying the bed) because of his faith and hope in Jesus.
      • Jesus did not lift the man up miraculously. He told him to get up.
        • This man had not asked for healing from Jesus. This miracle was not based on the man’s faith by his asking.
        • However, he had to have enough faith to get up. It does not say he doubted or anything, he just got up!
          • We have to have enough faith to turn from what we have always done, believed and been taught when Jesus calls us out It is enough that Jesus said.  Nothing more is needed!
          • Oh that we could really apply this to our lives. The Bible is full of things Jesus said and I have ignored. I have ignored His Holy Spirit many a time.  Think where I would be today if I had not ignored His words!   Think of it?  What miracles could have happened?
        • Another thing about taking up the bed, it meant the perfect cure. He was not cured for a day. He did not need to save his place by the pool. He was being completely healed. That is Jesus! No partial works.  Complete!
        • Matthew Henry said: “He felt the power of Christ’s word healing him: Immediately he was made whole. What a joyful surprise was this to the poor cripple, to find himself all of a sudden so easy, so strong, so able to help himself! What a new world was he in, in an instant! Nothing is too hard for Christ to do. [2.] He obeyed the power of Christ’s word commanding him. He took up his bed and walked, and did not care who blamed him or threatened him for it. The proof of our spiritual cure is our rising and walking. “
  • The day on which this took place was a Sabbath, 10 and so the Jews said to the man who had been healed, “It is the Sabbath; the law forbids you to carry your mat.”11 But he replied, “The man who made me well said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’ ”12 So they asked him, “Who is this fellow who told you to pick it up and walk?”13 The man who was healed had no idea who it was, for Jesus had slipped away into the crowd that was there.
    • Of course here comes the high and mighty. Worried they were left out of some event of a religious nature or one that brings about awe.  I am pretty sure they did not want the attention taken from them and put somewhere else.
      • What would they do? If they suddenly were not the experts in the things of God, what would be their purpose in life, among the people, for their own self worth?
      • We can see clearer than they did that Jesus needs to get all the honor and all of the credit, and all of the glory. But they saw him as a man.  So why should they share anything with him and who was he anyway?
  •  14 Later Jesus found him at the temple and said to him, “See, you are well again. Stop sinning or something worse may happen to you.” 15 The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well.
    • The man went to the temple! Hopefully, he went to praise God for his healing.
    • How often do we neglect to thank God for a healing we have asked for? Got a cold, did you pray for God’s healing, did it come?  Did we thank Him?
    • It appears that sin may have been the reason for this man’s infirmities.
      • We don’t like to think that way. But we must face truth as truth.  No one is sick and suffers without God knowing, allowing or maybe even causing as  an attention getter.
      • Some suffer so that God may be glorified. Some suffer because of their sin. Some suffer because we reap what others sow. That is the way life is. We must learn to look to God for our healing, patience and strength through it all.
    • John 5:16 So the Jews began persecuting Jesus, because he kept doing such things on the Sabbath. 17  But Jesus answered them, “My Father has been working until now, and I, too, am working.” 18  So the Jews were trying all the harder to kill him, because he was not only breaking the Sabbath but was also calling God his own Father, thereby making himself equal to God.
      • Barnes said: Worketh “until now,” or until this time. God has not ceased to work on the Sabbath. He makes the sun to rise; He rolls the stars; He causes the grass, the tree, the flower to grow. He has not suspended His operations on the Sabbath, and the obligation to “rest” on the Sabbath does not extend to Him. He created the world in six days, and ceased the work of creation; but He has not ceased to govern it, and to carry forward, by His providence, His great plans on the Sabbath.
    • Or, I also work. The two clauses are coordinated. The relation, as Meyer observes, is not that of imitation, or example, but of equality of will and procedure. Jesus does not violate the divine ideal of the Sabbath by His holy activity on that day. “Man’s true rest is not a rest from human, earthly labor, but a rest for divine, heavenly labor. Thus the merely negative, traditional observance of the Sabbath is placed in sharp contrast with the positive, final fulfillment of spiritual service, for which it was a preparation” Westcott).
    • In some ways, I feel sorry for the Jews here. They were blinded to who he was.  So sad.  And because of this blindness, they persecuted the very one they were looking for to be their king.
      • So why were they blinded and others not?
      • Why was only this man healed and not all of the ones waiting to get into the water?
        • I believe it is because they all had their eyes on the wrong thing. Their faith in the wrong thing.
        • I, also, believe that this man had sinned. And was paying a price for it. And Jesus was removing the punishment. Now the man is told, don’t sin, you already had this happen, and it was bad, but worse can happen.
          • Why would God do that to some and not others?
            • I believe it all has to do with the heart. Perhaps, this man sinned openly and in defiance of God with a very hard heart.
            • Sometimes we sin from ignorance, sometimes from laziness, sometimes from a moment of weakness, sometimes because we are self-centered for a moment and just want to. But sometimes people sin in full knowledge that God has told them not to, and they don’t care and maybe even want to kind of test God.
          • We should avoid all sin.  Because ultimately all sin is not caring about what God wants at the moment.  Even when we sin out of ignorance, it is because we chose not to know. Not to find out, not to learn His will via His Word.
  • 19 -23 Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does. 20 For the Father loves the Son and shows him all he does. Yes, and he will show him even greater works than these, so that you will be amazed. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.
    • These are getting into some of my favorite verses! Jesus says he can do nothing by Himself and He looks to the Father for what to do and then He does whatever the Father does!  He cannot not do what the Father does because He is God   He is Holy!  He is God!
      • If Jesus, who is God, looks to the Father, so should we. I believe He is saying that God has a plan.  He is moving in a certain way to reach a certain end that He only knows.
        • Now imagine that God is a big freight train Moving fast along a track, headed to a certain destination.
          • We as humans can see the direction He is headed. He will even make a way for us to get on that train. But we have a choice everyday. Do we get on it and go the way of God and see the results of God moving, or do we just stand by idly, or do we run the other way,  If we don’t get on board with God everyday, then we miss seeing what could have been.
          • But if we get on board, stay near Him, on Him, with Him, watching Him and imitating Him, we get to the the glorious stuff!
            • Have you ever know you were doing the right thing that God wanted you to do? Wasn’t it glorious? Does it not feel like you are a part of His family?
            • When you have not done His will openly, does it not feel like you are lost, lonely or confused?
            • Being on board with God is the good life The one where great things will happen  You may not get rich, you may not get healthy, but you will see and experience things that will bring you joy unspeakable!
          • Jesus was shown everything! So that we could be amazed.  I am !
          • Jesus was given all power! We don’t have all power  He does  However, if He is in us, then if we are in God’s will that power is available to us!
            • 2Ti_1:7 For God has not given us the spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind.
            • 1Th_1:5 For our gospel did not come to you in word only, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit, and in much assurance, as you know what kind of men we were among you for your sake.
            • John_14:26 But the Comforter, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send in My name, He shall teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, whatever I have said to you.
            • Eph 3:7 Of this gospel I was made a minister, according to the gift of the grace of God given to me by the effectual working of His power.
          • We are given the power we need for the path set before us!
  • 22 Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son, 23 that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Whoever does not honor the Son does not honor the Father, who sent him.
    • Jesus, the one God sent to be the sacrifice for us, is given all judgment What does that mean, all judgment?  According to Henry:
      • He is entrusted with the administration of the providential kingdom, is head over all things Eph_1:11), head of every man, 1Co_11:3. All things consist by him, Col_1:17.
      • He is empowered to make laws immediately to bind conscience. I say unto you is now the form in which the statues of the kingdom of heaven run. Be it enacted by the Lord Jesus, and by his authority. All the acts now in force are touched with his sceptre.
      • He is authorized to appoint and settle the terms of the new covenant, and to draw up the articles of peace between God and man; it is God in Christ that reconciles the world, and to him he has given power to confer eternal life. The book of life is the Lamb’s book; by his award we must stand or fall.
      • He is commissioned to carry on and complete the war with the powers of darkness; to cast out and give judgment against the prince of this world, John_12:31. He is commissioned not only to judge, but to make war, Rev_19:11. All that will fight for God against Satan must enlist themselves under his banner.
      • He is constituted sole manager of the judgment of the great day. The ancients generally understood these words of that crowning act of his judicial power. The final and universal judgment is committed to the Son of man; the tribunal is his, it is the judgment-seat of Christ; the retinue is his, his mighty angels; he will try the causes, and pass the sentence. Act_17:31.
    • Barnes said: “To honor is to esteem, reverence, praise, do homage to. We honor one when we ascribe to him in our hearts, and words, and actions the praise and obedience which are due to him. We honor God when we obey him and worship him aright. We honor the Son when we esteem him to be as he is; when we have right views and feelings toward him. As he is declared to be God John_1:1, as he here says he has power and authority equal with God, so we honor him when we regard him as such. The primitive Christians are described by Pliny, in a letter to the Emperor Trajan, as meeting together to sing hymns to Christ “as God.” So we honor him aright when we regard him as possessed of wisdom, goodness, power, eternity, omniscience – equal with God.
    • Let us think on it for a moment. How do we honor the one who has all power vs 27) and all judgment. How do we honor the one who died for us? Who saved us? Who sits at the right hand of God and intercedes for us? How do we honor our LORD?  I find myself lacking!  I find myself seeking forgiveness for not giving Him the honor He deserves.  I find myself humbled by this.  I am sure I can never give Him the honor He deserves, but I don’t think I have even been trying with the faith, strength and wisdom He has given me.
  •  24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life.
    • Glory hallelujah! Just after thinking how miserably I fail, Jesus makes it so very simple for us! Hear His words and believe and we are saved!    All that power He has to judge He has set aside a way grace) for us to escape the terror by simply believing in His words!
      • This makes me want to jump up and down! Dance!  Sing!  Praise Him!  He is so merciful and so full of grace!   He loves us!  We who fail Him daily!  We who are so wrapped up in our own selfishness!  He loves us and made a very simple way to save us and to be made whole in Him, to be seen by God as worthy, to be with Him forever! Whew!  Glory!
  • 25 Very truly I tell you, a time is coming and has now come when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God and those who hear will live. 26 For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. 27And he has given him authority to judge because he is the Son of Man.
    • Do we get it that all and everything, life or death, rewards or punishment, forgiveness, love, power everything and every decision concerning us is in the hands of Jesus!
    • There is much debate about who these dead are. Part of the reason for this is that it says “and now is”.Two points of view prevail:
      • 1 The dead spiritually. Because it is a common thought that death is separation from God. Jesus is calling people out of this type of death at the very time He is speaking and will call them out continually
        • John 5:24 “I tell you the truth, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life.
        • Romans 6:13 Do not offer the parts of your body to sin, as instruments of wickedness, but rather offer yourselves to God, as those who have been brought from death to life; and offer the parts of your body to him as instruments of righteousness.
        • 1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love our brothers. Anyone who does not love remains in death.
      • The other is actually calling a person who has died physically unto life. The “and now is” part can be referring to the people He rose from the dead, Lazarus, the little girl and the son of the widow.
    • I believe it means spirituality because of verse 24. When we accept Christ, we are saved right that moment. Death has been overcome!, But because of the of the following verse I see it could be the other way. I am good with either way.
  • Vs 28-30 “Do not be amazed at this, for a time is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice 29 and come out—those who have done good will rise to live, and those who have done evil will rise to be condemned.
    • People do marvel at the thought of bodies rising up All kinds of questions are like how can a decayed body rise up. Personally, I don’t need to know how If God can speak this whole world into existence, he can surely make our bodies rise up.
      • 1 Corinthians 15: 35 But someone may ask, “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body will they come?” 36 How foolish! What you sow does not come to life unless it dies. 37 When you sow, you do not plant the body that will be, but just a seed, perhaps of wheat or of something else. 38 But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own body. 39 All flesh is not the same: Men have one kind of flesh, animals have another, birds another and fish another. 40 There are also heavenly bodies and there are earthly bodies; but the splendor of the heavenly bodies is one kind, and the splendor of the earthly bodies is another. 41 The sun has one kind of splendor, the moon another and the stars another; and star differs from star in splendor.
        • This is one of those cases where I am very sure I have read this before, but did not really grasp it. We are at this time just a seed to the eternal body. This body is not the final product. The next one is. And we have been created by God in the manner that He wants. Seeds die off, and a new life begins from that dying of the seed. So it will happen with us.
  • 30 By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me
    • Some say that Jesus could do nothing because when He came to earth, He limited himself. But I believe it is because He and God are one. How could He do anything else but what God wanted? They are one. And He wants us to be one with Him so that the same thing happens and one with each other, in Him, so that we all know what to do.
      • 1 Corinthians 6:17 But he who unites himself with the Lord is one with him in spirit.
      • John 17:11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name—the name you gave me—so that they may be one as we are one.
    • Now wouldn’t that be great! If we could get so close with the Spirit and with others who have the Spirit in them that we could do nothing outside of the Father’s will!
  • 31 “If I testify about myself, my testimony is not valid. 32 There is another who testifies in my favor, and I know that his testimony about me is valid. 33 “You have sent to John and he has testified to the truth. 34 Not that I accept human testimony; but I mention it that you may be saved. 35 John was a lamp that burned and gave light, and you chose for a time to enjoy his light.
    • In Psalms 116:11 David said that all men are liars. I have said this before. I have never met a person who has not lied.  Have you?  All men are liars.  That is not to say everyone lies all the time. But because all men are liars, or all men are sinful then Back in 17:6 God set up that no one can be put to death because of the witness of one person. There needed to be two witnesses.
    • So here is Jesus, who is the truth, knows the truth and yet is considering man and how they have been taught and is saying, I am not coming to you as the Son of God only on my word, but also on the word o John the Baptist.
  • 36 “I have testimony weightier than that of John. For the very work that the Father has given me to finish, and which I am doing, testifies that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me has himself testified concerning me.
    • He also had God as His other witness God spoke of Him verbally but also, His miraculous works spoke of God’s witness of Him.
  • You have never heard his voice nor seen his form, 38 nor does his word dwell in you, for you do not believe the one he sent. 39 You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, 40 yet you refuse to come to me to have life.
    • In verses 16 and 17 we saw that this conversation is directed to the Jews of that place and time.
      • They never heard God speak verbally to them, nor in their heart. Very sad. We need to be sure we are not like these Jews!
    • Thy studies the Scriptures and many of them could quote whole books of the Bible! They knew the words of the Bible. They studied the Bible looking for eternal life. And yet they missed it. They did not get the parts that told of the coming of Christ. They read the words, they knew He was coming, but they got a notion in their heads about how He would look, what He would do, and how He would treat the Jews and the rest of the world differently that they missed it when He did come.
      • I call this “Boxing God In”. We box Him into what we think He ought to be.
        • I have been told, “If God was good, my mother would not have suffered like she did”
        • I have been told, “God is out there, but He is not really here with us”.
        • I have been told, “If God exist and is good, He would not send people to hell”.
      • These people were told the Messiah was coming to be King of the Jews and that He would take care of the rest of the world and make it so that the Jews were above all others. They were looking for a God to poof them up, not deflate their egos!
    • So what are we expecting?
      • God has not opened up to me a clear picture of the end times. And in truth, I am glad of that If He ever decides to, I hope I can keep my selfishness out of the way! But many people are sure they know what is going to happen and in what order. So did these Jews that Jesus is talking to in these verses. So, to me, this proves we need to be very careful about thinking we  know exactly what God is going to do.
        • Do not think that I mean we should not read it, think about it, pray about it. We should, but we must always remember, we are fallible. We have that ugly part of us with us at all times. So just be careful, not to put God in a box.
  • 41“I do not accept praise from men, 42 but I know you. I know that you do not have the love of God in your hearts.
    • This love of God here translates to love toward God. This phrase is only used one other place in the Bible. Luke 11:42 But woe to you, Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and pass over judgment and the love of God. You ought to have done these, and not to leave the other undone.
    • Jesus knew the hearts of men even when He was walking the earth in human form. He knows our hearts As I read this, I am praying that He will show me the errors of my heart If I don’t love Him enough, show me. Search me and make sure that I have the love of God in me! Help me to avoid doing all the rituals that make it seem like I have love towards God without real love towards God!
  • 43 I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not accept me; but if someone else comes in his own name, you will accept him. 44 How can you believe if you accept praise from one another, yet make no effort to obtain the praise that comes from the only God?
    • Whew! I hate to say it, but we see this even today People act in a way to get praise of man We care so much about others think of us.  Many will say they don’t, but we do.  I am not sure it is even wrong.  But what IS wrong about it is if we put the praise of men above the praise of God.
      • I believe we are to praise each other and lift each other up. So if you are giving the praise, no problem as long as it is sincere and comes from a good heart.
      • But if you are receiving the praise, or looking for praise, then the problem shows it ugly face! We want some glory. We want some recognition. We want someone to think we are doing good, looking good or that we are special.
        • I am pretty sure if we could get our heads around the fact that if God praises what we do, nothing else matters, then we would not have insecurities, or cares about looking good in front of others.
  • 45 “But do not think I will accuse you before the Father. Your accuser is Moses, on whom your hopes are set. 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. 47 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”
    • Here is the rub. If you believe you can follow some laws the ones give by God to Moses) and make it to heaven, then go ahead and try. It won’t work. The law was given to show men how totally unable to be “good enough” we are. We cannot keep the law
      • So Jesus is saying, I don’t have to judge you because you have chose your judge, the law.
      • We have that choice today. We can choose to try to earn our way into heaven, to be good enough, to work hard enough if we want to, but it will not work.
        • These Jews worked very hard at obeying the law and could not do it!
      • Or we can choose the grace that Christ brought with Him in His statement in verse  24 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life.
        • Nothing more, nothing less than placing your faith in Christ.
  • 46 If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. 47 But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?”

Chapter 6

We are starting this chapter with the feeding of the 5000. It is the only story that is repeated in all 4 Gospels.  John does not usually record what was recorded in the other Gospels.

  • 1 Some time after this, Jesus crossed to the far shore of the Sea of Galilee that is, the Sea of Tiberias), 2 and a great crowd of people followed him because they saw the miraculous signs he had performed on the sick. 3 Then Jesus went up on a mountainside and sat down with his disciples. 4 The Jewish Passover Feast was near.
    • Some time after this has been about 6 months.
    • The crowds were not disciples, per se, they were people who were impressed with the miracles.
  • 5 When Jesus looked up and saw a great crowd coming toward him, he said to Philip, “Where shall we buy bread for these people to eat?” 6 He asked this only to test him, for he already had in mind what he was going to do.7 Philip answered him, “Eight months’ wages would not buy enough bread for each one to have a bite!”
    • Philip failed the test. He could only see the earthly view. He could not go into a way of thinking that could have seen that Jesus 1, did not have to buy bread, and 2, that if He had chose to buy bread, He could have made the miracle of having money.
      • He failed to look for a miracle!
      • We need to be sure we do not limit God! We need to be sure our limited thinking is not making us fail the test.
        • We should try to replace reason with faith. We do not have to be able to figure it all out. We don’t have to be able to figure anything out anything.
          • Realize that reason is the opposite of faith. Figuring out a solution is not always the solution.
        • In the other gospels we are told the disciples asked Jesus why don’t you send the crowds away They thought they knew what might be best, with Jesus standing right there!
          • We do that.. We have the Holy Spirit in us and yet we make decisions that we never ask God about. We just think we know!
            • In the end, their job was to listen to what Jesus said and to do the labor of passing out the bread. We have work to do, not so much to be the bosses, or to try to take the decision making into our own hands!
  • 8 Another of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, spoke up, 9 “Here is a boy with five small barley loaves and two small fish, but how far will they go among so many?”
    • I believe Andrew had the tiniest of faith. He saw food, he told Jesus about it even though he in his mind could not figure out what good it would do, he still told Jesus
    • Their math could not figure out how to feed the people, but the mathematics of a miracle cannot be calculated!.
  • 10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” There was plenty of grass in that place, and the men sat down, about five thousand of them. 11 Jesus then took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed to those who were seated as much as they wanted. He did the same with the fish.
    • Have them sit down, get them in some kind of order…. the opposite of chaos
    • 5000 men Not counting women and children!  And they got as much as they wanted!  Not just what they needed to not starve. They got as much as they wanted!
      • God provides our needs, but He is even more generous than that!
      • Just being near Jesus caused these people to be blessed They did not have the faith, they were just near Him, watching Him and listening to Him.
        • We can be blessed just by being near Him! But that means you have make the effort to be near Him.
          • People who have no faith, but come to church get a blessing. Saved hopefully!
          • Read that Bible. It is God’s word!  You will be blessed by it
          • Pray, you will be blessed!
          • Get close to Jesus!
        • Jesus gave thanks! For the food!  If Jesus gave thanks for the food, then what does that say for what we should do?  I am feeling a bit bad!  I forget many many times!  We just take it for granted!
  • 12 When they had all had enough to eat, he said to his disciples, “Gather the pieces that are left over. Let nothing be wasted.” 13 So they gathered them and filled twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left over by those who had eaten.
    • Jesus waited until they had had enough. In that time, it was rare to get to eat as much as you want. Jesus was in no rush. He wanted them full!
    • Jesus said don’t waste. I really was struck by this!  I know God was showing me the need to quit wasting!
  • 14 After the people saw the miraculous sign that Jesus did, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.” 15 Jesus, knowing that they intended to come and make him king by force, withdrew again to a mountain by himself.
    • People people people! We are quite dumb! We think we know things instantly!  And then we even think we can turn God into what we want. They did, We do.
    • We must realize that we have NO control over God He knows what we think He is, but He is what He is, no matter what we think!
      • We need to pray that we can see God in the way that He really is, the way He wants us to see Him!
      • We should pray that we are not stubborn in our thinking.
      • We should pray that we are not seeing God only in the way we were trained by parents and teachers. But that we see Him truthfully!
    • And when God provides a miraculous work for us, lets not turn it into a movement in our minds of how we can manipulate Him to do more for us!
    • Also, note where he went and with whom. The Mountains, alone!.
      • He showed us that everyone needs time alone with God.
      • Public service must not replace private time with God.
  • 16 When evening came, his disciples went down to the lake, 17 where they got into a boat and set off across the lake for Capernaum.
    • We learn in other Gospels that Jesus sent them. He did not hesitate to send them into a storm.
  • By now it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them. 18 A strong wind was blowing and the waters grew rough. 19 When they had rowed three or three and a half miles, they saw Jesus approaching the boat, walking on the water; and they were terrified. 20 But he said to them, “It is I; don’t be afraid.”
    • So they had just seen a miraculous event, and had dined out in the sunshine until they were full, with Jesus. A sweet, precious time had just been had. But not the storm.
      • It happens that way sometimes. Don’t be surprise in your own life it goes that way, just look for Jesus in the storm and don’t be afraid.
    • Now, I don’t know which happened first, this event or or the one in Matthew 8 where Jesus was in the boat with them and He calmed the storm. But either way, once Jesus is either called upon or let into our close personal space, the storm is taken care of.
      • When we are in the dark, in a storm, being tossed to and fro, we are in no worse spot than these disciples were. Jesus is the answer.
    • The storm is no big deal for Jesus! Deuteronomy 33:26“There is no one like the God of Jeshurun, who rides on the heavens to help you and on the clouds  in his majesty.
      • These men were miles out in a stormy sea, Paul and Silas were locked in a prison, John was exiled on an island. Jesus can get to you, wherever you are!
    • So here they are in a ship be tossed about and then they see something or someone coming at them from the sea.  Now that is scary stuff!  More scary than the storm!  Is it Satan?  Demons?  A sea monster?  They are scared!  Who would not be?
      • And then they hear the words, “It is I” or another version says, “I Am”.
        • Pop goes the fears, the Master of the storm is here! The great “I Am!”
      • We are told in the Bible, that I could find, 205 times to not be afraid!
        • Afraid = scared, frightened, worried.
        • 205 times!
        • Jesus in in you! He is on your boat! Don’t worry!
        • In the Matthew account of this it says He said, “Be of good cheer!”
          • So the song that says, “Don’t worry, be happy!” is a Biblicly correct!
  • Then they were willing to take him into the boat, and immediately the boat reached the shore where they were heading.
    • Here is what happens when you let Christ in! You are saved and taken home! Simple isn’t it!
    • The word immediately is the same word used in Mark 4:5 when the good seed was sown and immediately the seed sprang up. So there is some debate about how quick this was. I think, even if it was not the miracle type of immediate, than it at the least means, the storm stopped, Jesus was on board, and it seemed no time at all that they were on shore.  Time flies when you are having fun!  Or are happy, or safe, or with the One you love!
  • 22 The next day the crowd that had stayed on the opposite shore of the lake realized that only one boat had been there, and that Jesus had not entered it with his disciples, but that they had gone away alone. 23 Then some boats from Tiberias landed near the place where the people had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks. 24 Once the crowd realized that neither Jesus nor his disciples were there, they got into the boats and went to Capernaum in search of Jesus.
    • No rest for the weary!
  • 25 When they found him on the other side of the lake, they asked him, “Rabbi, when did you get here?” 26 Jesus answered, “I tell you the truth, you are looking for me, not because you saw miraculous signs but because you ate the loaves and had your fill. 27 Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. On him God the Father has placed his seal of approval.”
    • Their interest was that their tummies were full. Having that much to eat meant a lot more than we probably can realize.  We might not run all over the countryside to get a free lunch, but if food was hard to make, and hard to come by, we would. But we must always be on the look out for the spiritual filling and spiritual needs because they are eternal!
    • NOTE THIS! Jesus did not answer them and gratify their curiosity.  They did not need to know that. He could have told them, I walked on water, and this happened and that happened and here is exactly how it happened. But He did not. He could have, but he did not!  Why? Because Jesus focuses on what is needed. He focuses on what we need to know. And there are many things we do not need to know!  So hard for a naturally curious person like me!         
    • Placed his seal of approval! Jesus is the way!
  • 28 Then they asked him, “What must we do to do the works God requires?”
    • So I believe the people were now saying, You said we have to work for food that endures to eternal life, so what is that work? How do we work for God?  How do we do something that brings eternal life?  What work pleases God!
  • 29 Jesus answered, “The work of God is this: to believe in the one he has sent.”
    • Their question in Greek) was a plural type question. What works can we do? But Jesus answered with the singular, work.
    • It is all about faith with God. You must believe in Jesus. You must believe in Him for salvation. It is simple! It is not something about what you do.  Even believing, having faith is not a works.  Its focus is on what God did, who Jesus is, and what He did.  That is the focus.  Sometimes people turn faith into a type of works.  But real faith is like this, “By the very mercy and grace of God I am able to see Who Jesus is and what He did for me!  I don’t know how I was able, except that it is by the grace of God!”  You cannot even take credit for your faith, or it becomes a work!
      • It is not works of the flesh, works of the brain, it is faith. Believing Jesus that pleases God.
        • If you have been saved, you have pleased God because you believed in Jesus.
        • If you are still trying to over-complicate it, still trying to figure out how to please God by what you do in order to get to heaven, you have failed.
      • The work of faith is the work of God. It goes even beyond salvation. We must keep having faith even after our faith has brought us salvation.
      • Note they said works, and Jesus said work. If we believe in Him, then we will believe Him. And if we believe in Him and believe what He says, we will do it.  It always has been and continues to be all about faith!  That is the one things God wants most from us.
        • And if it were simple, the Bible would not be full of telling us to have faith, to believe.
        • We cannot expect to be mighty warriors of faith automatically. It comes from the faith God gave you, then you use that faith, build up the muscles of that faith. The more you use it, the stronger it gets.
          • When was your faith last strengthened? Most likely because it came from God answering something you had a little faith in to begin with.
            • Share examples with me if you would!
  • 30 So they asked him, “What miraculous sign then will you give that we may see it and believe you?What will you do? 31 Our forefathers ate the manna in the desert; as it is written: ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’
    • .. I believe some, at least some, of these people just saw Jesus feed the 5000! And yet they are asking for more proof.
      • We do that. We want to hear God verbally, not just spirituality. We want understanding of the Bible by a miracle instead of study. We want healing from things like addiction without any work  I am guilty of this one on my weight.)
        • What we need to be asking for is more faith. Asking God, how do I believe in you on this? How do get my worldly view out of the way and believe you?
      • Or we just get use to His blessings and want more more more. These Jews talking to Jesus forget how the people felt about the miraculous manna that was provided to them just like they forgot that Jesus just fed them.
        • Num 21:5 And the people spoke against God and against Moses, Why have you brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? For there is no bread, neither is there any water. And our soul hates this light bread.
      • And notice the proof they are wanting is more food. They were remembering that God fed the people for 40 years! At this time they are talking to Jesus, it was hard to come by remember, and food is one of the big 3 needs humans must have.
        • Food, water and shelter. Remember that when trying to tell someone about Jesus. Their first thoughts will be to these three if they are lacking in their lives.
          • Don’t try to ignore their need. And in some cases, if you do, they will not hear anything else you have to say because of their need, their focus.
  • 32 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven.
    • .. there they go giving credit to man instead of God. I don’t think Jesus was happy with that.  We cannot be real sure of His tone of voice, but it might not have sounded pleased.  On the other hand, it could have been patient and more like , “You pitiful thing, you don’t even understand the obvious.”
    • We should never give credit to man for what God does. Men are just the instruments of God.
      • Instruments can vary, too. At home, my dear hubby has several guitars.
        • Some are pretty but really do not do their job good.
        • One is ugly, I mean ugly, but it play well!
        • My favorite is not the most expensive one, it was one of the cheapest ones, in fact. But it has the most beautiful sound!
      • But all of those instruments just sit around and can do nothing but gather dust until someone picks them up and plays them.
      • We are not able to do the work of God, without the hand of God moving us!
  • 33 For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.”
    • Bread, sustenance the thing needed to live came down to give us life. The life God intended for us to have, we will have, if we believe.
    • He gave it to the world. We Christians thing sometimes he just gave it to us.  But He gave it to all.  All just do not except it.
  • 34 “Sir,” they said, “from now on give us this bread.”
    • They did not realize it at the time, and maybe we don’t always realize it today, but He did what they asked of Him. He gave this Bread in a way that we can have it from then on!
    • But they are still thinking food, I bet! Like the woman at the well, these people, and we, get caught up in what we think, and have a difficult time understanding:
      • That our first thought was wrong. We are quite stubborn really!)
      • That the more important thing is the spiritual thing, not the physical thing!
    • And if we ask this same question, but our heart is speaking of spirituality, then we would be filled for eternity!
  • 35 Then Jesus declared, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to me will never go hungry, and he who believes in me will never be thirsty.
    • Jesus does care about the physical! He healed and fed people!  Even wine!
    • But now Jesus is all about the spiritual.
    • Jesus is to the soul like bread is to the body!
      • Our soul is sustained by Him.
      • Our soul is satisfied by Him.
      • Our soul wants and yearns for Him when we are empty.
      • Our soul dies without Him.
      • Our soul sings for joy when we find Him!
  • 36 But as I told you, you have seen me and still you do not believe. 37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never drive away.
    • We will focus on the “whoever comes to me I will never drive away”.
      • Whoever is the ones who come to Him in faith.
      • He will never drive away!
        • Never! … could be a case for once saved always saved?
        • But for sure it is like a poor pitiful hungry person knocking on the door. You have a choice, feed them, or turn them away.  We are those poor pitiful hungry people and Jesus will never tell ANYONE no that comes to Him!
          • No one is too pitiful
          • No one is too bad!
  • 38 For I have come down from heaven not to do my will but to do the will of him who sent me.
    • He left heaven! Wow, why?  To do the will of God!
    • So amazing, the will of GOD is that you come to Him! For salvation, so that you can live eternally with HIM!  And we can still come everyday for that relationship here, imperfect as it is because of us, it is glorious.  So just imagine how great it will be when it is perfect!
  • 39And this is the will of him who sent me, that I shall lose none of all that he has given me, but raise them up at the last day. 40 For my Father’s will is that everyone who looks to the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.”
    • Here is a statement that confirms that God loves the individual. Sometimes it is easier to believe that God loves the whole world. He created it, He has plans for it. But here it shows us, that each person is wanted and loved by God!
    • Jesus shows here that to believe in Christ is to come to Christ. It is all about faith.
      • We need to remember that. Get it deep within us.  Bring it up in every circumstance that we are try to figure out.  With God it is all about faith.
        • If we have faith in Him, we will come to Him and be saved.
        • If we have faith in Him, we will believe everything He said and we will do it!
          • Feed the hungry.. Give to the poor, take care of the sick,
          • Pray, worship, tithe, pay taxes,
          • Give up all you have, take up your cross and follow Him.
          • Let your light shine.
          • Be in the world but not of the world.
          • Don’t be afraid, don’t worry!
          • If you stray come back, He will accept you and He will be happy!
          • Love God, love others.
  • 41 At this the Jews began to grumble about him because he said, “I am the bread that came down from heaven.” 42 They said, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I came down from heaven’?”
    • So some of them knew Jesus before His ministry began. And they were, it seems, the hardest hearts about believing in Him.
      • Why should we think people we knew before our salvation, or even before you begin a ministry, will have faith in you? They know you!  They have seen you as a kid, they have seen your sin no one saw this in Jesus!), they have seen your laziness, apathy, selfishness, and much more.
        • It is no wonder they have a hard time. So do as Jesus did. Tell them. Tell them again, and then go tell others!
          • Then pray God will send someone they will believe! Pray they will hear God speak to them in whatever way!  You don’t NEED to be THE one!
  • 43 “Stop grumbling among yourselves,” Jesus answered. 44 “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him, and I will raise him up at the last day.
    • Do you know that the word draw translates to drag?
      • So, I am very visual as many know, so I imagine a great big hand holding the back of my shirt and dragging me to the feet of Jesus. But then, I have to choose Him. I have to believe in Him.
        • How do you think God draws/drags us to Jesus?
          • Still small voice.
          • Hearing the word.
          • Circumstances bringing events about to have you in the right place at the right time.)
          • Friends and family ….
  • 45 It is written in the Prophets: ‘They will all be taught by God.’ Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to me.
    • Isaiah 60:2-3, Isaiah 54:13, Malachi 4:2
  • 46 No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father. 47 I tell you the truth, he who believes has everlasting life.
    • Pretty clear. Belief = eternal life!
  • 48 I am the bread of life.
    • One of the shortest verses in the Bible. But oh the wonder of it! Make no mistake, life, living = Christ!
  • 49 Your forefathers ate the manna in the desert, yet they died. 50 But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”
    • Strong words. We will see how they tore some people up at that time.  But guess what?  They still do.  Even when people get what He means by eats of this bread as believing and partaking … it is argued all over the world, “how can this be?”.
  • 52 Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?”
    • One of the things we need to pray for ourselves and others is that we can see the true meaning of the words we are reading. And not get caught up on just the first thing that pops in our mind!
  • 53 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. 55 For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. 56 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. 57 Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. 58 This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever.” 59 He said this while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.
    • I translate this in my heart as we must take all of Him. Every bit! He gave every bit, His flesh, His blood, His life.  We are to take all of it.
      • We have to have an appetite for Christ.
      • We have to see Him as our nourishment.
      • We can’t just say, Oh I like what He said here, but I don’t believe this part. He expects us to take all of Him!
      • Take Him into us! Deeply into to us!  Mind, body and soul.
  •  60 On hearing it, many of his disciples said, “This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?” 61 Aware that his disciples were grumbling about this, Jesus said to them, “Does this offend you? 62 What if you see the Son of Man ascend to where he was before! 63 The Spirit gives life;the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life.
    • The flesh counts for nothing! Wow if we could get this!  Jesus said it!  It is true, but we can’t hardly seem to get there, can we?  It counts for nothing.  The SPIRIT IS LIFE!  The WORDS OF JESUS ARE LIFE!
  • 64 Yet there are some of you who do not believe.” For Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe and who would betray him. 65 He went on to say, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father has enabled him.”
    • Jesus knew then and knows now. Some will not believe. But even though He knew this and who was going to betray Him and who was going to kill Him and who was going to mock Him, beat Him, laugh at Him, all of this, He still came and died for them anyway.
      • And the ones who did not believe, He came to die for. They were dragged by the Father, I believe, and the Father set the plan, simply believe in Jesus, and they did not therefore they were not able.
  • 66 From this time many of his disciples turned back and no longer followed him. 67 “You do not want to leave too, do you?” Jesus asked the Twelve. 68 Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. 69 We believe and know that you are the Holy One of God.”
    • To whom shall we go? Jesus is the only one with eternal life to offer! He is the Holy One of God!  The other people turned and walked away from that!
    • And, for me, how great it is that Peter said this. Peter messed up and messed up and messed up.  But when it came down to the ONE thing.  Peter always got it right. Salvation is from the Son of God!
  • 70 Then Jesus replied, “Have I not chosen you, the Twelve? Yet one of you is a devil!” 71 He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, who, though one of the Twelve, was later to betray him.)
    • One is the devil! Evil is a mystery.  Not fully understandable.
    • Vernon McGee had this illustration. One your paper draw a straight stick, a ruler like stick. Now draw a crooked stick.  If we all hold up our pictures the straight stick  would be straight , it is understandable. But the crooked sticks you have drawn will be different.
      • Everyone has a different opinion of evil. Everyone sees it differently
        • In all truth, that is OK, as long as we see Holy as it really is, we can be saved.
      • Judas is mysterious like that. Here Jesus calls him a devil.  Not the Devil.) A demon.  A man possessed of a demon?  Or really a demon?
      • And then the realization, that even though he knew who Judas was, He chose him.
        • Why?
          • So we could be saved. He chose the betrayer He chose death.
            • I can’t even type for the tears flowing. He loves us that much!

John Chapter 7             

We are going into the last six months of Jesus’ life on earth.  The storm is beginning.  And that storm has never stopped.  It’s climax was at the cross.  Before He was crucified it was raging about who He was and was not, after the storm it still rages about the same thing.  No one has made such an impact on the world for so many years.

  • After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders there were looking for a way to kill him. 2 But when the Jewish Festival of Tabernacles was near, 3 Jesus’ brothers said to him, “Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples there may see the works you do. 4 No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world.” 5 For even his own brothers did not believe in him.
    • Jesus did not want to go to Judea. They were trying to kill Him. He was not afraid. He would not have been killed before His time. But they were not listening and the ones who might listen could not be talked to because of the ones who wanted to kill Him.
      • We should learn from this. I believe we can learn something from everything in the Bible.  This one sentence for example.  We need to go where we can spread the Gospel.  Sure there are places that are dangerous and people should go if God sends them.  But if there is no hope in one spot and some hope in another spot, the go where there is hope!
      • In Matthew 10:23 Jesus told His disciples that if they persecute you in one city flee to another and preach there.
    • 1st, Jesus was obeying the Jewish laws. It was required that all men come to Judea to observe the Festival of the Tabernacles. This festival was a celebration of when the Israelites were led out of captivity.  They loved in tents.  Thus the Festival of Tabernacles.
      • All of these Festivals were pointing toward Christ. If you go back and examine them.  This ones shows Christ leading us out of captivity.  All the feast , per J. Vernon McGee, have been completed except this one.  It will be completed when Jesus returns to lead us out completely.
      • These brothers we are told in other Gospels, are his half-brothers. And not the ones who became part of His followers.  They were the family who had a hard time believing Him and in Him because they were raised with Him.
    • They were telling Him this in essence, If you are all that why are you hiding here in a corner. “Go show yourself to all those who believe in you and if you are such a great miracle worker go do them in front of them. Go for the fame!”
  • 6 Therefore Jesus told them, “My time is not yet here; for you any time will do. 7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify that its works are evil. 8 You go to the festival. I am not going up to this festival, because my time has not yet fully come.” 9 After he had said this, he stayed in Galilee.
    • Their time was good for them. Come go, leave stay. It would not change the world, it was not vital.  They were not being led by God!
    • They were of the world apparently. John 15:19 says the world will love its own.
    • The same verse says that if you are not of the world, it will hate you. Why?  Because just like Jesus, if you are witnessing then you are showing people to be sinners.  And who wants to hear that?  We now know, that we DO want to hear it.  But at first you just tick people off!
    • But Jesus’ time was vital and set. He had a job to do and had a time to do it. His time was precious! He had a world to save!
      • Now if you are not being let by God, what you do when is not vital. But if you are being led by God… timing matters.
        • Do we let timing matter? Or do we just go.  Or do we wait when we should go?
      • Now, Jesus, knowing everything, knew the right thing to do, no matter what anyone said!
        • But we being easily swayed by things that sound good, need to be prepared to resist things just because they sound good.
          • Sometimes the things people advise us to do sounds like the good and honorable thing to do. But if we take the time to move our pride out of the way, then we might can see it is not God leading us, but pride.
          • Sometimes people have their own hidden agenda. We must be on God’s agenda!
          • Sometimes people try to trip you up on purpose. Matthew 10:16 “I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. Therefore be as shrewd as snakes and as innocent as doves. We are not to fooled!  But we are to stay innocent.  We should see evil for evil, but still maintain love.
  • 10 However, after his brothers had left for the festival, he went also, not publicly, but in secret.
    • Everything does not need to be done openly. He came privately later.
  • 11 Now at the festival the Jewish leaders were watching for Jesus and asking, “Where is he?”12 Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, “He is a good man.”Others replied, “No, he deceives the people.”13 But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the leaders.
    • People have been debating like this over Jesus for 2013 years!
    • There are places still today that He cannot be talked about openly. I suppose you are thinking other countries.  But sadly, even in this country, our children are being taught not to talk about Him in schools!
  • 14 Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach. 15 The Jews there were amazed and asked, “How did this man get such learning without having been taught?”
    • King James says, “How knoweth this man letters, having never learned?”
      • It sounds to me they were amazed He could read at all….. but then He taught things they could not figure out how He knew.
      • Jesus is always teaching. And always amazingly so!
        • If we are to be imitators of Him, we should learn to share the gospel.
  • 16 Jesus answered, “My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me. 17 Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find out whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own.
    • 1st, Jesus is stating, it is not coming from me, but from God Almighty in heaven!
    • And then He gives them a way to verify if He is really doing this. If you  choose to do the will of God, then you will know the truth of His teachings.
      • If you want to have God make it real for you, do the will of God
        • Choose to do the will of God.
          • Matthew Henry said: “ Who they are that will do the will of God. They are such as are impartial in their inquiries concerning the will of God, and are not biased by any lust or interest, and such as are resolved by the grace of God, when they find out what the will of God is, to conform to it. They are such as have an honest principle of regard to God, and are truly desirous to glorify and please him.”
          • We have to choose to look for, seek out, hunt for, search, study do whatever it takes to find the will of God!
          • We have to want to find His will and do His will for His Glory! Not ours!
        • If we seek the will of God, then God will speak to us in His Word!

If you are reading His Word and not getting anything out of it, ask yourself who is reading the Bible.

  • The carnal man? The natural man?
    • 1 Corinthians 2:14The person without the Spirit does not accept the things that come from the Spirit of God but considers them foolishness, and cannot understand them because they are discerned only through the Spirit.
  • Jesus gave them ways to see the truth!
  • 18 Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him.
    • I believe many many people seek their own glory when speaking. When teaching. I have been guilty of it at times. I mean really, how many times do we stop and think, before speaking, if what we are saying will glorify God. But when we really seek to give God all the glory in our teachings and speech and words of any kind, then we are living in the truth. What is the truth?  Jesus!
  • 19 Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?”
    • Jesus is saying, How can you judge me when you can’t even keep the law? They were trying to live by the law.  No one could. The law is great!  It shows us we are sinners and need a Savior.  But we cannot look at the law as the test of rather someone is good or not.  No one is good by the laws standards!   We are only made good by grace!
    • These people were certainly not showing any grace! They were casting the first stone even though they were sinners!
  • 20 “You are demon-possessed,” the crowd answered. “Who is trying to kill you?”
    • Now they are just not happy at all with Jesus! He is turning the tables on them, and they don’t like it!
  • 21 Jesus said to them, “I did one miracle, and you are all amazed. 22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs), you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man’s whole body on the Sabbath? 24 Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly.”
    • First lets compare the two things done on the Sabbath.
      • A circumcision. A lot of work and drama to be done on a Sabbath!
      • Or a spoken word. Not a lot of labor.  Just a word spoken.
      • In comparison, they were being much more laborious on the Sabbath. But they were never in the mood to look at their issues!
    • He said stop judging by just the way things appear.  But judge correctly!
      • Wow can we learn from this!
      • Matthew Henry: “We must not judge concerning any by their outward appearance, not by their titles, the figure they make in the world, and their fluttering show, but by their intrinsic worth, and the gifts and graces of God’s Spirit in them.”
      • This makes me wonder just how much I, or we, would change if we got this one teaching of Christ!
  • 25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, “Isn’t this the man they are trying to kill? 26 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities really concluded that he is the Messiah? 27 But we know where this man is from; when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from.”
    • Basically they are saying…..”If they think he is the Messiah we can let them know he is not because we know him!”
      • We think we know people. They thought they knew Him!
  • 28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts, cried out, “Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true. You do not know him, 29 but I know him because I am from him and he sent me.”
    • He cried out. No always quiet or gently speaking.
    • Jesus says they know Him in the sense that they know where His body lived, but the problem is they don’t know the one who sent Him.
      • In all truth, it is not enough to just know who Jesus is. We have to truly understand who sent Him!  Without this crucial fact, He was just a man.
    • Jesus had no doubt about who He was and what He was to do!
  • 30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come. 31 Still, many in the crowd believed in him. They said, “When the Messiah comes, will he perform more signs than this man?”
    • The wold was split then over who Christ was and it is still split over who He is!
    • But many were sure because of His miraculous works that He was the Christ.
  • 32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him.
    • You know they thought they knew what was right. They thought they were tough enough to get Him. But it did not happen until God said it was time to happen.
    • God is still in control today. When it is time for us to suffer, we will, but not before. Unless we just suffer because we are wallowing in pity or something like that.
  • 33 Jesus said, “I am with you for only a short time, and then I am going to the one who sent me. 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come.”
    • King James says “but a little while”. He who had not beginning and no end was on this earth but a little while.
      • We are on this earth but a little while. What if we really really got that?
        • We would make sure our friends and loved ones knew how much we care all the time!
        • We would get busy teaching people about Jesus! No time to waste!
        • We would not fret over so many things that are temporary!
        • We would enjoy the moments, moment by moment.
        • We would not waste time worrying, hating, gossiping, on TV.
      • He says, “I go…” He does not say anyone is making Him. He is saying He is doing it!
      • He is not talking to His disciples now. He is talking to the Jews. The unbelievers. That is why they cannot go.
        • There is coming a day when unbelievers will decide to seek Jesus and it will be too late.
          • Proverbs 1:28
          • Luke 13:24-26
          • Matthew 25:11-13
    • 35 The Jews said to one another, “Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36What did he mean when he said, ‘You will look for me, but you will not find me,’ and ‘Where I am, you cannot come’?”
      • I really don’t blame them for not getting it. They never were thinking right, but also, they were human and putting the human spin on it.
  • 37 On the last and greatest day of the festival, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, “Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them.”39 By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified.
    • Jesus wanted to get everyone’s attention! It was the last day.  They may never be in earshot of His words again!  He was bold and it was urgent!  Everyone needs to hear!
    • Whoever! Any man!  Anyone!  No one is too good, too bad!  Anyone!
    • And he says to them something they have heard from scriptures to show them He is the way!
      • Proverbs 1:23 Joel 2:28 Isa. 44:3 Zec. 12:10 Isa. 12:3
    • In the time of Moses, water flowed from a rock. And they were saved by it.  Now Jesus is telling them He is that Rock.  He is that flowing water which will save them.  And not only save them but fill them to overflowing!
    • That overflowing is the Spirit! That Holy Spirit, if we allow it to be in control, will flow out to others.  We need to ask ourselves if we are holding it back?  Or, or we letting it flow where it wants.  To flow out of us, we must first be filled with it and then it goes to the overflowing!
      • How do you let the Spirit have its way?
      • Can you see in your life that same Spirit flowing out of you?
      • If you cannot answer these questions, it may be time to do some serious praying, repenting, or calling out for help from God Almighty.
        • This is the basics.
          • We must recognize the Holy Spirit in us! It is proof of our salvation.
            • Do you recognize It? I do in many ways, but some of them are;
              • I do things I would not do without the prompting of the Holy Spirit.
                • Love the unlovable
                • Teach/ministries/mentoring…
              • I hear Him speak to me when I am doing wrong or at times when I have no clue what to do. .
              • I feel Him comforting me when I am distraught or sad.
              • I know when He is pointing out God to me!
            • We must understand the Holy Spirit’s purpose after salvation is to change us into a vessel that lets the Spirit flow so that it can be beneficial to others.
              • Our salvation is not the end of it. We must let those waters flow so that others are saved, comforted, helped or whatever is brought before us.
            • The Spirit came after resurrection at the day of Pentecost. And it has flowed every since!
  • 40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.” 41 Others said, “He is the Messiah.”Still others asked, “How can the Messiah come from Galilee? 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David’s descendants and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?” 43 Thus the people were divided because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him.
    • Still today the people are divided because of Jesus!
    • But one day, that division will end and everyone will really know who He is!
  • 45 Finally the temple guards went back to the chief priests and the Pharisees, who asked them, “Why didn’t you bring him in?” 46 “No one ever spoke the way this man does,” the guards replied.
    • How powerful are the words of Christ! They even moved the very men sent to capture Him!
    • No on ever spoke this way!
  • 47 “You mean he has deceived you also?” the Pharisees retorted. 48 “Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? 49 No! But this mob that knows nothing of the law—there is a curse on them.”
    • So they could not understand what was happening so they blamed it on sorcery!
    • Now they said basically, “do you see that your surperiors, your rulers, the smart people of the world have not been believed Him?” It was like saying you are too lowly to understand?
    • But rulers did believe Him, they were just no aware of it yet.
      • 9: 18 John 12:42
    • I believe it is harder for rulers, kings, presidents, and such to believe Christ. Because they have to humble themselves.  This is not the  norm for them. It goes against everything they have been taught and that they do to maintain their power.
  • 50 Nicodemus, who had gone to Jesus earlier and who was one of their own number, asked, 51 “Does our law condemn a man without first hearing him to find out what he has been doing?”
    • Nicodemus is trying to defend Jesus here.
  • 52 They replied, “Are you from Galilee, too? Look into it, and you will find that a prophet does not come out of Galilee.”
    • They made fun of the country bumpkin kind of thing. And then they spouted that they knew the Savior would not come out of Galilee.  But they did not look deep enough. They only looked at the surface.
    • Let’s pray we are not that way!
    • [The earliest manuscripts and many other ancient witnesses do not have John 7:53—8:11. A few manuscripts include these verses, wholly or in part, after John 7:36, John 21:25, Luke 21:38 or Luke 24:53.]
  • 53 Then they all went home,

CHAPTER 8   So, 7:53 – 8:11 is left out of some manuscripts.  This really bothers people sometimes when they find this out about different scriptures.

Our English Bibles are translated from the original languages. The New Testament was first written in the Greek language. So some like Wescott and Hort omit it here but put it in at the end of chapter 8.  Others put it in, but put it in brackets.  Augustine writes it was omitted because of a prudish fear it would encourage adultery.

So how does that make you feel?  How can we believe the scriptures are “Holy” and from God if men have messed with them. If man cannot agree on them?

My first response is because the Holy Spirit reveals the truths to me! Also, why in the world would soooo many men die for a lie?   Also, nothing has affected the world like the Word.  Nothing!

Here are some other reasons: from www.holybible.com

  • The Bible’s Oneness – The Bible contains sixty-six books written by over forty different writers from differing backgrounds over a span of two thousand years. Yet from Genesis to Revelation the Bible proclaims one truth, one plan of salvation, one code of ethics. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who inspired and guided each human writer to write His Word.2) The Bible’s Indestructibility – Kings have directed campaigns to root the Bible out of their kingdoms. Emperors have declared all-out wars to destroy the Bible. Yet ever since the days of the printing press, the Bible remains the most read book throughout the world. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who is almighty to preserve His Word throughout the ages.3) The Bible’s Universality – The Bible speaks to people from all types of cultures, continents, centuries, backgrounds, languages, ages, occupations, etc. It not only relates, but it also speaks powerfully to stop sinners, renew hearts and lead people to God. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who delights to apply His Word, by His Holy Spirit, to the minds and hearts of people.4) The Bible’s Inexhaustibility – Hundreds of Bible commentaries have been written; countless sermons have been preached, and yet, new insights are continually drawn from the Bible’s limitless depths. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God of infinite wisdom and truth.5) The Bible’s Honesty – Biographical accounts of the heroes of faith in Scripture differ from human-authored biographies. Biographies written by people tend to enlarge their heroes’ strengths, minimize their weaknesses and ignore their errors. The Bible, however, honestly relates David’s, Noah’s, and Peter’s sinful failures as well as their triumphs of faith. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God of perfect honesty and integrity.6) The Bible’s Truth – Human writings attempt to minimize mankind’s sin and expand upon his goodness; they attempt to credit man with some aspect of his salvation. This appeals to people. The Bible, however, teaches that natural man is totally sinful and cannot save himself; only God’s grace can save him. The Bible exalts God to the highest and humbles man to the lowest. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God of infinite justice and graciousness.7) The Bible’s Historical Accuracy – Ancient human writings generally contain numerous errors. With expanding archeological evidence, however, biblical truths are being increasingly supported. To date, no factual evidence has been substantiated that disproves a single, biblical, historical truth. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who loves truth and is without error.8) The Bible’s Scientific Accuracy – When reading books written by authors who lived many years ago, we encounter numerous errors due to the writers’ lack of current scientific knowledge. To date, however, no scientific truth has been discovered that contradicts the Bible. The Bible, in fact, speaks of several scientific truths prior to their being discovered by man and believed by societies. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who creates, upholds and understands all parts of His creation.9) The Bible’s Prophetical Accuracy – Human predictions and prophecies generally contain a mixture of truth and error. Some prove true while others do not. The Bible is full of prophecy; but no biblical prophesy has yet been proven wrong. Why? Because the Bible is the Word of God; a God who is all-knowing, who knows the end as well as the beginning of all things.

    10) The Bible’s Personal Application – Applications of biblical truth have renewed people’s lives, granted new spiritual life, opened spiritual insights, replaced hate with love, convicted people of sin, revealed Jesus Christ as the Saviour of sinners and turned people from self-centered to God-centered lives.

Man makes man  the center of the world….the Bible makes God the center and makes man not look so good!

CHAPTER 8

 but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.

    • Everyone else went to their homes. Jesus went to the mountain.  No home?  To pray?  To rest?
  • At dawn he appeared again in the temple courts, where all the people gathered around him, and he sat down to teach them. The teachers of the law and the Pharisees brought in a woman caught in adultery. They made her stand before the group and said to Jesus, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say?” They were using this question as a trap, in order to have a basis for accusing him.
    • Jesus was always about His business! At dawn he was back in the temple courts! Teaching!
    • So here come the nay-sayers, the ones who cannot let someone else have any glory, the doubters, the scoffers, the proud…. Not only do they not listen to Him, but they interrupt His teaching! And they call Him teacher!  A sign of respect.  Luke 20:20 Using flattery to try and trap Him.
    • What they meant for bad was the best thing they could do. They brought a sinner to Jesus!!   23:27-28 They were pious and self-righteous.  Let us learn from their mistakes!  Matthew Henry said: It is common for those that are indulgent to their own sin to be severe against the sins of others.
    • She was caught in sin. In the end, it was a great thing that she was caught!  When we get caught in sin, it is terrifying, shameful, embarrassing, and miserable!  But in the end if it is brought before Jesus, it is a good thing!  It frees us from it!
  • But Jesus bent down and started to write on the ground with his finger. When they kept on questioning him, he straightened up and said to them, “Let any one of you who is without sin be the first to throw a stone at her.” Again he stooped down and wrote on the ground.
    • We don’t know what He wrote. And if we needed to we would have been told. Some think He told us in 17:13.  An interesting note is this is the only time it was recorded that Jesus wrote anything.
    • You know the crowd was staring at this woman…. Very embarrassing! Maybe Jesus stooped and wrote as to not join in the crowd of gawkers and adding to her embarrassment.
    • But what I can learn from it, is don’t be quick to speak, quick to make decisions that affect people. Take time to make wise judgments.  I do not think Jesus needed time, but He was always teaching and we are told to imitate Him.
      • So we can learn this. Take time, don’t be hasty.
      • You don’t have to answer right away. There is no law that makes you!
      • Think first. Put yourself in that position.  It will change the way you think about it.
    • Then He gives an amazing answer. He did not say she was not guilty and did not deserve punishment which was what the ones trying to trap Him hoped for). He even indicated that stoning her would be okay.  But only by the one without sin.  Only if the law was going to be followed with pure hearts, without pride, prejudice, sin and selfish reasons.  He could have stoned her according to what He said, because He was the only one there without sin.)
    • So what can we learn and apply to our lives from this?
      • By these words, we are taken out of the stone throwing business because we are not sinless.
      • If you catch someone in sin, first look at your life and judge yourself as or even more severely than you are them. You know your reasons, you don’t know theirs.
      • Every time we are tempted to judge someone else as sinning, and think we have to do something about it, stop. Put yourself under the microscope first. Whew, I can come up with all kinds of reasons not to spend time dealing with their sin!)
      • Later we will learn the right response if we are confronted with the sin of others.
      • And then he stooped down again. Maybe to let them have time to think without feeling His watching them.
  • At this, those who heard began to go away one at a time, the older ones first, until only Jesus was left, with the woman still standing there.
    • Oh let’s just put ourselves in their spot for a moment. I will go first:  I just brought a sinner to someone trying to trap and condemn Him and her at the same time.  Sure of myself.  Friends with me, believing what I believe, backing me up.  Helping me, supporting me. I am not alone in this.  I am brave and sure of myself. I am quite proud of my wit.
      • Then Jesus speaks. Everything changes. I HAVE to think differently now. I watch Him write in the dirt. I wonder if they could see what He was writing. But for my story, I will say I cannot see what He is writing.)  He has shown before that he knows the thoughts of men without even hearing them.  So of course when He said the one without sin, all my sins popped into my head!  What if He is writing down my sins?  I can’t even tell you why I did all those sins! Yet I was very sure why she did her’s. Because she is evil, bad, worthy of punishment. Am I evil? Bad? Deserving of punishment?  But I am not receiving it. Why? By the grace of God.  If I throw the first stone, what am I saying?  That I don’t sin?  I think this man knows I sin. I know I sin!  I think it best if this whole thing is forgotten!  I leave.
      • Or if I am a younger one, newer Christian for example) and I am thinking I have no clue what is going on, I was just following the leader. And then I see the older, wiser ones leave?  I surely am not going to stay and do it!  I leave.
    • Read Hebrews 4:12. The spoken word is powerful!  It cuts!  It divides!
    • Also, Psm. 90:8. Secret sin is open before Him. He may have shown them their sins were apparent to Him.
    • What if they had not thrown the stone, but stayed to be taught more by Jesus? To see Him and how He handled the woman?  They left.  We don’t want to run when Jesus is teaching! We want to be searched, cleaned, purified and forgiven!
  • 10 Jesus straightened up and asked her, “Woman, where are they? Has no one condemned you?” 11 “No one, sir,” she said. “Then neither do I condemn you,” Jesus declared. “Go now and leave your life of sin.”
    • She stayed. I cannot even imagine what was going through her mind. Her accusers left! She could have run, I suppose. But she stayed. Stayed near Jesus! She was left with Jesus alone to be her judge. So are we. Always!
    • Then He stands up to make His proclamation, His judgment. I bet she was scared!
    • When she answered Him, she was respectful and seemingly not judgmental of her accusers. She could of said, “those liars ran off!” or “Those crazy sinners ran off when they realized they were no better than me!” But she did not. She did not blame anyone else, point a finger or give any excuses. She may have even forgiven them, because she knew she was guilty.
    • And what happened? The One who could throw the stone did not. Not only did He not throw the stone, He instead gave grace!  He gave mercy!  He gave love! He gave forgiveness!
    • And then He let her know He knew she was a sinner, and told her to stop. Leave it.  Get away from it. He offers grace and then instruction to not do it again. We should learn from this!
    • Jesus did with her what He came to do for all of us. He is placing Himself between sin and us. Between what we deserve and what He has paid the price for us to receive instead!
  • 12 When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”
    • I find it interesting that this is the next thing He says after forgiving her and sending her away with an admonishment not to sin anymore.
      • To me it is like saying, “This is the way you go and don’t sin anymore, you follow the light, You walk in the light. When you are in the light you are not in the darkness. People are safer in the light! Light brings salvation.
      • Matthew Henry said, “Dan_2:22, And light dwelleth with him. God is light, and Christ is the image of the invisible God; God of gods, Light of lights. He was expected to be a light to enlighten the Gentiles Luk_2:32), and so the light of the world, and not of the Jewish church only. The visible light of the world is the sun, and Christ is the Sun of righteousness. One sun enlightens the whole world, so does one Christ, and there needs no more. Christ in calling himself the light expresses, 1.) What he is in himself – most excellent and glorious. 2.) What he is to the world – the fountain of light, enlightening every man. What a dungeon would the world be without the sun! So would it be without Christ by whom light came into the world, Joh_3:19.”
      • And He said we are to follow Him. It is not enough to see the light. To gaze at it and then choose to ignore it.
        • It is not enough to say well, there is one light but I like this pretty, easy false light that Satan shows us as the way to go. Maybe like a strobe light.  Have you ever seen a strobe light at night? It is how I imagine Satan tries to trick us into following him. He flashes just enough to make you see something clearly, but then it quickly is lost in the dark again. And when the flash happens again, it has moved. You keep trying to go the way you think is right, but when you see it again, it is in a new place and you never even saw it move!
          • To me that is what it is like to live trying to follow the world. Someone says something that sounds bright. Oprah for example is a generous woman, won over millions of people into believing she is good and kind and wonderful and knowledgeable.  That was a flash of light.  I use to watch her and think wow, she is cool!  Then there was some darkness and the next thing you know she moved.  And she started teaching people the way to go to heaven is varied.  Be kind, follow Buddha, Jesus is OK, too, but not the only way.  I wonder what kind of heaven is she talking about?  Is she talking about our God? The One true God?  And if yes, where in the world did she get this many way thing?  From Satan’s deceiving plans.
            • Now people who had not been following the Real Light of the world, people who never recognized Jesus for who He really is started following the flashes of false light that Oprah was offering. She even wrote books teaching people her way. I have often wondered what in the world convinced her that she knew the truth?  Satan surely did.
          • But when we follow just flashes of false lights, then we are mislead and are not seeing the truth.
          • Jesus has lit the world for a very long time now. And ultimately we will follow Him into heaven!
    • 13 The Pharisees challenged him, “Here you are, appearing as your own witness; your testimony is not valid.”14 Jesus answered, “Even if I testify on my own behalf, my testimony is valid, for I know where I came from and where I am going.
      • See if I had of been him, I would of gave them a what for and said, “You claim to be devout, but you cannot even hear nor speak the truth!”  But thank you Lord that Jesus is far and above wiser than we could hope to be. Much more gracious and so not prideful like I would have been!
      • He is saying, I am sure of myself. I know where I come from! I know where I am going!  Can’t we now say that!  We are not so much sure of ourselves now as we are of Him and that since we follow the light, we can see ourselves clearly and know where we are going.
  • But you have no idea where I come from or where I am going.
    • Then he says, that they were not good judges because they don’t even know where He came from. They even called Him Jesus of Nazarene.
  • 15 You judge by human standards; I pass judgment on no one.
    • They judged by the flesh. We need to be careful about how we judge. We need to judges by the Spirit.  What if we could learn to never judge someone’s actions just by what it looks like, but instead we prayed and ask God to reveal the truth to us?
      • If we would just hold judgment long enough to pray, judgment would most likely pass or change. We are instant to decide things to be true. But we must remember what the truth is, Jesus.  Anything outside of Jesus is not truth. It is just what we see, what we think.
        • I have been watching this show called brain games. And it is amazing the things we can think are true, but are not. Or the things we don’t see that are right in front of us, but we never see.
          • A simple example is one of those pictures that when you look at it you see a woman, and someone else sees a man. Both are right, but you would call the one you see the truth, until you change your perspective and see the other, Then you would know your first truth, was wrong.
          • I think I will start saying “I see it as this or that” instead of saying it is the truth. We as humans can never really know everything that is needed to know. Jesus is the truth, because He knows all. He is God, and whatever God says is the truth.
            • Have you ever thought about the power of God speaking? If He said the trees are green yesterday, but then today said the trees were blue, then the truth would be the trees are blue. I believe we would just see them as blue and never wonder why they were not green, because the truth is the truth. What God say is reality. If He says it, it becomes. Whew…. and somehow we get prideful about ourselves?
          • John 3:17. Jesus did not come the first time to judge, but to save!  Later in chapter 9 verse 39 we will hear Jesus say he came to judge but in this case He is saying He came to light the world so that people can see or not see, according to what they choose. And this is His judgment.  Not judging each and every crazy thought and person that He encounters in His first coming.
  • 16 But if I do judge, my decisions are true, because I am not alone. I stand with the Father, who sent me. 17 In your own Law it is written that the testimony of two witnesses is true. 18 I am one who testifies for myself; my other witness is the Father, who sent me.”
    • Isaiah 11:12 If He did judge, He had every ability and right to!
  • 19 Then they asked him, “Where is your father?”
    • There is none so blind as those who refuse to see! They are stuck in carnal.  They are stuck in what they were taught. They are stuck in too much pride to be able to stop and ask the right questions!  They are not willing to put aside their pride, examine what He said as in any way true. They just know they are right and there is no convincing them.
      • We need to be careful. We as Christians have an amazing tool at our disposal to use that will prevent us from making wrong assumptions if we will just use it. The Holy Spirit will guide us!  It will tell us everything we need to know. John 14:26.
      • But we also need to remember that non-Christians do not have the Holy Spirit in them. The Holy Spirit calls to them, but they have to put aside their pride and recognize their sinfulness and God’s Holiness first. So when trying to discuss Spiritual things with a non-Christian, it could be as useless and a lamp without a bulb.  You can turn the switch all you want but nothing will light up. What we need to discuss with non-Christians is salvation. Anything else, is above them. First they have to see who they are and who Christ is.  That is where it all starts!
  • “You do not know me or my Father,” Jesus replied. “If you knew me, you would know my Father also.”
    • Pride is barrier. It always is. God calls, God shows, but people think they know, but they don’t. Pride. You can only know God and Christ by humbling yourself to a lowly position.  If one cannot do that, they cannot know God.
    • 20 He spoke these words while teaching in the temple courts near the place where the offerings were put. Yet no one seized him, because his hour had not yet come.
      • Note how their hands were tied. God allowed them to speak boldly, but He did not allow Christ to be taken until the time that God has planned.
  • 21 Once more Jesus said to them, “I am going away, and you will look for me, and you will die in your sin. Where I go, you cannot come.”
    • Jesus did not stop speaking, teaching, calling and warning just because they ALL did not listen. So we should be. It seems most of the ones there were not listening. But He kept speaking. One is enough to speak for. One is enough reach. We need to be vigilant, keep going in our ministries, and always telling about Jesus even if we see no results. Because we are planting seeds. Not all seeds sprout and we don’t always get to see the sprouting, but praise God, sprouting is still happening!
    • Jesus changed His tone here it seems. It has turned into warnings.
      • He is going away. He says “I am going away” .  You are not sending me, you are not killing me, I am going by my choice..  He warns them their time is short to get what He is telling them.
      • You will look for me: Either they will look for the man and his followers who have been teaching these things that take the people’s eyes off of them, so they can stop it. Or they will look for the messiah in the wrong way, again. He was right in front of them, but they could not see. So after His death they will still be waiting for the Messiah to come. They still are!  Romans 9:31-32
      • “You will die in your sins.” Sad. People die because they are sinners. Unbelief.
      • Eternal separation from God! Rev 22:14  Blessed are they who do His commandments, that their authority will be over the Tree of Life, and they may enter in by the gates into the city.  They cannot make it. It is impossible.
  • 22 This made the Jews ask, “Will he kill himself? Is that why he says, ‘Where I go, you cannot come’?”
    • He was going where He had been instructed. To His death. Not suicide, sacrifice!
  • 23 But he continued, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world. 24 I told you that you would die in your sins; if you do not believe that I am he, you will indeed die in your sins.”
    • He is not of this world. Not at all. We are. There is a vast gulf between us. He wants to and has the power to overcome that gulf. Matthew Henry said, “Nothing but the doctrine of Christ’s grace will be an argument powerful enough, and none but the Spirit of Christ’s grace will be an agent powerful enough, to turn us from sin to God; and that Spirit is given, and that doctrine given, to be effectual to those only who believe in Christ…”
    • He is still wooing them. And any others who were listening. And continued through the ages from then to now to woo us by His words.
  • 25 “Who are you?” they asked.“Just what I have been telling you from the beginning,” Jesus replied. 26 “I have much to say in judgment of you. But he who sent me is trustworthy, and what I have heard from him I tell the world.”
    • He told them who He was, the great I AM. Isa 41:4 Who has planned and done it, calling forth the generations from the beginning? I, Jehovah, am the first and the last; I am
    • Jesus follows what God said from the very beginning! He is the WORD of God!
  • 27 They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father. 28 So Jesus said, “When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he and that I do nothing on my own but speak just what the Father has taught me. 29 The one who sent me is with me; he has not left me alone, for I always do what pleases him.” 30 Even as he spoke, many believed in him.
    • I believe this was said so that later, when He was crucified and rose, they would remember him saying this.
    • Though multitudes do not believe, many do. And Jesus kept speaking for them!
      • If we are to be followers of Christ, we must keep speaking the Truth, Jesus Christ. For the few in our lives that will listen, it is worth it! For one it is worth it.
      • And note, we don’t know who the many were. We don’t and won’t always know. But the Truth still needs spoken!
  • 31 To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. 32 Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”
    • 1st, Jesus quit talking to the nay-sayers and turned to them that were believing Him. God does not just fight against evil, He teaches, comforts, guides and loves those who believe on Him.
    • So some were believing on Him. And here comes the great debate. I admit sometimes it is confusing to me. Sometimes I think to myself, what if what I believe is wrong and you can lose your salvation?
      • Ephesians 2:8-9 A gift is a gift. It says it is not earned by works! We need to understand works. If we can do something to get to heaven by a work, then we are calling the Bible a liar.  So if you can be bad enough to get unsaved, and you have to be good enough to stay saved, it is works… something you did.  Not a free gift.
        • Right before my ex-husband adopted my son, the judge asked him if he understood what adoption means. It means this child is yours and fully your responsibility. And you can not un-adopt him. If he is a terrible kid, he is still yours. If his mom leaves you, he is still yours. You will pay child-support, he is yours.
          • That is what adoption is, permanent. God adopts us because of what Christ did. Because we believe in what Christ did. Then God said, you are mine. Do you really believe God would say one day “You are mine!” and the next day, “Oops, never mind, I did not know you would be bad!  You are not mine!”? God is not wishy-washy, He is changeless!
          • Vernon McGee said it in a way I love: “faith alone saves, but the faith that saves is not alone.”
            • You see we get the Holy Spirit of God in us and that changes us while we are here too.
          • Lets read Romans 4.
            • Rom 4:1 What then shall we say that our father Abraham has found, according to flesh? Rom 4:2  For if Abraham was justified by works, he has a boast; but not before God. Rom 4:3  For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness.” Rom 4:4  But to him working, the reward is not reckoned according to grace, but according to debt. Rom 4:5  But to him not working, but believing on Him justifying the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Rom 4:6  Even as David also says of the blessedness of the man to whom God imputes righteousness without works, Rom 4:7  saying, “Blessed are those whose lawlessnesses are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; Rom 4:8 blessed is the man to whom the Lord will in no way impute sin.” Rom 4:9  Is this blessedness then on the circumcision only, or on the uncircumcised also? For we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness. Rom 4:10  How then was it reckoned? Being in circumcision or in uncircumcised? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcised Rom 4:11  And he received a sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith while still uncircumcised; so that he might be the father of all those believing through uncircumcised, for righteousness to be imputed to them also; Rom 4:12  and a father of circumcision to those not of the circumcision only, but also to those walking by the steps of the faith of our father Abraham during uncircumcised Rom 4:13  For the promise that he should be the heir of the world was not to Abraham or to his seed through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. Rom 4:14  For if they of the Law are heirs, faith is made void and the promise is made of no effect; Rom 4:15  because the Law works out wrath, for where no law is, there is no transgression. Rom 4:16 Therefore it is of faith so that it might be according to grace; for the promise to be made sure to all the seed, not only to that which is of the Law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all Rom 4:17  as it has been written, “I have made you a father of many nations”) –before God, whom he believed, who makes the dead live, and calls the things which do not exist as though they do exist. Rom 4:18  For he who beyond hope believed on hope for him to become the father of many nations according to that which was spoken, “So your seed shall be”). Rom 4:19 And not being weak in faith, he did not consider his own body already dead being about a hundred years old) or the deadening of Sarah’s womb. Rom 4:20  He did not stagger at the promise of God through unbelief, but was strong in faith, giving glory to God, Rom 4:21  and being fully persuaded that what God had promised, He was also able to perform. Rom 4:22  And therefore it was imputed to him for righteousness. Rom 4:23  Now it was not written for him alone that it was imputed to him, Rom 4:24  but for us also to whom it is to be imputed, to the ones believing on Him who has raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; Rom 4:25  who was delivered because of our offenses and was raised for our justification.  
          • verse 5 says “To a man who does not work, but trust God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness.” Verse 16: Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace …” I believe that is very simple. Do you or do you not believe God sent a way for wicked men us) to be made righteous?  If you believe righteousness comes through Jesus dying for our sins, being raised again and that He is sitting at the right hand of God interceding for us, than how can you say, He died for me this day, but not the next. How can you say a gift was taken back? How can you say God changed his mind on you?
            • 2 Peter 1:1-12
              • Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.
              • His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. 4 Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature,having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.
              • 5 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; 6 and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; 7 and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love. 8 For if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But whoever does not have them is nearsighted and blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their past sins.
              • 10 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, make every effort to confirm your calling and election. For if you do these things, you will never stumble, 11 and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
              • 12 So I will always remind you of these things, even though you know them and are firmly established in the truth you now have. 13 I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body,
                • Note first Peter is talking to the ones with faith given through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ…. The saved!
                • Note verse 9. To me this is proof that we are to work on being good, just because we should for the love of God, but that is we do not keep in mind the glory of what He has done for us, we will fail to do them.  But it does not say we are not saved.
                • Note verse 12-13. Even Peter thought we need reminded often.  That is what I am called to do! Remind myself and remind others!
              • 1 John 2;19 Which were born, unot of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but wof God.
              • If sinning stops your salvation, who can make it? I don’t know anyone that does not sin. The following are fights against OSAS.  But when I read them, I cannot help but think who can sin not?
                • 1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.
                • 1 John 5:18 We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not; but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself, and that wicked one toucheth him not.
                • 1 John 3:6-10 Whosoever abideth in him sinneth not: whosoever sinneth hath not seen him, neither known him. Little children, let no man deceive you: he that doeth righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested, that he might destroy the works of the devil. Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin; for his seed remaineth in him: and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whosoever doeth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that loveth not his brother.
              • From Billy Graham: Some people who truly repent of their sin and receive Jesus as their Savior and Lord fall into sin and then feel that they must be saved all over again. This is not the case. The Bible says, “My dear children, I write this to you so that you will not sin. But if anybody does sin, we have one who speaks to the Father in our defense—Jesus Christ, the Righteous One” 1 John 2:1). Also, “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness” 1 John 1:9).Graham has said, “Christian conversion is the transformation which we experience when we are born of God. Since one is not born over and over again, we must think of Christian development in two phases: birth and growth. A child, for example, is born once. True, he falls down many times, but when he falls he doesn’t need to be born again. His falls, his bumps and bruises are all part of growing. So it is in the Christian life. Birth is sudden, once and for all, but development is the work of an entire lifetime. We can be converted in a moment: the precise moment that we accept Christ. But it takes a lot of prayer, Bible reading, church-going, and Christian service to make a mature Christian.”
              • I found this one under a fight against OSAS but I think it is proof.
                • Ephesians 1:3–6 Blessed be gthe God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings hin heavenly * places in Christ: 4 According as ihe hath jchosen us in him kbefore the foundation of the world, that we should be lholy and without blame before him in love: 5 Having predestinated us unto nthe adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, oaccording to the good pleasure of his will, 6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath pmade us accepted in qthe beloved.
                • Jeremiah 32:39–40 39 And I will give them one heart, and one way, zthat they may fear me * for ever, zfor the good of them, and of their children after them: 40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away * from them, to do them good; but bI will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
              • Gal 5:22; I Cor 12:3; Rom 8:14; 12:3; Acts 18:27; II Pet 1:1) Faith is given by grace.  So does God give faith graciously and then take it away?
              • Here are my bottom line bullet points!
                • If we can undo or salvation, what is grace for?
                • If we were written in the book do we get erased? By a God that never changes?
                • If sinners won’t enter heaven is the ultimate proof, then what in the world is the whole Bible saying anything for? We are sinners, everyone!
                • I have seen verses that make me wonder, or that look like an argument against OSAS. But when I read It is a gift of God not of works, then I know that, it is not of works!
                  • Works = being good
                • Phil 2:14 says it is God doing any good works in me. So how can I get credit for being good on my own strength?
                • Romans 8:15 If he adopts me and becomes my daddy does he dis-own me every time I am bad?
                • People who believe that OSAS is not true, cannot come up with where is the line you cannot cross. The verses they use include things like lying, hate, adultery.. But then they will say there are levels of sin.  Where is the level that undoes it?  No one knows.  Would God do that?  Would He leave us hanging every day?  Or did Jesus say I will never forsake you?
                • If works could make or break our eternal lives, why was Jesus needed in the first place?
                • Unconditional salvation is the only
                  doctrine giving God all the glory.
              • http://www.letgodbetrue.com/sermons/salvation/unconditional-salvation/sermon.php#p1
  • 33 They answered him, “We are Abraham’s descendants and have never been slaves of anyone. How can you say that we shall be set free?”
    • Per Mr. Gill: which is a very great falsehood, for it was declared to Abraham himself, that his seed should serve in a land not theirs, and be afflicted four hundred years, as they were; and as the preface to the law which the Jews gloried in shows, which says, that the Lord their God brought them out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; and they were frequently overcome by their neighbours, the Moabites, Ammonites, and Philistines, and reduced to servitude under them, until delivered by one judge, or another: and not to take notice of their seventy years’ captivity in Babylon, they were at this very time under the Roman yoke, and paid tribute to Caesar; and yet such was the pride of their hearts, they would not be thought to be in bondage; and therefore, with an haughty air, add,
    • Yet they sat there and declared with indignation a lie? I have seen this happen before.  Sometimes I think, man what if what I said got written down for the world to read!
    • Oh how they thought they were so important and right and how they thought Jesus did not know anything! He knew everything and they were sassing Him!
  • 34 Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, everyone who sins is a slave to sin.
    • This sounds bad, but lets look at it deeper. Deeper = studying. Not just reading.
      • I start with prayer. The Holy Spirit is the best source of truth! I pray for revelation. I pray that I will see the truth, not just what I want it to mean.
      • Then I look at the references verses that are in your Bible. Someone has done much of the work for you! I am so thankful for that!
        • Romans 6:16 Don’t you know that when you offer yourselves to someone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one you obey—whether you are slaves to sin, which leads to death, or to obedience, which leads to righteousness?
        • 20 When you were slaves to sin,you were free from the control of righteousness.
        • 1 John 3:8The one who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil’s work.
        • 2 Peter 2:19 They promise them freedom, while they themselves are slaves of depravity—for “people are slaves to whatever has mastered them.”
      • You can also look up the word in the Bible dictionary. I have downloaded a free program, e-sword. When you download it you get the King James Red + version. The plus is for the dictionary of every word. So you can look at the Greek or Hebrew word definition. These languages are very different from English. So I find it very helpful to look up the definition. For example here is the word committeth:
        • G4160 ποιέω poieō poy-eh’-o Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do in a very wide application, more or less direct): – abide, + agree, appoint, X avenge, + band together, be, bear, + bewray, bring forth), cast out, cause, commit, + content, continue, deal, + without any delay, would) do -ing), execute, exercise, fulfil, gain, give, have, hold, X journeying, keep, + lay wait, + lighten the ship, make, X mean, + none of these things move me, observe, ordain, perform, provide, + have purged, purpose, put, + raising up, X secure, shew, X shoot out, spend, take, tarry, + transgress the law, work, yield. Compare G4238.
      • In addition, I go to the back of the Bible and I look up the word that I am trying to figure out and I read other scriptures that contain that word.
      • I, also, look at the whole chapter and sometimes the whole book before I make a final judgment. The Bible is the Word of God. God is changeless the Bible tells us. So He will not change His ways. So if He is saying, those who continue to sin are slaves to sin in one place, He will not say they are not in another. What He said 2000+ years ago, he still says!
      • Then I compare it with what other things I know from the Bible. Like all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. And that even after we are saved, we sin. So then I try to figure out the meaning.
      • In the end, I determined that this verse means someone who continue to sins, plans to sin, and are determined to sin, is a slave to sin. We who have been saved are like Paul. We are bond servants to Christ. We make ourselves slaves to Him. We may sin, but it is not what we want to do. We do not plan it. We want to live free of it!
  • 35 Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever. 36 So if the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed
    • We have to keep this statement in context with the rest of what Jesus is saying. And He just got through saying that everyone that sins is a slave to sin. Then He says slaves have no permanent place in the His) family. But the one who was a slave but has been set free by the Son is now no longer a slave, but is truly free.
    • Other translations say truly free, absolutely free, completely free, really free and unquestionably free!
    • Free from what?
    • Let’s look at what free means. It means you do not have to pay any price for something.
    • So what are we not paying a price for? What was Jesus just talking about?
    • Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord
    • James 1:15 hen, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin;A) and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death
    • Romans 8:1-2 Therefore, there is now no condemnationA) for those who are in Christ Jesus, because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you free from the law of sin and death.
    • I John 1:9 that “if we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
  • 37 I know that you are Abraham’s descendants. Yet you are looking for a way to kill me, because you have no room for my word. 38 I am telling you what I have seen in the Father’s presence, and you are doing what you have heard from your father.”
    • Matthew Henry gives several translations: “My word does not take with you, you have no inclination to it, no relish of it, other things are more taking, more pleasing.” Or, “It does not take hold of you, it has no power over you, makes no impression upon you.” Some of the critics read it, My word does not penetrate into you; it descended as the rain, but it came upon them as the rain upon the rock, which it runs off, and did not soak into their hearts, as the rain upon the ploughed ground. The Syriac reads it, “Because you do not acquiesce in my word; you are not persuaded of the truth of it, nor pleased with the goodness of it.” Our translation is very significant: It has no place in you.
    • He continues with: [1.] The words of Christ ought to have a place in us, the innermost and uppermost place, – a dwelling place, as a man at home, and not as a stranger or sojourner, – a working place; it must have room to operate, to work sin out of us, and to work grace in us; it must have a ruling place, its place must be upon the throne, it must dwell in us richly. [2.] There are many that make a profession of religion in whom the word of Christ has no place; they will not allow it a place, for they do not like it; Satan does all he can to displace it; and other things possess the place it should have in us. [3.] Where the word of God has no place no good is to be expected, for room is left there for all wickedness. If the unclean spirit find the heart empty of Christ’s word, he enters in, and dwells there.
  • 39 “Abraham is our father,” they answered.
    • “If you were Abraham’s children,” said Jesus, “then you would do what Abraham did. 40 As it is, you are looking for a way to kill me, a man who has told you the truth that I heard from God. Abraham did not do such things. 41You are doing the works of your own father.”
      • You do, by your own works, father yourselves, for it is evident whom you resemble, and therefore easy to find out your origin.” As a child that is trained up with his father learns his father’s words and fashions, and grows like him by an affected imitation as well as by a natural image, so these Jews, by their malicious opposition to Christ and the gospel, made themselves as like the devil as if they had industriously set him before them for their pattern.
      • Lets change this to us, arguing that we are Christians. Do our lives prove it? Do our words prove it?  Does our training show it? Or are we like them, just depending on the fact that we live here, we go to church and Bible study, and we don’t go around killing and stealing?
  • “We are not illegitimate children,” they protested. “The only Father we have is God himself.”
    • I think that now they are getting that Jesus is talking Spiritual So they change their defense. We are children of God!  I think they really thought they were. But what went wrong was they long ago quit listening spiritually and listened via laws and rituals.
  • 42 Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come here from God. I have not come on my own; God sent me. 43 Why is my language not clear to you? Because you are unable to hear what I say. 44 You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desires. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies. 45 Yet because I tell the truth, you do not believe me! 46 Can any of you prove me guilty of sin? If I am telling the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 Whoever belongs to God hears what God says. The reason you do not hear is that you do not belong to God.”
    • All this is so scary. They could not hear God! They could not hear the truth!  They were being sons of Satan, I think, without knowing it. I think this happening widely today!
    • Lets break this down.
      • You cannot love Christ if you do not know God.
        • You cannot be a child of God unless you are a follower of Christ.
        • So lets talk about Judaism Jews believe in God. The same God we believe in. They say they do. They think they do. But I think it is like this: I have a friend who is an alcoholic I have only known her sober for quite some time. I like her, I am friends with her. But then she falls off the wagon. I witnessed it. I saw her at her worst. Now if I had never seen her at her worst, if I did not accept that part of her, then I did not really know her. I only knew what I either wanted to know, limited myself to knowing or hid myself from. I did not really know her til I saw the whole picture.
          • God is not just the God of the Old Testament If one refuses to see and get to know God fully and insist he is something He is not, then they are not friends with, a child of the true God.
        • Jesus is God. Jesus is the grace of God! Jesus is the lamb of God! Jesus is the way to God. Jesus is the son of God. Jesus is the righteousness of God shown to us. Jesus is the true representation of God. The list goes on and on. So how do you think God feels when Jesus is denied?  Persecuted! Mocked!
          • Sometimes we get all mushy and confused about the unsaved. And I am not saying that we should not. But the unsaved do these things to God and His Son. They are all given chances and they choose to call God a liar. They choose to put self before anything, including the blessings that God has planned for them. They choose to live a lie.
        • You cannot understand God. Jesus is speaking what God told Him to say. And yet they are unable to hear. Why? Because they have been told lies and choose to stay believing those lies.
          • We might want to feel sorry for them. And it is a sad thing when someone won’t hear the truth. But it is the want to part that we must keep in mind.
          • They not only heard with their ears His teachings, they saw miracle after miracle! They saw proof that He was who He said He was. But they, like everyone else has to do who comes to Christ, refused to humble themselves and admit they were wrong! Admit they are nothing!  They were special, they were children of Abraham, they were the chosen, they were right!!!
        • Here in verse 44 and in Ephesians 2:2, Matthew 13:38, and other places we are told that if you do hear Christ and believe then you are a follower of or a son of the evil one!  Very very harsh. Very very troublesome!  But it says they want to carry out Satan’s
          • What are his desires? Jesus mentions two of them, murder and lies. More are : spiritual wickedness; the lusts of the intellectual powers, and their corrupt reasoning; pride and envy, and wrath and malice; enmity to that which is good, and enticing others to that which is evil
        • These people are under the same evil influence that walked the earth in the time of Cain and Able. Satan was walking to and fro seeking to devour Cain. Cain could have resisted him, but chose not to. Instead he did is bidding and as an enemy of truth and righteousness set to killing it. They are the same as Cain. God gave them warning, they chose to appose righteousness!
        • Also, Jesus said they speak the devil’s language. They understand him. They agree with him! Satan is the father of every liar.
      • And then in verse 47, the reason you do not hear is because you do not belong to God.
        • How sad. How very very sad!
        • I have known professing Christians to tell me they do not hear God. So let’s talk about what does it mean to hear God?
          • You do not call things of Christ foolishness do you? 1 Corinthians 2:14
          • His name is near! Psalm 75:1
          • Do you wait for Him? Luke 12:36
          • Do you follow Him? John 10:4-5
          • Do you bear fruit?
            • Mat 13:13 Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they see not, and hearing they hear not; nor do they understand. :14  And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Isaiah which said, “By hearing you shall hear and shall not understand; and seeing you shall see and shall not perceive;15  for this people’s heart has become gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and they have closed their eyes, lest at any time they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.”16  But blessed are your eyes, for they see; and your ears, for they hear.17 For truly I say to you that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them;  and to hear what you hear, and have not heard them.18  Therefore hear the parable of the sower.19  When anyone hears the Word of the kingdom and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and catches away that which sown in his heart. This is the seed sown by the wayside. 20  But that which was sown on the stony places is this: he who hears the Word and immediately receives it with joy. 21  But he has no root in himself, and is temporary. For when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the Word, he immediately stumbles. 22  And that sown into the thorns is this: he who hears the Word; and the anxiety of this world, and the deceit of riches, choke the Word, and he becomes unfruitful. 23  But that sown on the good ground is this: he who hears the Word and understands; who also bears fruit and produces one truly a hundredfold; and one sixty; and one thirty.
  • 48 The Jews answered him, “Aren’t we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?”
    • This was a double insult! A Samaritan was unclean!  A demon possessed was the enemy of righteousness!
  • 49 “I am not possessed by a demon,” said Jesus, “but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50 I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51 Very truly I tell you, whoever obeys my word will never see death.”
    • First, He did not even worry with replying to being a Samaritan! That would like calling us another nationality. Why would we care if someone thought we were?  That is not even an insult!
    • But He did rebuke their insult of saying He was demon possessed. He points out, we can open our mouth in either praise and truth, or we can dishonor God with our words.
    • He tells them He is not seeking honor for Himself, but glory for God. Even Christ did not seek glory. All glory goes to the Father! They were not who He was working for, trying to glorify or please.
    • But He lets them know that God wants to glorify Him! And from that will of God, to glorify Christ, comes judgment. What does God judge us on?  On how we feel about Christ Jesus!
    • And the judgment for those who believe in Christ? No death, No separation from God, Eternal life!  What a sentence we are given!
  • 52 At this they exclaimed, “Now we know that you are demon-possessed! Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that whoever obeys your word will never taste death. 53 Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?”
    • Everyone dies they say! Even Abraham, who it seems to me they might have worshiped in a way.
    • And ironies of ironies, they were asking God Himself, do you think you are greater than all others. The answer was yes!   But they did not know it!
  • 54 Jesus replied, “If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. 55 Though you do not know him, I know him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and obey his word.
    • Matthew Henry said: “Honour of our own creating is a mere chimera, has nothing in it, and therefore is called vain-glory. Self-admirers are self- “ Chimera: A fanciful mental illusion or fabrication. )
    • Note He says my Father but to them He says your father Abraham.
    • God gets the glory. Let me say this again, God gets the glory. I feel like I ought to write this a thousand times like we use to have write sentences in school when we messed up.  I mess up by not giving Him the glory all the time!
      • Note even Jesus cannot take any glory! All of His glory He gives to the Father!
      • Pro 25:27 It is not good to eat much honey; so for men to search their own glory is not
    • Jesus said they do not know God the Father! They thought they knew God. And I believe they had some knowledge of who God was. But they did not know Him in the way they should have.
      • Many people today claim God. But are they claiming the god they have been taught? The god who lets them sin with no consequences? The god of all peace and joy and no guidance or chastisement? How about the god of he loves me and does not care what I do?  Or the god who created the world and then left?  Or the god of works required for any hope of being with him?
      • Many claim to know God. But in truth, you cannot know God up to the point you like and stop, like the Jews do. They quit believing God when He sent Jesus.
      • Anyone who really knows God and hears Him, will know Christ for who He is.
        • Rom 10:3 For they, being ignorant of God’s righteousness and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves to the righteousness of God.
      • Jesus says He cannot say He does not know the Father.
        • Sometimes we skim over things and miss some lessons we could have if we just look closely, think about each sentence, ponder it. And when Jesus talks…. every word is a lesson!  He came to save us, and to show us how to live one this earth!
        • So we learn from Him, we cannot deny God. It is wrong. We would be liars! Can we deny God’s grace to us?  Can we deny God’s love for us?  Can we deny His patience with us?  Not without being a liar!
  • 56 Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.”
    • We look at this and say, yep, we get it. But lets examine it a bit closer so that we can be sure we get all of it.
      • He rejoiced, ēgalliastohe leaped at it.
        • He looked for it, tried to get it! Like Zacheaus ran and got up in a tree to see Jesus, Abraham longed for it!
        • 1Pe 1:10 About which salvation the prophets sought out and searched out, prophesying concerning the grace for you;
      • How did he see it?
        • Heb 11:13  These all died by way of faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off. And they were persuaded of them and embraced them and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth.
        • Matthew Henry wrote: “Christ knew what Abraham saw better than Moses did. But there are divers things recorded in which Abraham saw more of that which he longed to see than he did when the promise was first made to him. He saw in Melchizedek one made like unto the Son of God, and a priest for ever; he saw an appearance of Jehovah, attended with two angels, in the plains of Mamre. In the prevalency of his intercession for Sodom he saw a specimen of Christ’s intercession; in the casting out of Ishmael, and the establishment of the covenant with Isaac, he saw a figure of the gospel day, which is Christ’s day; for these things were an allegory. In offering Isaac, and the ram instead of Isaac, he saw a double type of the great sacrifice; and his calling the place Jehovah-jireh – It shall be seen, intimates that he saw something more in it than others did, which time would produce; and in making his servant put his hand under his thigh, when he swore, he had a regard to the Messiah.”
          • Jahova appeared to Abraham.
        • Or Abraham is alive and well in heaven and can see now. But the past tense usage in the verse leads me to believe otherwise.
  • 57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
    • I guess it would be confusing to them. But I am thinking His disciples on hearing this would not just completely refuse to believe what He said because they knew what He could do. But still all in all, it see where it  was hard for them to understand.
  • 58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
    • Here is His profession of His deity! He was from all time! He is not saying He was born before Abraham. He is saying, I existed before Abraham.
    • I AM! He was, He is, and He will always be the great I AM!  Abraham was.  Jesus is!
  • 59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
    • They thought He was crazy! It was and is a hard concept for we mere mortals to understand!  No beginning and no end is difficult for us to understand because in this world, everything has a beginning and and end. But guess what!  We don’t have an end either! Praise God!

 Chapter 9

  • And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.
    • This is a perfect example of how we need to learn to only see chapters and verses as something later added by man to make following the scriptures easier.
      • Most people believe that the chapter markers came about from where someone was teaching from the book and stopped and marked where to start. Or someone broke it up into time efficient teachable chapters.
      • The books were written in a continual story like fashion.
      • Some people believe this is another day, but if you look at the rest of John he was pretty plain about when it was. He would say, “the next day”, or “On the third day”.
    • Also let us note that Jesus just left a moment in time and a place where people were trying to kill Him! But did He take time to bemoan that fact?  Did He take time to recover? Did He complain to those around first?  Nope, He just went about doing the work He was here to do.  We could learn from that one sentence!
      • Henry said; “We make more haste than good speed when we out-run opportunities of doing good. “
      • Jesus saw him, differently than the others around him who saw him.
      • If we want to be like Jesus, we need to take time to do good as we pass by. We can never think we are too good, too busy, have too much to do or are too tired to do good for someone else.
      • Jesus helped people and loved people who did not even ask for help with their mouths.
        • Isa 65:1 I am sought by those who asked not for Me; I am found by those who did not seek Me. I said, Behold Me, behold Me, to a nation not calling on My name.
        • People just know they need something bigger than them. And that is Christ! And God is not so distant or aloof that He does not care about the ones who do not seek Him. He calls to everyone, “I see you, See Me, see ME!”
      • Now lets think about the man. Blind from Birth.  What do you realize about him as you think about it?
        • He never saw light. Light is a good thing. He never saw it. He ate in darkness, spent day after day and year after year in darkness.
        • The thought of seeing was just a dream for him. And it was not really a realistic dream. He was curious about what all the other people could “see”, but in all truth, how do you explain such a thing to a person who never saw anything? Light, color, what people looked like…. shapes?  All just an imagination thing for him.
      • But Jesus sees this. Don’t miss the fact that the Light of the world gave light to this man!
  • 2 And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?
    • I believe the people who followed Jesus at this time and they always did), knew Jesus could heal. But they did not start with the question of “Will you heal him??! That would have been the charitable thought.
    • Instead their uncharitable thought of calamity. This idea that sin was the cause of sickness was a common belief at the time. But it is curious as to why? Because they had the old testament and it had Job’s story. Now Job is a perfect example of calamity on a life is not necessarily the result of sin. like saying its his own fault)
    • Their uncharitable curiosity could have been the reason they asked. Oh look at him, I wonder what he did!  like gossip)
  • 3 Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
    • Jesus does not always answer the Pharisees and people apposed to Him, but He is faithful to answer and teach His followers. Isn’t that glorious!  He will answer us, He will teach us!
    • So here is the thing, sickness, problems or suffering are not always punishment for sin.
      • I find it curious that people still think if someone is having a life filled with suffering that it must be because they are non-repentant of something. I do believe it is prudent to ask God to show you if there is something He is trying to show you needs corrected if you are in the midst of suffering. But that is not always the answer.
        • Jesus did not sin, but suffered! That should be proof enough for everyone that the good suffer. None of us are too good for suffering.
      • And even though it may be hard to take, suffering is allowed by God so that He can be glorified in it.
        • I thought about this in different ways trying to comprehend it. And this is my conclusion.
          1. This life is but a moment no matter what we feel.
          2. Even thought suffering hurts, if we can grasp that God getting glory is what we were born to do means we have done what we were created for. We did not live our life in vain! We glorified God!
          3. Many times when God gets the glory, another soul is saved. This man not only got to grasp the full awesomeness of the power of God, but others who saw were changed by it!
          4. Sometimes our lives are like books we have read where you read and read and read but it does not make sense until the end and then you are amazed!
  • 4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
    • Jesus had work to do. This week in Sunday School we learned we were created to work. Even in Eden, they worked. In heaven it says we will serve.  We are meant to work. And I believe we are meant to do specific works along with usual work of maintaining life. God had a plan for Jesus on this earth. He has a plan for us too.
      • Now Jesus was God and had all the attributes, characteristics and personality of God. We are made in His image, yet He makes us all different.
        • But our differences are what help us know what is our work. There are people who are shy and do work behind the scenes. There are some outgoing who will do whatever in front of the world. Some are soft spoken and are given to comforting others, Some are blunt and outspoken and are given to teaching and rebuking others. But whatever our personality, we have to listen to the teaching of the Holy Spirit and sometimes that makes us come out of our comfort zone.
      • Jesus did not just talk about His work. He in this verse does talk about it, but He was continually doing His work. There was no occasion when He was among people that He said nope, too tired, or nope, I don’t feel like it, or nope, I have other plans! Let us learn from Him!
  • 5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.
    • He lit the way while here on earth! He showed us the right path.  He shown light like a flashlight on a dark path, He lit up the right path to follow, showed us the stumbling blocks, He exposed the creatures of the night and how to avoid them, He showed the pits that evil digs to try and trap us, He shined His light on the faces of those who are His so we can recognize them and those who are not so we can tell them about Him. His light was lit while He was on the earth, but the earth is still aglow with it!
    • And if you think about it. Without light there is no sight. We cannot see without Him lighting the way. He has lit it and left signs for us to follow. We need to just study the manual and ask for the light of the Holy Spirit to guide us where we cannot find exact instructions in His word.
  • 6 When he had thus spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and he anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay,
    • Why use clay and spittle?
      • Barnes writes: One is, that the Jews regarded spittle as medicinal to the eyes when diseased, and that they forbade the use of medicines on the Sabbath. They regarded the Sabbath so strictly that they considered the preparation and use of medicines as contrary to the law. Especially it was particularly forbidden among them to use spittle on that day to heal diseased eyes. See instances in Lightfoot. Jesus, therefore, by making this spittle, showed them that their manner of keeping the day was superstitious, and that he dared to do a thing which they esteemed unlawful. He showed that their interpretation of the law of the Sabbath was contrary to the intention of God, and that his disciples were not bound by their notions of the sacredness of that day.
      • The other could be just to show us to use what is at hand to do the work.
      • Or He could be showing that He is not limited to one way of healing.
  • 7 And said unto him, Go, wash in the pool of Siloam, which is by interpretation, Sent.) He went his way therefore, and washed, and came seeing.
    • The blind man had not asked to be healed. But now he had to do what Christ said to be healed. He had to have faith it would work.
    • He did as Christ instructed and he was healed. He could see. I believe in our lives if we do what Christ instructs with faith, we will be healed, we will see clearly!
  • 8 The neighbours therefore, and they which before had seen him that he was blind, said, Is not this he that sat and begged? 9 Some said, This is he: others said, He is like him: but he said, I am he. 10 Therefore said they unto him, How were thine eyes opened?
    • And as usual here come the naysayers, the doubters, the accusers, the blind, the arrogant, the   They see the miracle!  They see it!
  • 11 He answered and said, A man that is called Jesus made clay, and anointed mine eyes, and said unto me, Go to the pool of Siloam, and wash: and I went and washed, and I received sight. 12 Then said they unto him, Where is he? He said, I know not.
    • They want to know how it is done!
  • 13 They brought to the Pharisees him that aforetime was blind.
    • I wonder if they brought him to the Pharisees to show them the miracle out of awe and wonder, or to accuse the one who healed?
  • 14 And it was the sabbath day when Jesus made the clay, and opened his eyes. 15 Then again the Pharisees also asked him how he had received his sight. He said unto them, He put clay upon mine eyes, and I washed, and do see.
    • This is an interrogation. Or it was a how can this happen? It could not!  So he must be lying!
  • 16 Therefore said some of the Pharisees, This man is not of God, because he keepeth not the sabbath day. Others said, How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them.
    • There was division among them. We tend to think that they were altogether on this campaign against Jesus. That they were all unable to even recognize the miracles! But some did!
  • 17 They say unto the blind man again, What sayest thou of him, that he hath opened thine eyes? He said, He is a prophet.
    • 18 But the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind, and received his sight, until they called the parents of him that had received his sight. 19 And they asked them, saying, Is this your son, who ye say was born blind? how then doth he now see?
    • Still considering it unbelievable! Someone must be lying.
  • 20 His parents answered them and said, We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind: 21 But by what means he now seeth, we know not; or who hath opened his eyes, we know not: he is of age; ask him: he shall speak for himself. 22 These words spake his parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue. 23 Therefore said his parents, He is of age; ask him.
    • They were afraid because of their anger and power. It is not easy to stand up to people who have the power to evict you!.
  • 24 Then again called they the man that was blind, and said unto him, Give God the praise: we know that this man is a sinner. 25 He answered and said, Whether he be a sinner or no, I know not: one thing I know, that, whereas I was blind, now I see.
    • I love this! He was not going to be dragged into agreeing with them, or was he going to drift away from the truth just to satisfy their demands, and persuasions!
    • All I know is he healed me! Can’t we say that?  Sometimes I want to just say to people who question my faith!  I know it had for you to understand, but I know what I know!  He saved me!  He healed me from my death sentence!  He lives in me and I know it.  I might not can explain it to you in words that are scientific enough for you, or believable enough for you, but when He speaks to me I hear, when He wells up inside of me, I know He is there!
  • 26 Then said they to him again, What did he to thee? how opened he thine eyes? 27 He answered them, I have told you already, and ye did not hear: wherefore would ye hear it again? will ye also be his disciples?
    • Oh snap! Oh no you didn’t!  Oh boy are you in trouble now!  But guess what?  He might not care.  Even if they imprisoned him, he would be able to see!  He was no longer in darkness!
    • All I can tell you is when I believed, I was changed!
    • All I can tell you is I know that I know that I know there is a God who loves me enough to send His son to die for me. And that same Son rose again and is sitting on the right hand of God interceding for me! Praise God!
  • 28 Then they reviled him, and said, Thou art his disciple; but we are Moses‘ disciples. 29 We know that God spake unto Moses: as for this fellow, we know not from whence he is. 30 The man answered and said unto them, Why herein is a marvelous thing, that ye know not from whence he is, and yet he hath opened mine eyes. 31 Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man be a worshiper of God, and doeth his will, him he heareth. 32 Since the world began was it not heard that any man opened the eyes of one that was born blind. 33 If this man were not of God, he could do nothing.
    • Here we go again! Here is an insignificant man in society. One who only could beg before to be able to live. Now he is standing before the mighty men of the world and what does he do?  Back down?  Be quiet? Lie?  Nope, he is amazed that they cannot see the good and great wonderful thing that has happened.
    • He does not let them damper his excitement! He does not allow them to take away his joy! He is going to be grateful no matter what they say!
    • And he is amazed they cannot see the miracle as a miracle from God!
  • 34 They answered and said unto him, Thou wast altogether born in sins, and dost thou teach us? And they cast him out.
    • Oh my! Do they think they were not born in sin????  Wow! How arrogant!
    • Pride! It blinds!  It pushes away the truth and lies to us! We need to check ourselves always. Is pride telling us a lie?  Can we even see ourselves truthfully? Are we pushing away people who just do not “get it” like we do?
  • 35 Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when he had found him, he said unto him, Dost thou believe on the Son of God?
    • I find this most interesting in so many ways!
      1. Jesus sought him out. He went and found him. He was not finished with him yet, so he waited until the man was released and then got up and went to him. The Son of God!
      2. We know this, but we need to get it deep into our souls….physical healing is not enough!It is not the MAIN thing! It is wonderful, exciting, glorifying to God, but it is not enough.
      3. This man had just stood up for Jesus and Jesus went to find him!
      4. The man was berated and abused at least verbally. But Jesus had a good plan for him!
        1. Psa 103:6 Jehovah works righteousness and judgment for all who are pressed down.
        2. And the basic question He ask the man is do you believe ON the Son of God.
    •       First the man had just confessed to the authorities that he believed in God.          But Jesus knows that is not enough so He is offering him salvation.
    •      Also, believe on verses believe in:
      • Christ had not died and paid for sins yet. He had not sent His Holy Spirit yet. So what Jesus is asking the man is do you believe the scriptures that have foretold of the Son of God?
      • Another is believing on to me is like standing on. People will stand or fall based upon what they have placed their beliefs on.

36 He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him?

    • Mat 13:11 He answered and said to them, Because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them.
    • Mat 13:12 For whoever has, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance. But whoever does not have, from him shall be taken away even that which he has.
      • Now if you read this verse in context, Jesus said this right after he talked about the Sower planting seeds and some fell on bad soil and some fell on good and produced fruit. Someone asked Jesus why do you talk in parables and he answered with these verses.
        • Who is it given to to know the mysteries of Heaven? The believers, the followers of Christ.
        • And beyond know the mysteries He adds whosoever has will have more. Has what? Faith enough to produce fruit.  Belief that stands.
          • Mat 13:19 When anyone hears the Word of the kingdom and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and catches away that which was sown in his heart. This is the seed sown by the wayside.
          • Mat 13:20 But that which was sown on the stony places is this: he who hears the Word and immediately receives it with joy.
          • Mat 13:21 But he has no root in himself, and is temporary. For when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the Word, he immediately stumbles.
          • Mat 13:22 And that sown into the thorns is this: he who hears the Word; and the anxiety of this world, and the deceit of riches, choke the Word, and he becomes unfruitful.
          • Mat 13:23 But that sown on the good ground is this: he who hears the Word and understands; who also bears fruit and produces one truly a hundredfold; and one sixty; and one thirty.
        • This man had faith in God. He knew it was from a loving God that He received his sight. He had a little faith. And Jesus came to find him, I believe, to tell him the rest of the story so that he was given more! He was given the whole story!  He was given the full truth!
        • And this man is ready. He wants to know who is He!
  • 37 And Jesus said unto him, Thou hast both seen him, and it is he that talketh with thee.
    • No beating around the bush here. Jesus is saying first you have seen Him.
      • The man could not have seen Him if Jesus had not healed him!
  • 38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshiped him.
    • And he believed! Glory!
    • But he did not stop with just believing. He worshiped him. It is not enough to believe, as in saying yes, Jesus was the Son of God. You have to believe to a point that you realize He is Lord!
    • We don’t hear anymore about this man in the Bible. But we heard what we needed to about him. He was blind, but then Jesus saw him, had mercy on him, healed him and then showed him the truth of salvation. And by this he was saved!
      • I believe that those who believed in the Christ to come were saved upon Christ death and resurrection. If not, how is Abraham in heaven?
  • 39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.
    • He uses seeing here, right after healing the blind man.
    • You see, the Jews thought they saw the truth. They really did start off with the truth of God and His Law. But as time went by they perverted it. They changed it. They lost sight of all the promises, and prophecies of the Messiah to come. They believed they saw the truth! But what they ended up believing is that they could be good enough to make it to God. And that is the lie. The big lie that makes us blind.
    • They thought they were the ones safe. Jesus came to show that the one who is humbled enough to just put all faith of reconciliation with God in the Son of God is the saved one.
    • He opened the eyes of sinners and that closed the eyes of the pious.
    • Jesus came into this world with a straight line drawn in the sand. On one side is man putting their faith in Jesus and on the other is man putting their faith in man. And now that he came, everyone stands on one side of that line. That line is the judgment line.
  • 40 And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also?
    • Only some of them got that he was talking about them. And they ask, are you saying we are blind?
  • 41 Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.
    • If you are blind, you know you need help. You need led. You do not know the way without someone showing you. You reach out your hand for a Savior.
    • But if you think you can see, you do not need a savior. Simple as that.

CHAPTER 10

  • 1“Very truly I tell you Pharisees, anyone who does not enter the sheep pen by the gate, but climbs in by some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2 The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd of the sheep.
    • Anytime the bible says Verily verily, or very truly, you need to perk up and pay special attention. It is like Jesus saying, this is one you out to make sure you understand!
    • And then look here, the Pharisees can not deny that Jesus is talking to hem now!
    • So now Jesus is telling them and us and everyone how He sees us. This is not a new thing for the Pharisees to hear about men being called God’s sheep.
      • Eze 34:31 And you My sheep, the sheep of My pasture, are men, and I am your God, says the Lord Jehovah.
    • His sheep! Why sheep? Let’s look at the way of sheep.
      • Not violent, harmless. Quiet. Calm most of the time. A flock, not loners, sociable with each other. Patient while being sheared. Know their Shepard, trust him, comes when He calls (like a dog does today, sheep did then), Does not trust anyone else like she trust her Shepard.  Prey of wolves!
    • The Shepard is God. Psalm 23:1
      • Matthew Henry says: He knows those that are his calls them by name, marks them for himself, leads them out to fat pastures, makes them both feed and rest there, speaks comfortably to them, guards them by his providence, guides them by his Spirit and word, and goes before them, to set them in the way of his steps.
    • Now the gate:
      • The pen in that time was usually just rocks piled together to pen the sheep in. An opening was left for them to get in and out of. The shepherd laid in the opening becoming the gate. If you come in, you come in by the gate.
      • Now in that time thieves would climb the walls and grab the sheep. They had to be sneaky. And go in another way besides the gate. And the sheep would not follow them. They had to wrap them up and carry them or drag them or deceive them.
  • 3 The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
    • You can only go in and out safely through the gate.
  • 4 When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them, and his sheep follow him because they know his voice. 5 But they will never follow a stranger; in fact, they will run away from him because they do not recognize a stranger’s voice.”
    • Once the gate opens up for the Shepherd, the sheep will go out and follow him.
    • The Shepherd prepares the way and goes first.
    • The sheep will NEVER follow a stranger. Once a sheep knows her Shepherd, she only trust Him. The voice, the spoken word, of the Shepherd is what a sheep listens too. If they are in the back they may not can see Him, but they can hear Him, and they know His voice.
      • Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
      • I consider this another “once saved always saved verse”
  • 6 Jesus used this figure of speech, but the Pharisees did not understand what he was telling them.
    • They did not get it.
  • 7 Therefore Jesus said again, “Very truly I tell you, I am the gate for the sheep. 8 All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep have not listened to them. 9 I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved. They will come in and go out, and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy; I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.
    • Here is another I AM. He says clearly that He is the gate for the sheep.
    • Those who tried to sway His sheep to come into another way were robbers. There is only one gate. No back door!
    • He is the gate and he offers salvation. The sheep went through the gate willingly because they knew where their safety lay. Behind the gate!
    • The sheep like that safety, but they will go out into the world by following the Shepherd. Go out through the gate. Rest behind the gate. Go out and drink and eat where the shepherd leads, but come in and get some grace and rest when He says too.
  • 11 “I am the good shepherd The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
    • Here is another “I AM”. Jesus has gone quickly from being the door to the shepherd. He is our everything!  And He wants us to know it!
    • Good shepherds risks death for their sheep. Jacob did, David did when he slew the lion and the bear, Jesus did and then Paul did. That is what good shepherds do!
      • Act 20:28 Therefore take heed to yourselves, and to all the flock in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to feed the church of God which He has purchased with His own blood.
    • Matthew Henry says; “Jesus Christ is the best of shepherds, the best in the world to take the over-sight of souls, none so skilful, so faithful, so tender, as he, no such feeder and leader, no such protector and healer of souls as he.”
      • If you think about it, who else would you want to lead you?
  • 12 The hired hand is not the shepherd and does not own the sheep. So when he sees the wolf coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it. 13 The man runs away because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep.
    • The hired hand is not as in love with the sheep as the shepherd. He is hired for money. And when trials come (wolves) the hired hand is going to run! Who cares about those stinky sheep!
    • And we have pastors, teachers and mentors that are trying to shepherd us too. They might not be bad shepherds, but they are all very weak shepherds compared to the Great Shepherd!
      • Have you ever noticed that many many many of the people with a flock, are not hired by money? They just love their flock. Even pastor’s who get paid, mostly get just a bit of money that does not come anywhere near the troubles they encounter. Most little shepherds with flocks, do so because they love the flock. Why? Because they have the Holy Spirit of God in them. They have the spirit of the great Shepherd!
      • We can always know that we have THE greatest Shepherd. Bigger and badder than any wolf who tries to scatter us or devour us!
        • But I have seen flocks put too much faith in the little shepherd. I believe we must be careful about this. A pastor, teacher or mentor  is not  the the Great Shepherd. He is just a little one. Lets give him a break if he messes up, and not put him or her on a pedestal, which is idolatry!
  • 14 “I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me— 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father—and I lay down my life for the sheep.
    • Jesus knows us! And we know Him. He recognizes us and we recognize Him! He hears us and knows that voice, and we His!  It is a relationship!  Oh how the world misses out on this great truth!  We have a loving relationship with the Son of God! The great Shepherd!
      • How do you think a this relationship happens between the shepherd and his sheep? Do you think it is just an automatic thing?  They are introduced to each other and then boom the sheep love the shepherd?
        • The shepherd tends to his sheep. He feeds them, he checks them out to find any sickness or cuts or wounds and then he tends to them. He talks to them. He stays with them, sleeps with them, protects them and I think he even sings to them (David did) a beautiful song! He is mindful of them and visits them. And he Protects them!
        • This is what Christ does for us. He communes with us and lives with us via the Holy Spirit. He checks us out and works on healing any wounds we have. If we are sick He tends to us. If we wander off He leads us back. He sings love songs to us, He speaks to us in a gentle loving voice! He protects us!
      • And the sheep know him!
        • Jesus knows us first. He loved us first. Then we knew Him and loved Him!
      • As the Father knows Jesus and as Jesus knows the Father, so Jesus knows us and we know Him!
        • How do the Father and the Son know each other?
          • They are one! They know everything about each other. No secrets, no mysteries, nothing is hidden.
            • So Jesus came to walk the earth, to have Himself become an open book that we could know Him! Really know Him!
            • And He even gave us the Holy Spirit to remind us of all things about Jesus!
          • If you do not know Jesus, there is a problem. He is the Word! Read the Word, study the Word, know the Word! Listen to the Holy Spirit! He does not want to be a stranger, He does not want to be an acquaintance, He wants you to know Him completely!
        • And He wants us to know, He planned and followed through with, loving us so much that he died for us! To be with Him!  He wants a close loving relationship!
  • 16 I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd.
    • You know Christ first called to God’s chosen people the Jews. But He wanted them to know that they were not His only people. He has more! Us!  At this point in history, we had not been called into the flock and introduced to the shepherd.  But that day had arrived. And Jesus is making it clear, we are one people. Jews and Gentiles. All one!  All His!
      • We need to remember this today we we try to say other religions are not His. They might not be trusting Him and believing Him, but none are excluded. I am so sure when the Jews realized that God was going to include THOSE other people, they were shocked!
  • 17 The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life—only to take it up again. 18 No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again. This command I received from my Father.”
    • Jesus, fully man, fully God, came for a purpose. The purpose that was decided before the beginning of creation. Humans would be created in God’s image, knowing full well they would fall into sin and stay there. Knowing full well that they would be wretched and lost and absolutely unable to save themselves. Knowing full well He would send a part of Himself to pay the cost the cover up that sin and make them able to live with Him in glory forever! God knew this. Jesus knew this.
    • He also knew it was not enough to die for us, but He had to rise again. He had to be fully God! He had to let us know that we are without power to raise ourselves from the dead, but He is not! He can and will accomplish it!
    • He was both the offerer and the offering! He was both the one who died and the one who lived!
  • 19 The Jews who heard these words were again divided. 20 Many of them said, “He is demon-possessed and raving mad. Why listen to him?” 21But others said, “These are not the sayings of a man possessed by a demon. Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
    • It is almost easy to forget that Jesus had just healed a blind man from birth before He started speaking these words we have been studying.
    • Some thought, I don’t care what He just did, He is crazy. Others thought, I see what He did, so maybe I should listen.
      • We could be that blind man today to the world. We could be the walking miracle! Some will not care. But some will !!  How exciting!
      • But the world will always be split!
  • 22 Then came the Festival of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was in the temple courts walking in Solomon’s Colonnade. 24 The Jews who were there gathered around him, saying, “How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Messiah, tell us plainly.”
    • Now we have moved on. John is good about telling us these things.
      • Solomon’s colonnade was a building built well after Solomon’s time but on the same spot that Solomon built.
    • Here is Jesus in the temple again. Jesus went to church a lot! He seems to be minding his own business when he is surrounded by distracters.. Right in the middle of church!
      • I have had that happen.
        • Either we are all in our worship mode then someone sideswipes us with either some petty thing, some gossip, some headache or toothache. Our minds are quick to jump away from worship onto the mundane. Isn’t that sad.
        • But not so with Jesus.
  • 25 Jesus answered, “I did tell you, but you do not believe. The works I do in my Father’s name testify about me, 26 but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one will snatch them out of my hand. 29 My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. 30 I and the Father are one.”
    • Jesus stays focused on His ministry. Always!
    • He is talking about His sheep again. He has said it more than once! We are His sheep!  He owns us. He loves us, We love Him. We trust Him.
    • But then He goes further. He says He gives us eternal life. No beating around the bush!
      • He gives it! It is His to give!
      • Eternal life! Forever! No perishing!  He wants to spend forever with us.  Now I love me some Darrell.  But for us to spend eternity (because think about it, how long it is… unfathomable) together, God is going to have to make us perfect!  But Jesus knows how we are, and how we will be.  And He loves us and wants to spend forever with us!
    • Are you someone? Are you someone just like I am someone? This verse says no one can pluck us from His hand!  To me, this means not even me! I think Jesus knows I would mess it up.  So He fixed it!
      • But, also, no devil, demon or or any other person! YAY!
    • So now, Jesus tells us God has us too. And that He is God. All that power. Who is going to pluck us out of the One who created everything by speaking!
  • 31 Again his Jewish opponents picked up stones to stone him, 32 but Jesus said to them, “I have shown you many good works from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?” 33 “We are not stoning you for any good work,” they replied, “but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.”
    • Oh how sure they were they were right! I find that scary! I pray I don’t every think I am right and not listen to the Word!  Hear the Word!  Trust the Word!
  • 34 Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are “gods”’? 35 If he called them ‘gods,’ to whom the word of God came—and Scripture cannot be set aside— 36what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son’?
    • Some people think Jesus is trying to talk himself out of trouble. But I don’t think Jesus needed to talk himself out of trouble.
    • I believe He was showing them how silly their little thoughts and laws were and how they can justify their own selves with one thing, but then use against someone else when they want to.
      • It is called being a hypocrites.
    • Barnes said, “Jesus answered them – The answer of Jesus consists of two parts. The first Joh_10:34-36 shows that they ought not to object to his use of the word God, even if he were no more than a man. …”
  • 37 Do not believe me unless I do the works of my Father.
    • So here is God saying don’t even believe me just because of what I say, believe me because of my works.
      • Love is action.
      • Words coming out of someone’s mouth is not proof.
      • Hypocrites say a lot of things that sound good. But are not.
    • Now with Jesus, everything He said was truth, because He is the truth. If He says it it is true.
      • If God said the sky is brown, then the truth would be it is brown. We would see brown. Reality is based on God. Not on what we think, say or believe.
    • If Jesus said we should not believe Him unless His words are followed by works, how much more so should we be careful about the following two things:
      • Believing others with no works to show.
        • If someone just walks up to me and says she is a missionary and I need to support her ministry, I need to have some works to see to prove it. We know evil is out there and using the appearance of good to get what evil wants!
        • Now I have seen missionaries ask for money. But they usually bring video’s of their ministry or letters and people with them who vouch for them. They usually show their works as proof they are a missionary.
      • Why should anyone believe us if we have no works to prove what we are saying is true?
  • 38 But if I do them, even though you do not believe me, believe the works, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.”
    • Now in all truth, and so much incredibly deeper than we can ever be, when God speaks it is true and we should believe. We should know God’s voice. But at this time, Jesus was walking on earth as a man. So He is saying here, Do not believe me as a man. You must get that I am more than a man.
    • We must get that He was more than a solitary man sent to save us. He and God are one!
    • And Jesus is not just giving up and saying, don’t believe then! He wants all to know Who He really is. Because we cannot be saved by a man dying for us. Only can we saved by the Perfect One paying the price for us. We must get that He is God who offers the sacrifice and that He is the only sacrifice perfect enough to pay the price.
  • 39 Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp.40 Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. There he stayed, 41 and many people came to him. They said, “Though John never performed a sign, all that John said about this man was true.” 42 And in that place many believed in Jesus.
    • Meyer says, “There was a special reason why He was attracted to the region beyond Jordan. It was the place of John’s early appearance. That ground had been black with crowds, those waters had witnessed countless baptisms. All that wonderful past trooped back to memory, and the people remembered John’s word as they saw in Christ their precise fulfillment. We may work no miracle, but let us speak true words about Jesus Christ.
      • John’s real proof of what He said was Jesus. People had heard John. John was believable. His word went out and people were baptized. They believed him, but they were not saved. The proof had to come. Jesus was the way to salvation!
    • We must live a life that shows Christ. We should have works that show we are not hypocrites to others (not to get ourselves into heaven, but to witness to others), but all in all, it takes Jesus to come to them before they can be saved! We need to be like John, believable and proclaiming, but then we sit back and wait for Jesus to do the rest.

CHAPTER 11  I find it interesting that just after Jesus said believe my works, He goes and raises Lazarus!

  • I am going to stop here. Because I am giving you homework. I want you to read chapter 11 this week. Pray before you do, pray while you are reading it. Make notes, reread it and do it again and make more notes. And do the study I am handing out.
    • Put yourself into each person’s spot. (Not Jesus!) and consider how you would feel. Which one of these people do you relate to right now in your life most? Lazarus, Mary, Martha, His disciples, Thomas, the Jews, Caiaphas, the people looking for Jesus or the chief Priest and pharasis?
    • No write each of the above out on a line of paper and think on your life past and present and see if you can see yourself at sometime acting and believing like each one of these.
      • (Example: I personally have said something out of ignorance that God brought about in His way and I saw that I, in my stupidity, had said a truth but with an selfish, evil intent on my part. Caiaphas)
    • See if you can find out why scholars believe the other Gospels did not tell the story of Lazarus.
      • I believe it helps us tremendously in our studies to use commentaries and other people’s thoughts to provoke us to think differently and not get hung up on our little way of thinking. We may not always believe them, but it makes us think, pray and look for the truth even more.
    • Why did Jesus wait?
    • Why do you think Jesus wept?
    • What does the fact that He wept do for you and your relationship with Him?
    • What is the ultimate lesson you learned by the Holy Spirit speaking to you about this chapter
    • Who could you help with sharing what you learned in this chapter? Why?
    • Tell someone about this chapter. Even if they already know. Practice telling people about what Jesus can do. If you are more comfortable telling a saved person for practice, do it. If you are ready, tell someone who needs to hear about Jesus! Do it this week! Then come back and tell what happened. Did you feel more confident to share because you studied? Did you have something new to tell about something you thought you knew already? Di you feel like you were either practicing witnessing Jesus or actually witnessing Jesus?
    • We were created to glorify God. We are told to share the gospel. Did this study help you in anyway to feel like you are doing what you were created to do? Did it help you accomplish what you are told to do?
    • Did it bring you peace, joy or something else?
    • Are you happy you did it? Or did it stress you?
  • Now a man named Lazarus was sick. He was from Bethany, the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 (This Mary, whose brother Lazarus now lay sick, was the same one who poured perfume on the Lord and wiped his feet with her hair.) 3 So the sisters sent word to Jesus, “Lord, the one you love is sick.”
    • Lazarus through Ecclesiastical studies show that he was around 30 years old and lived about another 30.
    • John 12:3 tells us about Mary pouring perfume on the Lord.
    • The sisters send word to tell Jesus that the one He loved was sick.
      • Not the one they loved
      • Not the one that loved Jesus
      • But the one Jesus loved.
        • When we call upon Jesus to help those in need, we need to recognize that Jesus loves them. It is that love for us that caused all things to happen, from creation to salvation, to us living with Him in eternity.
        • We need to know He cares. And I think God likes it when we recognize that love for us! That tender mercy and grace He has for us!  It is bestowing honor on Him when we realize we are powerless but He is not.
      • They also showed their love for Lazarus by sending for Jesus! They knew where Jesus was apparently. They knew He could heal Lazarus.  They knew when he got sick that there was hope for him and that it lay in the hands of Jesus!
        • They acted upon their faith. I think faith is like love. It is an action. It is one thing to know  Jesus can heal us. It is another to know He loves us and will heal us if it is the right thing for us.
  • 4 When he heard this, Jesus said, “This sickness will not end in death. No, it is for God’s glory so that God’s Son may be glorified through it.” 5 Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus. 6 So when he heard that Lazarus was sick, he stayed where he was two more days, 7 and then he said to his disciples, “Let us go back to Judea.”
    • It will not end in death does not mean that Lazarus was not really physically dead. It means this will not end in permanent separation from God death. It was never intended to be an everlasting death. Not even a permanent physical death on this earth .
      • It was meant to happen so god could be glorified!
      • I was mean to show the world that God almighty gave that mighty power of His to Jesus. There could be no part way. People had to understand that Jesus was God and the two are the same. Otherwise, He could not be our savior!
    • Why did he stay? Why did he wait?
      • To quote Darby, “Why did Christ come? To bring the words of eternal life to dead man. “ We are about to see this in action. Jesus did not come just to heal the sick, to make wine out of water, to remove evil spirits or to walk on water. His main purpose was to save men from death. To raise them up! This miracle that He is about to preform is an example of what is to come.  It is one thing to heal the sick. Sickness gets healing sometimes. But death does not. Death is death. It cannot be undone. Except by the grace of God through Jesus Christ!
      • Jesus waited so that no one could say, he was just sick. Jesus waited so that this miracle would be the most spectacular miracle yet so that God’s unlimited power could be shown!
      • So now He says lets go, lets go back. It is time!  Time for the world to see my unlimited power, my power that has been fortold about for a very long time!
        • Eze 37:11 And He said to me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. Behold, they say, Our bones are dried and our hope is lost; we are cut off by ourselves. 12  Therefore prophesy and say to them, So says the Lord Jehovah: Behold, O My people, I will open your graves and cause you to come up out of your graves, and will bring you into the land of Israel. 13  And you shall know that I am Jehovah when I have opened your graves, O My people, and have brought you up out of your graves.
  • 8 “But Rabbi,” they said, “a short while ago the Jews there tried to stone you, and yet you are going back?”
    • His disciples loved Him and wanted Him save. It is sweet. But is a sure sign that they still did not quite get Who He Is.  If they had understood He was God Almighty with all that power, they would not have been afraid for Him.
    • And most like they were scared to go back. I have gone places alone that I was not as scared to go to as when I was with someone who either was crazy and would start stuff or who had angered the people I was about to go around.
    • They may have also been saying something like, “Really, you are going to go there to those people who rejected you?”
  • 9 Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours of daylight? Anyone who walks in the daytime will not stumble, for they see by this world’s light. 10 It is when a person walks at night that they stumble, for they have no light.”
    • Twelve hours in a day: The Jews divided the daylight into twelve hours. During the winter the hours were shorter than during the summer.
    • Daylight is needed for save travel. So much easier than traveling at night on foot. Even in a car. Light is safer. Light provides elimination of all the dangers. There is less danger in the light. (Night creatures are quite vicious). We want to be in the Light if we are to be safe.
      • Jesus is our light. We travel in that Light. We are safe in that Light. We can see the enemy if we are in that Light!
    • People stumble in the darkness. And we know what stumbling can do. It can be just a little startling, but not a big fall. It can lead to a fall that is a little painful, or one that is very painful or it can lead to death.
      • People who are unsaved are in the darkness. They are not in the light. They are not safe. They go about stumbling, falling, dying!
      • They cannot see the enemy approaching. They cannot see they are in danger.
        • I believe there is a light out there that they can see, but they have to go to the light and step into it.
      • This verse could be used as a witnessing tool. Either to those who are unsaved or those who are saved but dabbling in the darkness. We could tell them there is an easier way to live life. A life that is bright and safe. A life where you can see the stumbling blocks and avoid them. A life where you are not always falling down but instead you are growing stronger and wiser, happier and more grateful, a life with a path that leads to helping others instead of needing the help. But that only comes by staying in the Light of Jesus!
  • 11 After he had said this, he went on to tell them, “Our friend Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I am going there to wake him up.”
    •      Note first He says “Our friend”. Jesus recognizes friendship. He had friends!  He loves His friends. They are not family yet. They are family when they are adopted!
      • He is still their friend, even though he is dead. Death does not change that!
    • He has fallen asleep. To Jesus, physical death is just sleep. The real death is the eternal separation from God!
    • He says he is going to wake Him up. Now we know as in the case of healing before that He could have just spoke it and Lazarus would have been “woke up”. But this time He chose to go and be there.
    • In the same breath He delivered bad news, He gave the solution.
      • When things happen to us. There is a solution. We just have to pay attention to what He is telling us.. Sometimes that is wait, sometimes that is do something.
  • 12 His disciples replied, “Lord, if he sleeps, he will get better.” 13 Jesus had been speaking of his death, but his disciples thought he meant natural sleep.
    • This verse made me chuckle. It kind of sounds like they are saying” Well if he is just sleeping why do have to go there?”  Why?? Why Why!
    • But then you add in the fact that they talked about killing Jesus last time they were there and it gets more like, “Why in the world would you go if you know he is just asleep?”
  • 14 So then he told them plainly, “Lazarus is dead, 15 and for your sake I am glad I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.”
    • Now Jesus gets plain. Do you ever wonder why sometimes He says things in a way that is not as plain?  Is He being gentler?  Is He trying to get them to act on faith even if they don’t understand?  I believe this might be it.  Well, He knows they are not going to, but it is a way to show them that they could have just had faith in Him.
    • Let us go to him. Not his family, but him!
    • Romans 8:37-39 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
    • Sometimes the very worse has to happen before we will give God the glory. Sometimes the worse has to happen for us to get it? Somethings the worse has to happen so that through us others can see God.  The worse thing in the world for us, is not too much for God!!
  • 16 Then Thomas (also known as Didymus said to the rest of the disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.”
    • Doubting Thomas! He is brave!  And he loved Jesus. We are given some grace here for Thomas so that we see he is faithful.
    • Could be let us go and if we die with Lazarus, we die, or could be we go with Jesus and if we die with Him, we die.
    • John 14:5 and John 20:25 plus this verse shows that Thomas tended to look at things on the dark side.
  •  17 On his arrival, Jesus found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb for four days.
    • I did find where they did do embalming at this time for some people but not always. And the indication that he was not embalmed was when she said he stinks. Because embalming would have stopped that in the 4 day period.
  • 18 Now Bethany was less than two miles from Jerusalem, 19 and many Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them in the loss of their brother.
    • When I read this I thought how fast news travels by word of mouth. And it still does. The mouth spreads information. Some good, some bad. And once it is said, it cannot be unsaid. And then it can spread. I pray I can learn to keep the mouth closed when things don’t need spread and open it when things do need spread, like the Good News!
    • We are told this, I believe, because God wants us to know there were many many witnesses to this miracle.
    • Also, they were still there because it was the custom to morn and fast for 7 days.
  • 20 When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went out to meet him, but Mary stayed at home.
    • Martha, ever the doer went, but Mary stayed. This coincides with their personalities represented in Luke.
      • It was custom to sit in the house and mourn. People come to you. She disregarded custom and ran to Jesus!
    • But some think it possible Mary did not know Jesus had come.
    • Others say that staying sitting in the house is a main part of mourning.
  • 21 “Lord,” Martha said to Jesus, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died. 22 But I know that even now God will give you whatever you ask.”
    • And here is one of my favorite verses in the Bible. I believe it was God inspired and faith driven. It starts off sound bad, like complaining, but ends with complete faith.  David was like that. If you read the Psalms you will see he goes from why have you forsaken me to all my faith is in you!
      • We can learn from this. We might be sad about something, something might not have gone our way, we might be mad, but in the same breath we need to remember where our faith lays.
      • Another reason I love it is that Martha, who sometimes we think missed the mark because she complained about Mary, is really full of faith.
  • 23 Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”
    • Simple truth! He knows the heart. He gets right to the matter! And He is looking forward, not back.
  • 24 Martha answered, “I know he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”
    • Even though she sounds like she is looking forward, way forward, she is still hung up on the past. He is dead.
    • And of course, just like us, we jump right to conclusions based on what we have been taught or our experiences. And we say and believe those things.
    • I so wish I would learn to listen intently, pray before speaking and not be jump to conclusions about what someone is saying.
    • Also, I don’t want to think I know already when Jesus is talking to me. I am not blaming Martha. She is having faith in God.  But Jesus is trying to get her to see more. I believe He does that with us too, but we just think we know so we go on.
      • I know this is true, because, for example, I will be reading while the preacher is preaching or the teacher is teaching and I will think I know what this passage is saying. And then he/she will say something that makes me amazed I did not see what they saw!
      • I want to learn to look at every word with with wonder and awe! With expectation for what God might be saying to me that I don’t know yet!  To expect more!  More discovery of the truth, more intimate relationship with Him, a deeper understanding, a way to apply it to my life, more excitement over the simple fact that God spoke to me, and an awareness in general that there is more! So much more that I can gain at first, second or third glance!
  • 25 Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; 26 and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this?”
    • He pulls her back to the now! To Him and His power. Not to what she has been taught, but to the truth.
    • I Am!
      • Resurrection:
        • Martha believed God had the power to raise Lazarus in the end days. But Jesus is telling her, He IS the resurrection!! He is it!  Resurrection is Him. He is THE resurrection!  He is the RESURRECTION!   Not that He can preform it, but the He is it.
        • He is able to do it in the end days, but He is able to do it now! Then and now!  He is still able.
      • Life:
        • It is through Him that we have life. All things were created by Him. He is life.
        • We should remember that fact every day!
      • She who believes in me will live even though she die! Or I might die in this world, but I will live because I believe in the One who is the Resurrection and the Life!
        • This is the new Covenant. Belief = life.  Belief in Jesus = life.  That is it.  Very simple.
        • I believe it happens the minute you believe. The opposite of what I am saying is that we believe and we have earned a new life after death. But I believe we have the new life the moment we believe.
          • Galatians 2:20
          • If you believe the Holy Spirit comes to dwell in you, you must believe you have the everlasting life already!
  • 27 “Yes, Lord,” she replied, “I believe that you are the Messiah, the Son of God, who is to come into the world.”
    • And here is the belief! Matthew 16:16-17 God has revealed himself to her and she believes!
    • What did she believe?
      • He is the Messiah… the one who came to save His people! (If she believes this, she can believe He is the Resurrection!  And the Life!  For He is Christ!
      • He is the Son of God …. the very nature of God, not just a human,powerful, sent by God, Holy…
      • Came into the world……He is now here.. he is present at this time… completion of the promise
  • 28 After she had said this, she went back and called her sister Mary aside. “The Teacher is here,” she said, “and is asking for you.”
    • She is done! She got it! It is Mary’s turn.  She is ready to move to the next step   Which is tell someone, point them towards Jesus!
    • She tells Mary the Master has come!!!
      • I love that He is called the Teacher! He is!  He is the one who teaches us about everything!  Salvation, life, death, love, peace….on and on what He teaches us!
    • She tells Mary that Christ is calling for her. He is always calling. We just have to answer!
  • 29 When Mary heard this, she got up quickly and went to him.
    • As soon as she heard she went and went quickly! To Him.
    • So basically, you know me and my visual self, I see Christ always standing and saying come. Certainly calling us to salvation.  But even after that calling us to walk with Him.
      • I want to always walking with Him. I don’t want to be over here while He is over there calling me! I want to move toward Him.  Always getting closer!  Always walking with Him to learn all the things He has to show me.
      • We must remember He is here. If he feels far away, we need to get moving!
    • What she did not do:
      • She did not sit around and think, I am suppose to sit here and mourn. It is not the custom we have for me to leave. I should do what we always have done. She left tradition!
      • She did not ask others what to do. Or what they thought. He called, she went. It is all very personable our calling from Christ and our reaction to it.
  • 30 Now Jesus had not yet entered the village, but was still at the place where Martha had met him.
    • Jesus waited near the area of His work. He did not go to town with a big show, I am here! He did not go get cleaned up and refreshed from his trip. He waited.
  • 31 When the Jews who had been with Mary in the house, comforting her, noticed how quickly she got up and went out, they followed her, supposing she was going to the tomb to mourn there.
    • Funny, when Martha left, they did not follow her. Maybe they were staying with the delicate one?  Martha was strong.  She did not need them!  This is something we need to be careful of. Just because someone looks and acts strong does not mean they do not need comforting just like the one bawling or seemingly weaker!
    • Following her brought them to Christ to see the miracle!
    • Death is often used to point people to Christ. This is no exception here!
  • 32 When Mary reached the place where Jesus was and saw him, she fell at his feet and said, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.”
    • She fell to his feet. Seems to be a regular position for Mary. At the feet of Christ!
      • Shows her as humble! It really shows humbleness to sit at His feet!
      • It shows respect!
      • Do we sit at His feet? Or are we too prideful with all the stuff we have to do?
    • She confesses Him as Lord. By bowing at His feet. Roman 14:11
    • Remember everyone was watching. She did not care!
    • She has faith in Him. She knows He could have healed Lazarus!
      • But she, like Martha, are in effect blaming Jesus for Lazarus’ death.
  • 33 When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled.
    • King James says troubled Himself. I take this as understanding their feelings and sorrows, even though He knew what was going to happen. He certainly was not troubled because Lazarus had died. He knew what miracle was coming. But God is LOVE. Jesus loves us poor pitiful people and is moved in spirit over us!  And our feelings.
      • He cares if we are sad. He cares if we cry. He cares!!!
  • 34 “Where have you laid him?” he asked.
    • He know where He was. But He ask anyway. Why?
      • To talk to them in human form as a man would.
      • Or if He had went straight to it, some people might have thought He and Lazarus had set this up.
      • He wants us to know He still cares about the body even after death?
    • “Come and see, Lord,” they replied.
  • 35 Jesus wept.
    • So much in these two words.
      • He was a man. Who felt things. We know He felt things.
      • If He cried, we do not need to feel like it is sinful to cry and not just focus on the hope to come after death.
      • To fulfill Isaiah 53:3 a Man of sorrows!       Never does it say he laughed. Interesting.
      • Tears of compassion are Christlike. We are like Christ when we are moved and troubled in our Spirit over others.
  • 36 Then the Jews said, “See how he loved him!” 37 But some of them said, “Could not he who opened the eyes of the blind man have kept this man from dying?”
    • Some were like, awww…. He is sad over His friend. Or friends. Others were like, well why is He crying… if He had come sooner He could have healed him.
      • Isn’t that just like we are today. We can all look at something and come up with different reasons why.
    • Or maybe they thought He was feeling guilty because He did not save him.
    • Or they could have been having doubt that He really healed the blind.
    • 38 Jesus, once more deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance.
      • He was moved again. At the grave at the tomb.
        • Maybe at the disbelieve of those around him. Matthew 23:37
        • Maybe coming near the grave the sisters and mourners were more troubled and sad.
        • Or because he knew He was going to bring Lazarus back into the wicked world.
        • Or because He was coming to face off death. And so the sadness of a fallen world that let to death in the first place. Not the way that will be in heaven.
        • Also, Jesus knew He would go through death and be laid in a similar place.
  • 39 “Take away the stone,” he said.
    • He did want to move the stone by His power, but to have them move it. Maybe to have them know it was sealed. Or to smell the putrid and be witnesses.
  • “But, Lord,” said Martha, the sister of the dead man, “by this time there is a bad odor, for he has been there four days.”
    • Even though previously it seemed Mary might get a hint of what was to come. Here it seems she does not have that kind of faith. But the saying of it made the miracle more evident.
  • 40 Then Jesus said, “Did I not tell you that if you believe, you will see the glory of God?”
    • A reproof from Jesus. Did I not say? And if I said it, is it not true?
      • I believe I get those reproofs all the time. One minute I think I believe then something happens and I am full of doubt. And Jesus is always reminding me of what He said. Have faith. Believe.
    • If we will take Christ’s word, and rely on his power and faithfulness, we shall see the glory of God, and be happy in the sight.
    • He is saying only believe. He did not rebuke what she said. He did not go into great discussions. He just reminder her, and us through her, to believe. It is all based on faith!
    • Just hold on to your faith. That is what he ask from us. He will do the rest.
  • 41 So they took away the stone.
    • Apparently Martha did hold on to her faith, because it is doubtful they would have moved the stone without the family’s saying to do so.
    • All we can do is have faith and prepare the way of the Lord as He instructs us to.
  • Then Jesus looked up and said, “Father, I thank you that you have heard me. 42 I knew that you always hear me, but I said this for the benefit of the people standing here, that they may believe that you sent me.”
    • His gesture here is significant! He looked up to where His help comes from. It showed those watching where his power comes from. Maybe they could not all hear His words, but they might see Him looking unto heaven for help.
      • Sometimes they are needed. Sometimes they can’t be helped. But in all cases we need to be sure they are sincere.
    • If we look at how Jesus prays every time we can learn from Him.
      • First He calls Him Father. Reverent yet approachable!
      • Thankful for previous blessings! If we are about to call upon the mercy of God, we might want to be sure to recognize His blessings we have already received.
        • Thanksgiving and praise give God the glory.
      • Or maybe Jesus has already prayed about the miracle He is about to do and is thanking God because His faith is sure.
      • Either way He is teaching us to enter into the presence of God, into the presence of Holy, to humble ourselves and give glory to the one with the power.
      • Jesus is grateful that God answered His prayers. How so much more should we be?
        • I know from experience that when I really get it that God answered ME I am blown away and humbled. Who am I that He should grant my pitiful request???
        • But sometimes I recognize that I prayed for something or someone, it was answered and I had the audacity to not even notice or give God the glory. Who am I to be so arrogant????
      • Then He says He is thankful and knows the Father hears Him always. This is a wonderful thing for us to grasp!
        • 1st in that the Father listens to the Son. No doubt. We are adoptive children, He hears us!
        • 2nd Jesus is at the right hand of God right now interceding for us! God hears Him!!
        • We are doubly blessed! 1 John 5:14-15
      • Then He says He is doing this so that the people standing here could benefit. Prayer preaches!  Prayer talks to God and to others.
  • 43 When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out!” 44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face.
    • He spoke, it became real. God spoke, it became real. He is God. He is the Word!
    • A loud voice: significance of the work being done? Making sure others heard what He was saying?  Excitement? To wake the dead?
    • He calls him by name.
      • He knows us by name.
      • Everyone might have came forth if He had not been specific!
    • He did not say live. He said “come out”. Move.
    • He came out! Hallelujah!
    • Note: He did not say, nor or we told where he was during those 4 days. Other people who were raised from the dead did not speak of it either. Actually, after being raised from the dead, their words are not recorded. I am sure they spoke, but it was not recorded.
      • It is not the account of man that we need to be concerned with, but the words of Christ.
    • Lazarus came out immediately. Jesus did not have to work up to it. Lazarus did not have to think about it. Power of Powers spoke and Lazarus moved!
      • Oh that we would get this in our lives. When God tells us to do or not to do something, why are we not moving? Why in the world would we be hesitant to do what God Almighty says???
    • He came out moving.. he did not come back unable to walk. He walked! He walked in clothes that were bounding him and a cover on his face.  That is miraculous in itself!
  • Jesus said to them, “Take off the grave clothes and let him go.”
    • First I bet they were all standing around in shock or frightened!
    • Jesus speaking to them could have snapped them out of it.
    • Also, He was telling them to go touch him. See for yourselves, he is Lazarus, whole and a real body, not a ghost.
  • 45 Therefore many of the Jews who had come to visit Mary, and had seen what Jesus did, believed in him. 46 But some of them went to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done. 47 Then the chief priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of the Sanhedrin.
    • Seeing is not automatically believing. Seeing a miracle does not save.
    • Faith saves. Doubt destroys.
    • This and the healing of the blind man were the most public miracles. Well, the two other raising of the dead were very public, too. Lots of people knew and saw.
      • Sometimes we get in our mind that the few disciples were there and the Pharisees, but we need to remember that most of the time crowds of people watched and saw.
      • People watch, people hear but they don’t always agree. We must understand that we are not going to win over everyone. If Jesus Christ did not do it, who are we to think we will?
        • Also, as long as you did the right thing in your heart and tried your best, then there is freedom. It is not up to you to make them believe. It is up to you to tell them and to be a witness. But it is always their choice. And in the end even if they don’t believe right then, there is no telling what can come from it later.
  • “What are we accomplishing?” they asked. “Here is this man performing many signs. 48 If we let him go on like this, everyone will believe in him, and then the Romans will come and take away both our temple and our nation.”
    • All about me! And keeping my status quo!!
  • 49 Then one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, spoke up, “You know nothing at all! 50 You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish.”
    • At first it seems that he is an arrogant man, taking control, desperate to get rid of this one man before he turns all the people away.
  • 51 He did not say this on his own, but as high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the Jewish nation, 52 and not only for that nation but also for the scattered children of God, to bring them together and make them one.
    • But it was not of his own that he said this. What does this say? Sometimes God steps in and uses people to say what He wants said.
    • God has before used wicked men to get His plan moving.
    • And what Caiaphas said became more truth than he even imagined upon the death of Jesus. He pushed men to get done what God had planned all along and yet he thought he was in control.
      • God gave us free will, and yet He is truly always in control.
  • 53 So from that day on they plotted to take his life. 54 Therefore Jesus no longer moved about publicly among the people of Judea. Instead he withdrew to a region near the wilderness, to a village called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
    • He walked away from His chosen people and went out near the wilderness.
    • He stayed with His followers.
  • 55 When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, many went up from the country to Jerusalem for their ceremonial cleansing before the Passover. 56 They kept looking for Jesus, and as they stood in the temple courts they asked one another, “What do you think? Isn’t he coming to the festival at all?” 57 But the chief priests and the Pharisees had given orders that anyone who found out where Jesus was should report it so that they might arrest him.
    • He was a big stir at the time. Everyone knew about Him.
    • They expected him at the Passover because they knew he was devoted to God.
    • He was never found by all who wanted to kill Him until He said it was time.

CHAPTER 12

  • Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. 2 Here a dinner was given in Jesus’ honor. Martha served, while Lazarus was among those reclining at the table with him. 3 Then Mary took about a pint of pure nard, an expensive perfume; she poured it on Jesus’ feet and wiped his feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.
    • So many people wonder if this is the same instance as when Jesus was in Simon’s house and Mary pour oil on Jesus. There are striking similarities in the stories.  But there are things that make it not seem they are the same. One is the times, they differ. And the fact that this one says Martha is serving. It is very unlikely that Martha would be serving in Simon’s house.  But I don’t know which it is.
    • John is making sure we realize that this is the one who Jesus raised from the dead! He is home, eating and going on with life. He did not get raised and then disappear. He did not get raised and then travel the world to show he was dead then alive.  He was home.  I think we over look the simple life God has planned for us. Sure we can have ministries and sure some are meant to do what we deem as big things…. but the man who Jesus brought back to life, still lived his same life.
    • Martha served. Have you ever thought about this?  Before she was serving and complaining and Jesus said Mary picked the better thing. But here is Martha still serving.
      • She did not jump to a conclusion that serving was wrong! She knew service still had to happen.
      • She did not say anything about what the others were doing. Hopefully, she learned not to judge.
      • And if she got it, that Mary had done the better thing, and yet she could still serve and not put on a show that was not her, she did not put on a fake worship, she still did what she does and did it without condemning others for not doing what she is led to do.
    • Mary used a very expensive item to give praise, thanks and love to her God!
      • Do we? I mean really?  How much does it cost us to praise and thank and love God?
        • I am not saying that we have to. You can do these things with no cost. But consider the implications.
          • Nothing she had was worth more than him. A years wages … I am not sure what else she could have had more expensive to give.
            • Would you give up all for Him?
              • He showed me one day that I would not give up Darrell for Him and I stayed where I was arguing with God for hours. (I would not even get up to go the the bathroom!)  I sat right there in my recliner and denied it at first.  Of course you are more important God!   Then I clearly heard Him say (through the Holy Spirit) “Then give him up”.  Oh my!  Hours  of praying, arguing, pleading.  I just knew he would die if I said yes!  But finally I really got it.  My husband was my number one, not God.  I gave him up.  And my life changed!  And I am happy to report my dear hubby is still alive and doing well and being 2nd in my life!
            • She gave it willingly and humbly. She put it on His feet!  Our best is nothing compared to Jesus.
  • 4 But one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was later to betray him, objected, 5 “Why wasn’t this perfume sold and the money given to the poor? It was worth a year’s wages.” 6 He did not say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief; as keeper of the money bag, he used to help himself to what was put into it.
    • Judas was a disciple. We in many times skip over this fact. He was in the inner circle.  He was one of THE ones. He looked religious, he acted religious and he was most likely looked up to!
      • His friends believed him.
      • His co-ministry people trusted him.
      • He was a fraud in the midst of the most Godliest men of the time! But none of the people knew it.
      • This happens today. We have to be very careful about trusting any person too much. Truest Jesus completely. Put your faith in Him. But when it comes to people, like me who teach, or preachers who preach, listen, learn, but check to be sure what they are saying is Biblical that they are not going on to personal beliefs that are not Biblical.
        • But you can’t do this if you don’t know the Bible, if you don’t look up things. Then you are just a follower who might can be led astray.
        • I pray that I never say or do anything that would lead someone astray, but I am only human,and I very well with all the talking I do, say some things wrong. And if you hang onto that, you will be led astray. Believing an untruth. Do you want to be that person?
      • Sometimes I wonder what Judas himself knew he was a fraud or if he thought he was right. I think maybe he thought he was right. Most people do. And that is very scary. But I think it was not this way because it says he was a thief!
      • Now if we believe Jesus knew all, then Jesus knew all when Judas was made keeper of the money. Jesus let or assigned the thief keep the money. Knowing he would steal from it.
        • What does this tell us?
          • Jesus did not care about money. He did not care that He would not have the right amount. Money was not a priority even when God himself was walking the earth as a human.

 

  • 7 “Leave her alone,” Jesus replied. “It was intended that she should save this perfume for the day of my burial. 8You will always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me.”
    • Leave her alone means do not judge her!
    • Now get this. All along the perfume was intended for the day of Jesus’ funeral!
      • I wonder if Mary had just recently purchased it for that reason? Or was Jesus, being aware of His approaching death, knew what the perfume should be used for?
    • We also have to recognize the worth of Jesus. Mary did! He is even worth more than being kind and benevolent!
    • When Jesus says we will always have the poor among you, but not him in the form a a human, He was saying that there is more important things than giving to the poor.
      • Some think no one should live in nice houses if all do not. And of course whole governments are bases on trying to keep everyone equal in life as far as wealth. But Jesus said we will always have the poor. Always. Nothing we do will eliminate the poor. Nothing will make all people equal financially. God has made this world a world of give and take, a world of choices.
        • Some people will do the work it takes to graduate high school, go to college, work 40 or more hours a week for 50 years and retire nicely.
        • Other people will choose not to finish school, not to work full time and never have as much as the person who chose to the other.
        • Some people are physically unable to work. And need welfare. Well guess how they get taken care of!  By the people who work By their taxes and by their charity.
        • Have you ever notice when great catastrophes happen that money pours in to help those people. Do you know where those vast amounts of money come from?  The rich. People who have enough to give. Sure some poor people give too, but the vast amount of the money comes from business owners who send help. From people who have large bank accounts and can send the money.
        • God made this world about choices. And, praise God, we live in a country that chooses freedom and along with that freedom comes choices to help others!
      • And no matter how much you give, you will not eliminate the poor, In truth you will not make a dent in it. You can help a few with some things, one person with more, but that is about all you can do.  And the poor are important, but Jesus is more importing!
      • But Jesus is saying. There are times that your money is better spent than giving to the poor. It is well to give you money to praise, glorify and honor God.
        • If people get hung up on we should give all to help those who have less, than where would the church be today? We have to have a way to keep the churches going and Jesus knew that.
  • 9 Meanwhile a large crowd of Jews found out that Jesus was there and came, not only because of him but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.10 So the chief priests made plans to kill Lazarus as well, 11 for on account of him many of the Jews were going over to Jesus and believing in him.
    • They wanted to kill the miracle worker and the walking miracle!
      • We are told over and over in the Bible about how they (the powerful ones of the time) planned to kill him. Over and over they made plans. Over and over they failed.
      • Also over and over Jesus kept doing His ministry in spite of what they were doing, saying or planning.
    • How many times do we pause or completely quit doing our ministries because someone said something? Because someone did not like it?  Because it was hard?  Because not everyone thought it was a good idea.  Heck, sometimes we stop or won’t start just because people did not jump up and down with excitement over it!
      • If God led you to it, do it. No matter what. No matter who, No matter you!
    • So they surely thought they should kill them both, because if they just killed Lazarus, Jesus could raise him up from the dead again!
  • 12 The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem. 13 They took palm branches and went out to meet him, shouting,
    • “Hosanna!”
    • “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!”
    • “Blessed is the king of Israel!”
      • Not everyone was trying to kill Him. Just the powerful, just proud, just arrogant, just the ones losing their popularity.
      • Others were honoring Him.
      • Plus to see Lazarus and Jesus together, better than daytime soap operas!
      • They are quoting: Psalm 118:26
        • they see him as king!
        • They wish him well.
        • They welcome him to come in to their city, as king.
      • I believe later many of these same people who did this great public act of adoration will holler “crucify him”.   People are so fickle.
  • 14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, as it is written: 15 “Do not be afraid, Daughter Zion; see, your king is coming,seated on a donkey’s colt.”
    • 9:9 Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!
      Shout, Daughter Jerusalem!
      See, your king comes to you,
      righteous and victorious,
      lowly and riding on a donkey,
      on a colt, the foal of a donkey.

      • Note: Here in John it says “Fear Not” and in Zechariah it says rejoice greatly and shout. Lack of fear = rejoicing.
    • Jewish biblical scholar Alfred Edersheim (1825-1889), a convert to Christianity, wrote a classic work affirming there are 456 passages in the Old Testament that refer to the Messiah. His work The Life and Times of Jesus The Messiah is accessible for free online at CCEL. Edersheim also stated that there are 558 Messianic references in Jewish rabbinic writings.
  • 16 At first his disciples did not understand all this. Only after Jesus was glorified did they realize that these things had been written about him and that these things had been done to him.
    • They, even thought right there and very close to Jesus, did not understand until after Christ was glorified. Why?  Because the Holy Spirit illuminates!
      • Eph 1:15-18 Therefore I also, hearing of your faith in the Lord Jesus and love to all the saints, 16  do not cease giving thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers, 17  that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him, 18  the eyes of your understanding being enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of His calling, and what is the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,
      • We see clearer many times after the fact.
  • 17 Now the crowd that was with him when he called Lazarus from the tomb and raised him from the dead continued to spread the word. 18 Many people, because they had heard that he had performed this sign, went out to meet him. 19 So the Pharisees said to one another, “See, this is getting us nowhere. Look how the whole world has gone after him!”
    • To those who seek Christ, rejoicing, excitement, hope and praise!
    • To those who appose Christ, they see nothing good for them come from Him or His followers. Still that way today.  Only through the Holy Spirits illumination do some see something that intrigues them.
  • 20 Now there were some Greeks among those who went up to worship at the festival. 21 They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, with a request. “Sir,” they said, “we would like to see Jesus.” 22 Philip went to tell Andrew; Andrew and Philip in turn told Jesus.
    • The Greeks were there to worship the true God. People other than Jews can recognize the true God.
      • Today people other than Christians can recognize the true God. They can even worship Him. But salvation does not come from recognition or worship of God.
      • One must seek Jesus and understand (believe and accept) Who He is and what He did!
      • These represent the world coming to Jesus. Not just the Jews.
    • Philip is a Greek name. It might be why they approached him.
    • Philip went and asked another disciple before going to Jesus. Maybe they were thinking of what Jesus said in Mat 18:19 Again I say to you that if two of you shall agree on earth as regarding anything that they shall ask, it shall be done for them by My Father in Heaven.
      • Also, I bet he wanted backing before interrupting Jesus.
      • And little did they know that this bringing of non-Jews to would be a sign to Jesus that His time had come. Wow… they participated in the movement of Kingdom of heaven unknowingly. Little parts we play can have big consequences!

23 Jesus replied, “The hour has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.

    • Non-Jews, the Gentiles, were coming to Christ. His own chosen people were not all coming, but the world was coming. Not all of the world. But a few came and that was the sign.
    • He says it is time for the Son of Man…. Jesus used this name for Himself a lot. I think He was connecting Himself to us, to mankind. To show He came to us!
    • Time to be glorified. Wow what He had to go through to be glorified!
  • 24 Very truly I tell you, unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains only a single seed. But if it dies, it produces many seeds.
    • Wow, we think about planting seeds ourselves, and we should, but look at one seed from God did for the world!!!
      • And then even after He saved us, then we begin to plant seeds and more and more and more seeds are planted!
      • Meyer said, “All through life we must be prepared to erect altars on which to sacrifice all that hinders our highest service to our fellows. The soul that dares to live in this way finds streams flowing from every smitten rock, and honey in the carcass of every slain lion. Day out of night, spring out of winter, flowers out of frost, joy out of sorrow, fruitfulness out of pruning, Olivet out of Gethsemane, life out of death. But through it all, our aim must be that the Father may be glorified.”
    • Jesus had to pay the price. He knew He could not save the Jews or the Gentiles without the penalty of sin being paid. Death.
    • Isa 53:12 Therefore I will divide to Him with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong; because He has poured out His soul to death; and He was counted among the transgressors; and He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for transgressors.
      • Close your eyes for a moment. Get an image of heaven and earth in your mind with heaven far far above the earth. Now see a glowing hands come down from heaven, one with a golden seed held between the thumb and the first finger. The hands comes all the way down from earth, and plant the seed on a hill called Gethsemane.  In my mind I see the sky darken, I hear amazingly strong sounds from heaven and from hell below. For three days I hear this.  And then suddenly, the earth on the top of the hill at Gethsemane begins to swell and crack open. And out pops a hand with keys in it. Dark black keys that say death.  And then another hand comes up and in it is a cross. A simple wooden cross.  And Jesus burst forth full of light, strong and glorified.  He walks around the world for some days showing the cross and showing He owns the keys to death. And then that moment comes when He begins to rise and return to heaven. Light flows, the heavens open to receive Him!  And then falling from heaven all over the world golden seeds begin to fall. Millions and Trillions of them. Floating down to earth. And some fall on rock, some of gravel, some on places where evil weeds are and some on good soil. And then some of those  seeds begin to grow. And then those seeds that grow and bloom beautiful flowers that point toward heaven. And those flowers begin to drop tiny golden seeds.  And the cycle goes on and on, until the skies open up and Jesus comes down, and all those beautiful plants are pulled from the earth and begin to rise and Jesus gathers them into His arms in the air!
        • All that from one might seed.
  • 25 Anyone who loves their life will lose it, while anyone who hates their life in this world will keep it for eternal life.
    • If ANYONE loves his life more than Jesus, anyone who loves this life on earth and puts their hope into it… will lose eternal life.
    • And ANYONE who gets it that this life is nothing. Jesus is all. Heaven is the other world God made for us. He made it perfect. If it is where they (the anyone) want to spend eternity. They will have it! Life with Jesus in eternity.
    • Life here on earth is the adventure of seeking a place that is it! For Christians, it is heaven. For non-Christians, it is earth.
  • 26 Whoever serves me must follow me; and where I am, my servant also will be My Father will honor the one who serves me.
    • Here we are told by Jesus to follow Him, to give up in our hearts, body and mind the love of life on this earth. He did. And we are to follow him.
      • How? We do it by bearing whatever cross we are given in life, planting seeds along the way, longing for heaven and keeping our eyes on the Prize. Jesus!
        • We do it by being a servant. In Downton Abby they have servants. And what do they do?  They are told their jobs and the do them. And when those jobs are done they wait to be called for whatever else comes up. If whoever they are serving travels, they travel. If they are eating, they prepare the food. If they are resting, they get them a blanket. If they are lonely, they sit with them.
          • Matthew 25:31-46 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his glorious throne.
          • Mat 25:32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
          • Mat 25:33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.
          • Mat 25:34 “Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.
          • Mat 25:35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,
          • Mat 25:36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.’
          • Mat 25:37 “Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink?
          • Mat 25:38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you?
          • Mat 25:39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?’
          • Mat 25:40 “The King will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me.’
          • Mat 25:41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.
          • Mat 25:42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,
          • Mat 25:43 I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’
          • Mat 25:44 “They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’
          • Mat 25:45 “He will reply, ‘Truly I tell you, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’
          • Mat 25:46 “Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”
        • It is not a secret what we are to do. He made it very plain!
      • We must serve Him. Serving is work. Do you want to be a sluggard of a Christian? I don’t think that is what Jesus is saying. He uses the word MUST follow Him.  He did not say should, might or when they feel like it. He said we must.
        • Follow Him? All the way to grave glorifying God
  • 27 “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour. 28 Father, glorify your name!”
    • In the midst of people praising Him, His soul is troubled. He knew what was coming. And He knew it was coming quick.
    • Sometimes we think we want to do great things for God. To glorify Him. But are we prepared for the cost?
      • We probably would whine because of how hard it is. How much time it takes. People don’t like what we are doing. I’m tired. I don’t see any results. I don’t deserve these problems, this pain, these issues. Noboby understands me. No body gets it! No body understands what I am going through.
      • And then we look to God and say why me? Take away this pain. Take away these problems.
        • Sure we are not Jesus, but we are called to imitate Him, to keep our goal as perfection!
      • I think how awesome it would be if I could learn not to make a move without considering if it glorifies God or not.
        • I know from all the things I have done in my past, that if I would start doing that, pausing and thinking “Does this glorify God?”, that eventually somethings would become habit and easier and require less thought.
          • Let me tell you that we already have a way of talking and things we say that are habit. No thought. We have trained ourselves to do this. We can train ourselves differently!
          • Also, I am pretty sure I would not talk near as much as I do now!
            • James 3:7-12 All kinds of animals, birds, reptiles and sea creatures are being tamed and have been tamed by mankind, 8  but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison. 9  With the tongue we praise our Lord and Father, and with it we curse human beings, who have been made in God’s likeness. 10  Out of the same mouth come praise and cursing. My brothers and sisters, this should not be. 11  Can both fresh water and salt water flow from the same spring? 12  My brothers and sisters, can a fig tree bear olives, or a grapevine bear figs? Neither can a salt spring produce fresh water.
              • If we are letting the Holy Spirit have its way, our mouths will spew glory to God. If we let our sinful spirit talk, bad things happen!
            • And note the exclamation mark after He speaks! He speaks excitedly about glorifying God’s name!  We should to!
          • Then a voice came from heaven,“I have glorified it, and will glorify it again.” 29 The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to him.
            • Wow!!! How exciting!
            • Jesus taught us in the Lord’s Prayer to glorify God’s name. And here, when Jesus does what he teaches us to do, He gets a response from God and His prayer is answered.
              • One prayer for sure you count on to be answered is that God is glorified! But consider this, when you pray this, and mean it, you are doing exactly what you are meant to do. You are following the will of God, you are being obedient and you are imitating Jesus!
            • Revelation 10:3-4 and he gave a loud shout like the roar of a lion. When he shouted, the voices of the seven thunders spoke. Rev 10:4 And when the seven thunders spoke, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say, “Seal up what the seven thunders have said and do not write it down.”
              • Not surprising it sounded like thunder to some. But to some that thunder was understandable! To some, there was understanding of the words, but doubt of the speaker.
                • I think the ones who understood, (someone did, it is written) were prepared to by their faith and obedience.
                • And I believe the ones who thought it was angels, either could not grasp that God would speak, did not believe He would speak to Jesus, or might have even been too hung up on angels. (I think not understanding is preferable to giving angels credit instead of God!)
  • 30 Jesus said, “This voice was for your benefit, not mine. 31 Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. 32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myse” 33 He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die.
    • God could have whispered in Jesus’ ear. Jesus was God and knew He was glorifying God.
      • God spoke for our benefit. Jesus coming was for our benefit. Jesus dying was for our benefit. Jesus being raised was for our benefit. Jesus did not NEED anything. God did and does not NEED anything. We are the needy ones. And God does things for our benefit! Amazing!
    • Now is the time! The pivotal time of the whole world was at hand.  (Those Greeks asking to see Jesus prompted the beginning.  So interesting!)
      • Now is the time! Matthew Henry said: “The sick and diseased world is now upon the turning point; this is the critical day upon which the trembling scale will turn for life or death, to all mankind; all that are not recovered by this will be left helpless and hopeless.”
        • Jesus knew it all came down the now at that time. The thousand of years of predictions were coming to pass.
      • The time for judgment on this world was the death of Christ. His death was the judgment
        • He drew the line in the sand with His death. Either believe that death saved you, or don’t and from that your whole destiny lays.
        • Now is the trial of this world, for men shall have their character according as the cross of Christ is to them; to some it is foolishness and a stumbling-block, to others it is the wisdom and power of God; of which there was a figure in the two thieves that were crucified with him. By this men are judged, what they think of the death of Christ.
        • It is the moment that we are granted everything! Life eternal!  It is the moment He gave us to bring us to Him!
      • The prince of the world will be driven out!!
        • Prince of the world. Ruler of the world.  Controller of the world.
          • No longer, why because Christ drove him out! He did not say I will, or eventually He said now!
          • Satan does not have to have any control over us!   He is not the Lord of our lives!  Jesus is.  We do not have to be controlled by sin.
          • We are set free from the power of sin, which is death. We may still sin. We don’t have to. We make the choice to. But we are set free from that power of sin which is death, by Christ’s death!
        • He will doing the drawing of men. He calls all of us.  He is the light and He shines on men. We do not just wake up one day and say, hey, I am going to find this Jesus dude.  Nope, He draws us to Him.
          • He draws all people! All is all. He draws all to Him. But not all choose to believe in Him. But He still draws them!
  • 34 The crowd spoke up, “We have heard from the Law that the Messiah will remain forever, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?”
    • First, they thought they knew the law. How can this say this and yet you say this.  We know what we have been taught.
      • I think we should learn from them. We need to open our minds a bit. I usually hate the term open minded. Because I associate it with being tossed to and fro in your beliefs. We have been warned about t that.
        • Eph 4:14 Then we will no longer be infants, tossed back and forth by the waves, and blown here and there by every wind of teaching and by the cunning and craftiness of people in their deceitful scheming.
        • James 1:16 But when you ask, you must believe and not doubt, because the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind.
      • But we also need to be aware that we could have been taught wrongly over the years, or we could have twisted something to fit our own way of thinking.
        • 2 Peter 3:16 He writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction.
      • So I believe we need to to train ourselves to really study verses, what is before and after them before we determine their meaning. These people swore they knew. They thought they were right and religious and good.  But they were wrong.  We do not want to be those people!
        • Sure enough the scripture say Christ will be Prince forever. 110:4, Psm. 89:29, Psm. 21:4 to name a few. But scripture did not say He would live on the earth forever and ever to be prince over it.  They jumped to that conclusion because they limited what a “prince” was to what a man prince is.  We cannot limit God!  Well we can, but we are wrong to.
      • Then they said who is the son of man? Even though Jesus had just said those same words and even though they had just heard God speak from heaven! If they knew their scriptures than they knew who the “Son of Man” was.  Daniel 7:13
  • 35 Then Jesus told them, “You are going to have the light just a little while longer. Walk while you have the light, before darkness overtakes you. Whoever walks in the dark does not know where they are going. 36 believe in the light while you have the light, so that you may become children of light.” When he had finished speaking, Jesus left and hid himself from them.
    • Note first, He did not directly answer their question. Jesus did that a lot.
    • But he is gently and loving in His response, still wooing them and teaching them and calling them.
      • 2 Tim. 2:24-26: And the Lord’s servant must not be quarrelsome but must be kind to everyone, able to teach, not resentful. 25  Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth, 26  and that they will come to their senses and escape from the trap of the devil, who has taken them captive to do his will.
    • Walk while you have the light. Do it while it is clear. While you can clearly see. The light of Christ lights the way. It is that time when we can clearly see and we need to move at that time. Choose Christ. Make the decision.
      • I believe He reveals himself clearly to everyone. And that is the time to choose. To walk toward the light. Later it will be darker and harder to choose rightly.
      • I also believe that He lights paths for us Christians to follow during this light and when that light is shining we better start walking. Or He may quit shining so bright and we lose our way. Our ministry might not be what it could have been if we had walked when it was lit up and clear.
    • And he says Believe in the light while you have the light. Limited time. Better get to understanding and believing!
    • And when you do, you become children of the Light! Yay!!  Adopted children!
    • And then He left. The light went elsewhere to shine on others. They either believed or did not, followed or did not! There was nothing more to say to them.
  • 37 Even after Jesus had performed so many signs in their presence, they still would not believe in him. 38 This was to fulfill the word of Isaiah the prophet: “Lord, who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” 39 For this reason they could not believe, because, as Isaiah says elsewhere: 40 “He has blinded their eyes
    and hardened their hearts, so they can neither see with their eyes,
    nor understand with their hearts, nor turn—and I would heal them.” 
    41 Isaiah said this because he saw Jesus’ glory and spoke about him.

    • So many signs. So many and varied miracles and yet they did not believe.
      • Those signs we think should have convinced them. And rightly so for them they should have because He truly was the Christ who later was risen. His resurrection was the final proof.
      • But miracles are not and should not be the thing that sway people to believe.
      • Remember that Pharoah’s magicians perform miracles. 7:10-12
      • We are warned that the anichrist will perform miracles.
        • 13:14, 16:14, 19:20
        • 2 Thes. 2:9-10 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie, 10 and all the ways that wickedness deceives those who are perishing. They perish because they refused to love the truth and so be saved.
        • 1 John 4:1 – Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.Colossians 2:8 – Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
      • So how do we know?
        • John 14:26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
        • 1 John 2:27 As for you, the anointing you received from him remains in you, and you do not need anyone to teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about all things and as that anointing is real, not counterfeit–just as it has taught you, remain in him
        • Joh 8:31 To the Jews who had believed him, Jesus said, “If you hold to my teaching, you are really my disciples. 32  Then you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”
        • Eph 6:13 Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand. 14  Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist, with the breastplate of righteousness in place, 15  and with your feet fitted with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace. 16  In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one. 17  Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. 18  And pray in the Spirit on all occasions with all kinds of prayers and requests. With this in mind, be alert and always keep on praying for all the Lord’s people.
      • I don’t believe we can lose our salvation, but I do believe we can believe wrong things, be bad witnesses, lead people astray by ignorance and so on and so forth. We need to be ready!
      • How cool that Isaiah knew about Jesus! But he also knew not all would believe and that the prince of this world would blind them. He had been working on them long before the light stood right in front of them!
  • 42 Yet at the same time many even among the leaders believed in him. But because of the Pharisees they would not openly acknowledge their faith for fear they would be put out of the synagogue; 43 for they loved human praise more than praise from God.
    • They did not confess Christ.
      • Rom 10:10 For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.
      • Fear stopped them, fear of being put out. Of being disowned by the church or friends or leaders.  I so pray that I can not let what others think of me make me miss anything Jesus has to say to me for me to believe and do!
  • 44 Then Jesus cried out, “Whoever believes in me does not believe in me only, but in the one who sent me. 45 The one who looks at me is seeing the one who sent me. 46 have come into the world as a light, so that no one who believes in me should stay in darkness.
    • He cried out!!! They were not responding with confession, they were not all believing, and this caused Jesus to cry out!  To be heard above anything else, to give them another chance to give them no excuse.  I believe He still does it today!
    • Jesus is saying here, you can’t just believe that I am the Messaiah, but you must believe I am God sent to save you from the darkness. The darkness is lies, evil, sin, pride, fear, worry, lust, gluttony, covetness and all those things that move us away from the light.
    • He is saying you cannot just say in your hearts that I am a good man, a smart man, a great teacher or a prophet. You must know, I am God. I am the Savior of you souls!
    • And that you must get who God is really. You can only know who God is really because of Jesus. Other religions believe in the God of Moses.  But if you do not believe in the God of Jesus, you have missed Who God really is.
      • 1Pe 1:21 Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and glorified him, and so your faith and hope are in God.
    • Christ did not replace God. God did not change from God to Christ. Even though they are one, they are separate. Christ is a part of God. Just like we have mind, body and soul…. so God has God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost.
    • God is making himself know through Christ. If we want to know what God is like, look at Christ. That is how God showed Himself to us.
    • Jesus says we do not have to live in darkness (sin), separation from God. We don’t have to abide in it. We can live in the light. Stay in the light. We may slip into the darkness once in a while, but we don’t have to live there. Christ made the way to save us from that darkness.

▪     1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

▪     Matthew 10:32-34 So everyone who acknowledges me before men, I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in heaven, but whoever denies me before men, I also will deny before my Father who is in heaven. “Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace, but a sword.

▪     1 John 4:15 Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God, God abides in him, and he in God.

 

  • 47 “If anyone hears my words but does not keep them, I do not judge that person. For I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 There is a judge for the one who rejects me and does not accept my words; the very words I have spoken will condemn them at the last day. 49 For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken. 50 I know that his command leads to eternal life. So whatever I say is just what the Father has told me to say.”
    • Jesus came to save the world. Later the judging will come
    • But God made it so simple, in essence we are the ones who judge, we are the ones who believe or accept. Jesus is very clear. Believe and you will have eternal life. Reject and you choose to pay the price for that rejection!
    • He is summing up everything they need to know. They need to understand!  Time is short, He is about to be crucified. He is not going to stop telling everyone in earshot.
      • How great it would be if we felt that same urgency!!

CHAPTER 13

  •  Joh 13:1 It was just before the Passover Festival. Jesus knew that the hour had come for him to leave this world and go to the Father. Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. Joh 13:2  The evening meal was in progress, and the devil had already prompted Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus. Joh 13:3  Jesus knew that the Father had put all things under his power, and that he had come from God and was returning to God; Joh 13:4  so he got up from the meal, took off his outer clothing, and wrapped a towel around his waist. Joh 13:5  After that, he poured water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet, drying them with the towel that was wrapped around him.
    • He loved them to the end! He showed this by humbling Himself and washing their feet!
      • I always am amazed at this. So many things to think about!
        • He is God!
          • Now if God can wash some very dirty feet of the people He loved, then what ought we be willing to do?
        • Judas was there!
          • His betrayer, His enemy. He washed his feet!  We are not too good to humble ourselves before our enemies.   Hard hard lesson.  Think of those people who don’t like you or you don’t like. The ones who stress you to the most. Would you wash their feet?
        • Feet??!!
          • Feet for heaven’s sake!
          • 1Co 12:22 On the contrary, those parts of the body that seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23  and the parts that we think are less honorable we treat with special honor. And the parts that are un-presentable are treated with special modesty, 24  while our presentable parts need no special treatment. But God has put the body together, giving greater honor to the parts that lacked it, 25  so that there should be no division in the body, but that its parts should have equal concern for each other. 26  If one part suffers, every part suffers with it; if one part is honored, every part rejoices with it. 27  Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it.
            • We must remember that throughout Jesus’ journey here on earth, the lowly were chosen, the ones who no one would touch, were touched and healed, the ones who were scum of the earthy, He ate with.
            • If we spend our time and energy on who we think are the good ones, then we are not being Christ like.
            • Spend your time, money and effort on whoever God shows you to. And I bet they are not the ones you would have chosen. I would choose the ones who I thought might appreciate it most or the easiest fixed. Jesus did neither of these.
              • He picked the hard cases.
              • He kept on teaching people who wanted to kill Him.
              • He walked miles and miles to get to the ones who were not close to Him.
              • He went to them, He had no home.
              • He picked the lowly and not educated.
            • And He washed Judas’ feet. His enemy, His betrayer. He got down and washed his feet.
              • We can just not like someone because of their personalities and we won’t even be nice to them.
              • He did this knowing! I can not even imagine.
              • I believe we need to get a new definition of humble. I do! I think I will make it my next personal study.
  • 6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?” 7 Jesus replied, “You do not realize now what I am doing, but later you will understand.” 8  “No,” said Peter, “you shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered, “Unless I wash you, you have no part with me.” 9  “Then, Lord,” Simon Peter replied, “not just my feet but my hands and my head as well!”
    • I love this! Love it love it love it.  Everything about it!
    • Since Peter was startled, I guess that he was first.
      • So Peter, knew who he was compared to Jesus. At least he got it somewhat!  He knew he did not deserve for the Master to was his feet.  None of us do!
        • And in all truth, who are we that He should die for us. This foot washing was something!  But He would soon die for Peter. And us.
      • Jesus tells him that he will understand later.
        • I hold on to this verse. There are so many times I do not understand what Jesus is doing, why He chose me and saved me. Sometimes I look around at the world and do not understand lots of things! But I just tell myself to wait and I someday I will understand, or I just plain don’t need to know.
        • And we need to learn from this in our everyday life. We do not see the big picture! And that allowing Jesus to work in our lives is faith. Faith does not understand, faith just believes!
      • Peter says never. Never say never.   Especially to God!
        • Luke 17:7-8 This is how Peter feels most likely. It is how we should feel. God does not need to be jumping up and down for joy when we serve Him, He does not need to lift us up. It is our job to lift Him up, to serve Him and to just KNOW it is our job.
        • Peter knew it was not Jesus’ job to serve him.
          • Humbleness serves rather it is your job or not.
          • Humbleness gets rid of levels of importance among people.
          • Humbleness does what needs done.
          • Humbleness does the dirty work and the clean work.
        • And Peter ended up asking himself what we all should ask ourselves, “Who am I that grace should be offered to me?” Grace, is God, who does not have to do anything and whom we should be doing all for, giving us anything!
        • In part Peter’s refusal is a sign of humbleness … but it is totally a sign that he though he knew better than Jesus what Jesus ought to do.
          • How many times do we think we know better? Don’t we ask Him, GOD ALMIGHTY, to give us what WE want?  I wish I could get to a point where I never ask for anything but what He wants.
        • And then Jesus says, unless He washes us we have no part with Him. None, nothing, zilch!
          • We cannot clean ourselves up. He has to. He is the one who makes us white as snow!
            • We must let Him wash us! If He does not do it, we are still dirty.
  • 10 Jesus answered, “Those who have had a bath need only to wash their feet; their whole body is clean. And you are clean, though not every one of you.”
    • When God washes us we are clean. Jesus said it. We are! Pure. God sees us that way!  So very exciting. He cleaned us from the inside out!
    • But we still sin. We still get a bit of dirt on us while we are here on this earth. Dirt is a daily part of life. The dirt of the earth gets on us on our outsides. It makes us look dingy, feel dirty. But we are still clean as far as God sees. We have just got a little dusty and to be more like the original cleaning He did for us, we clean off the dust.
      • Like a boy who’s mom cleaned him up. Washed his hair, clothes, body and then sent him outside. She tells him she loves him and that he is beautiful and that she will always love him. She knows full well he is going to get dirty. And he does. But when he turns back toward the house and thinks of his mom, he realizes how dirty he is. He thinks she just cleaned me!  He brushes himself off, wipes his hands, pats down his hair and goes back to mom. He knows he is dirty, but he knows that the part that matters is that he is hers, and she loves him. Dirt will never change that.  And what does she do?  Clean him up again when he comes to her.  And the process starts all over. He did not become lost to her because he got dirty. We cannot think that we do either.
      • We can avoid dirt. Not all, but most of it.  If you look at the boy to a man you can see how as he matures he begins to avoid dirt. Now if the wind whips up a dust storm and we are caught in it, we might get dirtier than expected. But in general, as we mature we learn how to stay cleaner.
        • As our sanctification process happens we begin to learn to avoid sin. But we are never totally free from it. So we need to go back to Jesus for cleaning of the parts that got dirty.
        • 119:9 We learn from the Bible how to stay clean. The more you study it, the more you know!
      • Now we should not be like the little boy who as soon as he gets cleaned up he turns around and jumps in the same mud puddle. His mom will still clean him up. She will still be his mom, but some consequences will happen. And if he keeps doing it, worse consequences happen!  We need to learn from the dirt and the cleansing each day and not jump back in the same puddle!
      • Feet cleansing represents walking holy and undefiled.
  • 11 For he knew who was going to betray him, and that was why he said not every one was clean.
    • Judas looked as clean as the rest. Did what the others did. Probably was Baptized like the rest. He looked, smelled, talked and acted like a disciple. But he was not and Jesus knew it.
    • He told all of the disciples that one was not clean.
      • He wanted them aware that all who look clean are not. Some can look clean and be filthy on the inside. The outside is not where God is concerned about. It is the inside.
  • 12 When he had finished washing their feet, he put on his clothes and returned to his place. “Do you understand what I have done for you?” he asked them.
    • Jesus does not want us clueless. He wants us to know Him, God and God’s will. It is not a secret. He tells us over and over. The whole Bible is telling us the will of God. We, if we are willing to learn from His Word, His teachings, need not be confused.
  • 13 “You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and rightly so, for that is what I am.
    • In this day and time I think we forget that Jesus is the great Teacher! We need to learn from Him. Actively seek to learn from HIM.
    • Matthew Henry: didaskalos – our teacher and instructor in all necessary truths and rules, as a prophet revealing to us the will of God. He is our Lord, kurios – our ruler and owner, that has authority over us and propriety in us.
  • 14 Now that I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also should wash one another’s feet. 15 I have set you an example that you should do as I have done for you.
    • We become servants. Humble ourselves, do not be the one who needs to be taken care of.
      Be the one who takes care of others.
    • We need to help others see and clean off their sins
    • We are to imitate Christ. Do what he did.
      • Do not think you are not worthy to do what He did. He would not have said this if that were the case.
    • Matthew 11:29, 1 Corinthians 10:24, Hebrews 6:10
    • Galatians 6:1         We cannot clean someone spiritually, but we can help them see the need for cleaning.  Just be sure to do it as humbly as if you were washing their feet!
    • 1 John 3:17 1 John 2:6 We must imitate Him. We cannot be perfect but as we all know in the Ladies’ Bible Study group, the goal is perfection!
    • 1 Corinthians 9:22 We must be able to approach and help people. If you are haughty, you will not be able to approach the poor and miserable. You must become poor and miserable, or at least to where they believe you know what poor and miserable is. So that you can comfort them.
    • Matthew Henry wrote: But all Christians likewise are here taught to condescend to each other in love, and to do it as Christ did it, unasked, unpaid; we must not be mercenary in the services of love, nor do them with reluctancy.
  • 16 Very truly I tell you, no servant is greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.
    • We can never ever think anything Jesus did is below us. What did he do?
      • Washed feet
      • Spent time with the outcast
      • Touched the leaper
      • Had no home.
      • Cooked for his disciples.
      • He was persecuted
      • He was mocked
      • He was beaten
      • He was killed
      • He left His comfortable, glorious home for us and lived in the dirty world.
      • He healed.
      • He comforted
      • He taught
      • He offered and still offers grace.
  • 17 Now that you know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.
    • This translate to something like this: If you have learned these things and believe them, you will be happy if you continue to do them!”
    • The opposite is: persons who know and do not, are very unhappy.  If you catch yourself unhappy, go out and wash someone’s feet.  Humble yourself and serve others.
    • Listen here! People are against teaching that you will be blessed because there are seems that there are so many people out there who are good and kind and devote Christians who are suffering.  But Jesus said it.  Now He went through hard times.  Very hard times.  So we may not escape hard times, but He says we will be blessed and I believe Him!!
  • 18 “I am not referring to all of you; I know those I have chosen. But this is to fulfill this passage of Scripture: ‘He who shared my bread has turned against me.’
    • He is not saying all of you will be happy!
    • He is not talking about choosing of the disciples. He chose Judas as a disciple. He is talking about choosing them to grace and glory, to everlasting salvation and happiness; of these he was well assured, that they were all clean, pure, and spotless, in the sight of God. To those who believe in Him.
    • Psalm 41:9
    • Also, lets consider that He picked Judas to be amongst them knowing what he would do. He had problems right in His face that He was aware of.  But for the glory of God, He did all He was suppose to do, even endure a traitor would bring about His death.  Are we willing to put up with whatever glorifies God, even if it hurts us?  Can we endure some people among us that we think are our enemies?  Can we look in the face of them day after day and treat them with grace?  We, if we are to follow Christ’s example, should try.  We should reach for that goal of perfection.
  • 19 “I am telling you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe that I am who I am.
    • When you are counting miracles that Jesus did, we ought to count, in my opinion, His knowing of things that He could not know.
  • 20 Very truly I tell you, whoever accepts anyone I send accepts me; and whoever accepts me accepts the one who sent me.”
    • We should take this verse into account when we want to talk smack about preachers and teachers who God sent. So when one does something we think we want to talk smack about, stop and ask ourselves, do we believe they were sent by God, if yes, remember this and don’t do it. Of course we should not do it anyway, but this is another reminder.
    • Every one won’t except us as we witness Jesus, but when they do, they except God, and when they don’t, they reject God.
  • 21 After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “Very truly I tell you, one of you is going to betray me.”
    • I hate that Jesus was troubled, but it reassures me when I am troubled that it is not always sin. This kind of troubled means He was sad. We have a right to be sad sometimes.  Things hurt our feelings.  God gave us feelings.
    • Matthew Henry said, “ He had often spoken of his own sufferings and death, without any such trouble of spirit as he here manifested when he spoke of the ingratitude and treachery of Judas. This touched him in a tender part. “
      • Jesus knew He would be back in glory and this time of hardship would pass. But Jesus/God wants to be loved, to be respected and to trust ,  and those a characteristics that He gave to us too.
      • Betrayal hurts. There is no use in pretending it doesn’t. But there is not need to sin in it either.
  • 22 His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. 23 One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him.
    • Many people believe and state that because of this saying found throughout John that Jesus loved John more than the rest. But here is what I believe;
      • John wrote the book this is said in. I believe it is like this.  If I was writing it, I would be so in awe that Jesus loved me, that I am using that phrase to show my amazement, my humbleness.  He loves me!  Hallelujah!
      • Jesus did trust John. He gave His mother to him. He was at the cross when others were not. He gave Revelations to him. I believe because John was trustworthy and Jesus knew it. But I believe on John’s part He was just amazed that Jesus could love him so!
      • So basically what I am saying is John had his gifts. He was trustworthy! And Jesus used those gifts. But that, to me, does not mean Jesus loved him more. Everyone has different gifts and we are entrusted with them to use them. When we do, Jesus, gives us more.
  • 24 Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.” 25 Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?”
    • That’s Peter, speaking up. He probably whispered it to John who was next to Jesus.  And John complied.
  • 26 Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 As soon as Judas took the bread, Satan entered into him. So Jesus told him, “What you are about to do, do quickly.”
    • He answered John. But we see in the next verse that they did not understand.
    • Jesus offered Judas bread. Judas took it, but not with good intent.  Probably thought, look, He thinks I am special!
      • It reminds me of Pro 25:21 If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat; if he is thirsty, give him water to drink. 22  In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head, and the LORD will reward you.
    • Satan entered him. (Only time the word Satan is used in the Gospels, Devil was, but not Satan) Now lets not get too confused over this, Judas was bad before this. Remember in John 6:70 Jesus said one of them was devil.
    • This is the what happens to one who plays with the devil!
    • Luke 11:26 and Eph. 2:2 I believe at this time was when Satan took complete control.
  • 28 But no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him.
    • Joh 13:29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival, or to give something to the poor.
      • They did not get that the betrayal was going to cost Jesus His life!
  • 30 As soon as Judas had taken the bread, he went out. And it was night. 31 When he was gone, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified and God is glorified in him. 32  If God is glorified in him, God will glorify the Son in himself, and will glorify him at once.
    • Now Jesus is talking to His true disciples. I imagine it was a relief that His betrayer was gone.
    • He Is glorified because His redemption work is now begging! He is the ONE God said was good enough to redeem us and now that work is happening.
    • Give God glory and He gives glory back.
    • Joh 17:5  And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began.
  • 33 “My children, I will be with you only a little longer. You will look for me, and just as I told the Jews, so I tell you now: Where I am going, you cannot come.
    • My Children! He loves us as His own!
    • To the cross, to the grave and to the resurrection.
    • We can go to our own cross, grave and resurrection, but not to the one that saves the world!
  • 34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”
    • Jesus is setting things in order and teaching “his children” how to live without Him.
      • Lev 19:18 “‘Do not seek revenge or bear a grudge against anyone among your people, but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the LORD.
        • But now we are to love each other as he has loved us.
          • Love your enemies;
          • Lay down your lives for each other.
          • Serve each other
          • Heal each other
          • Teach each other
          • Serve each other
          • Feed each other
          • Comfort each other
          • Bearing with each other
          • Forgiving each other
          • Building each other up in faith and holiness.
          • Without favoritism
  • 36 Simon Peter asked him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied, “Where I am going, you cannot follow now, but you will follow later.” 37 Peter asked, “Lord, why can’t I follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.” 38 Then Jesus answered, “Will you really lay down your life for me? Very truly I tell you, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times!
    • Always Peter spoke up. I bet the other disciples were glad!
    • Peter did not believe Jesus. He thought Jesus was wrong. He had more faith in himself than what Jesus said.
      • This is what we do all the time when we do not believe any part of the Bible. Or we believe it for others but not ourselves.
    • Peter believed he he would follow Christ any and everywhere.
      • Meyer: Peter relied upon his strong resolution to keep him faithful to his Master, but found it unavailing, as we have ourselves experienced many a time. Do not vaunt in self-confidence what you will or will not do, but seek strength from the living Lord. How little we know ourselves!
    • I have learned through the years to not say I will never do this or that or I will always do this or that. I am not completely dependable. And neither is anyone else.  (So give people a break!)
    • Peter thought he was brave. But bravery is fleeting. He was not brave at that time.  But later, after He saw Christ die and arise, he became braver.
      • Christ said later he would follow Him.
        • Later after your faith has grown.
        • Later after the Holy Spirit is in you to strengthen you.
        • Later after you have seen glorious things!
        • Later when he learned not lean on his own self-confidence but to lean on the guidance and power of Christ!
        • Later when he abased his pride and self assurance and put his faith in Christ.
      • Our sanctification process is like that. We grow and become stronger in faith. Little by little, step by step.
    • I imagine Peter was very confused at this point. How could Jesus not believe him? He knew he loved Jesus and would follow Him.  How could Jesus doubt him?
    • Also, note, that to say before the rooster crows was a prediction of the time that Christ would be taken. At night.

What God showed me in this chapter.

We have no fellowship with Jesus unless we let Him clean us up.  He was not talking salvation, but everyday life.  Repent, repent, repent!

And then serve, humble yourself and serve!

Chapter 14 chapter breaks are sad sometimes.  They help us find things, but sometimes they break where there was no break.  So Jesus just told Peter he would deny Him. It seems he ended there, but He did not. The next thing Jesus said to Peter was to not be troubled!  And He goes on to tell Peter much more. The way to be in a right relationship with Jesus.   He did not leave Peter hanging as the chapter break makes it look.  He gave him directions and hope!

  •  1 “Do not let your hearts be troubled. You believe in God; believe also in me. 2  My Father’s house has many rooms; if that were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you?
    • Don’t be troubled! Don’t let yourself be troubled!   Wow!  Now He is talking to the disciples who He just told He is leaving.  But He does not want them to worry.
      • But if we read other places in the Bible, He never wants us to worry! He just wants us to believe in Him! The remedy for a troubled heart is faith in Jesus!
      • Plus He is giving them the blessed hope we all have. He will come again for us.
    • Jesus clearly makes Himself equal to God!
    • Vernon McGee wrote, “To believe in God means you are not an atheist, but to be a Christian, you must have personal faith and trust in Christ.”
    • Okay, have you ever thought about the created things of God. I am not going to say the created world, or our solar system, or other galactical systems, which we keep finding out there are more.  Who knows maybe these rooms to God are universes to us?  The Greek word is Mone meaning abiding places.
      • Now lets think for a moment how big that is? Now put the earth into perspective. It is tiny. Now put yourself into that perspective.  How tiny!
        • And yet God so loved the world!!!!! He so loved you!  You little bitty tiny creation of His.  He so loved you that He gave his Son!  And that Son so loves you that He is making a place for you!
          • I just wonder in all of His creation where and what kind of place? Isn’t it going to be grand!!!!???!!!
        • So next time you feel small, and unworthy, which we are, remember in all of this vast creation of God, you are the one He chose. You are special.
      • There has been lots of talk about what kind of place we will have; a mansion, a shack. It does not matter to me, nor will it to anyone else, because coveting is a sin and there is no sin in heaven!
      • Something I realized for the first time here is we talk about Jesus not having a home. But the disciples left all they had to follow him. They gave it up. I wonder what we would be truly willing to give up if Jesus called us to leave it behind?
  • 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and take you to be with me that you also may be where I am.
    • He wants us! He wants to dwell with us!   So humbling
    • And all He feels we need to know is that we will be with Him. Good enough for me!
    • He has to go there before us, because He is what we need to be in heaven.
  • 4 You know the way to the place where I am going.” 5 Thomas said to him, “Lord, we don’t know where you are going, so how can we know the way?” 6 Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.
    • I have always been thankful for Peter and his big mouth. But I am thankful for Thomas and his questioning too! Jesus is so patient with him.  It is not wrong to show you do not understand!  Speak up so that you can learn the truth.
    • THE way. No other way, THE only way, just Jesus.
      • No Budda, no being good, no John Smith, no knocking on doors, no other way. Nada!
    • The truth, no other truth, just Jesus
      • Without Jesus there is no truth. Very very deep. He is the standard for truth, the truth, every truth is based in Him. He created it all after all.
    • The Life, no other life, just Jesus.
      • Jesus is the author and giver of life. Without Him no life exists!
    • Now aren’t we glad Thomas asked the question?
    • “I am the way, the truth, and the life. Without the way there is no going; without the truth there is no knowing; without the life there is no living. I am the way which thou shouldst pursue; the truth which thou shouldst believe; the life which thou shouldst hope for” (Thomas a Kempis, “Imitation of Christ,”
  • 7 If you really know me, you will know my Father as well. From now on, you do know him and have seen him.” 8 Philip said, “Lord, show us the Father and that will be enough for us.” 9 Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?
    • Many know Christ, who yet do not know what they might know of him, nor see what they should see in him…Matthew Henry.
    • He is saying to Philip that He should know Jesus better by now, after all this time. Now, I am not sure how long Philip was with Jesus, but it was no longer than a little over three years. And Jesus thought he should know Him better by then.
      • This should make us ponder our own knowledge of Christ. How well do we know Him?
        • How long have you been saved? Long enough to know Him better?
      • This rebuke from Jesus to Philip should give us a warning.
        • John 1:45 Philip knew some. He started out believing. He had some faith. But he did not grow at the rate he should had in his faith.
          • Matthew Henry also said one of my favorite things….The longer we enjoy the means of knowledge and grace, the more inexcusable we are if we be found defective in grace and knowledge.
            • We are not to always be babes in Christ. We are to grow in faith and understanding and maturity. We are not to always have someone feed us but we are to start taking in deeper understanding and then we can share it as we have been instructed!
          • If we know Jesus, we know God. Jesus is the representation of God! He is God in the flesh.
          • In John 1:18 Jesus says no man has ever seen God, but that Jesus declares Him. In the old testament, when people laid eyes on God, it was Jesus.
          • Philip was anxious to see God. As we all should be.  But like Philip, we need to understand that Jesus is what we can see of God.  He came to earth to show us God. God is a spirit. But He came as a man, to show us characteristics of Himself.
          • Meyer says…..The yearning of the heart of man was truly set forth by Philip in his request to see the Father; but never before had it dawned upon human intelligence that the divine can find its supreme revelation in the simplicities and commonplaces of human existence. While Philip was waiting for the Father to be shown in lightning and thunder and the splendor of Sinai, he missed the daily unfolding of the life with which he dwelt in daily contact. To see Jesus was to see the Father. Nothing could more certainly prove the need of the Holy Spirit, by whom alone we can know the Lord.
            • They did not have the Holy Spirit yet who would tell them “all things”. Thank you Jesus that we live in the Holy Spirit era!
  • 10 Don’t you believe that I am in the Father, and that the Father is in me? The words I say to you I do not speak on my own authority. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work.
    • His words are Holy. In sync with His actions. Don’t we wish ours were!
    • When Jesus spoke, He was always, always, listening to the Father.
      • We now have the Holy Spirit in us. How awesome it would be if we were to listen to Him before we speak!
  • 11 Believe me when I say that I am in the Father and the Father is in me; or at least believe on the evidence of the works themselves.
    • Someone was healed by touching the hem of Jesus’ clothes, but in Acts 5:15 a shadow of Peter did it.!
    • In Acts 19:12 we are told that things Paul touched healed people.
    • At the Pentecost thousands were saved!
    • AND He did not just say you standing here will do these things. He said whoever believes in me. We can! If it is God’s will and if we do not doubt. Mountains move!  That is one reason we should not fear or worry. We have all that power in us by the Holy Spirit of God. Who should we fear?  What should we fear?
    • JOHN 10:30 Jesus said He and the Father are one!
    • It is important to remember that whatever Jesus did, it was because God was in Him. He represented God. Sometimes I think of Jesus as one way and God as another.
      • I think of Jesus as more loving one on one and God as more loving my people.
      • I think of God as always judging me but Jesus as my big brother defending me.
      • I think of Jesus as willing to come down to my level and God on His throne.
      • But all of this is wrong thinking. God and Jesus are one! Jesus judges, God loves individually! God is as close to me as Jesus! God loves me!  Individually!
      • And then Jesus says at least believe because of the works. By my life and what I did in essence.  Miracles, and no sinning, loving and caring for others and His amazing knowledge of Godly things.
        • We might not be believed because of our words, but lets pray we can be believed because of our lives!
  • 12 Very truly I tell you, whoever believes in me will do the works I have been doing, and they will do even greater things than these, because I am going to the Father. 13 And I will do whatever you ask in my name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 You may ask me for anything in my name, and I will do it.
    • Sometime you should go back and count how many times “Father” was said by Jesus in this time of His speaking.
    • Now right before this He said we will do greater things. And the next thing He says is pray. We will not do greater things without prayer!
    • It is also clear that we should ask. Not demand. Sometimes I hear prayers that are telling God what He ought to do. Because we think we know what is best. I am seeking to stop this. And to really understand that compared to some people I may know better, but compared to God, I know nothing and I need to put all my trust into the one who does know!!!
    • And what do you think “Ask in my name” means. All of the implications of this? Here are some I come up with.
      • Get ourselves out of the way. I want I want so give give.
      • Recognize Who has the power.
      • Ask the One who did not sin. Because maybe what we are asking is not appropriate for Jesus to answer.
      • Ask the One whose will should be followed, not ours.
      • Ask the One you want to glorify!
      • Everything comes back to faith in Jesus as the One who makes us acceptable to God in the first place. Can we even talk to God without Jesus? If He had not made the way and became our High Priest for us?
    • Did you notice He said He would do it. Not have it done. Not tell someone else to do it. Not even give us the way to do it. He will do it. He has all power!!!!
    • And we should really recognize the reason He will give us what we ask, to glorify the Father.
      • So reason says if you are asking something that does not glorify God, it is not happening!
  • 15 “If you love me, keep my commands.
    • There is not pause here. Right after I will do whatever you ask, is telling us that just to say we love Him is not where He wants us to stop. We need to show it by keeping His commands.
    • Love is an action and Jesus is clear here, if we love Him we will keep His commands.
    • I love how Dr. Ironside put it… paraphrasing here… If we try to claim the above promise of asking and receiving in Jesus’ name, without the love and keeping of commandments, it is like trying to cash a check made out to someone else!
      • We can’t claim things that are not ours.
    • What are Jesus’ commands?
    • To me it like saying these things go hand in hand. Asking God and doing our duty. Blessings and duty.  Remember the analogy of the kid who is throwing a fit in the store and would a parent give it everything it wants and more at that time?  When the child stops disobeying and begins to obey, then they begin to receive blessings. Before that it is just reprimands and teachings about what is the right way to act.
    • What are His commands? We should know because this because we are told several times to do it.
      1. John 21:15-17.   When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon son of John, do you love me more than these?” “Yes, Lord,” he said, “you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Feed my lambs.” Joh 21:16  Again Jesus said, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” He answered, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Take care of my sheep.” Joh 21:17  The third time he said to him, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, “Do you love me?” He said, “Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Feed my sheep.
    • From: http://www.bible.ca/7-keep-command.htm
      • (Jn 14:15 If you love Me, you will keep My commandments.
    • Jn 14:21 He who has My commandments and keeps them, he it is who loves Me
    • 1 Jn 2:3 And by this we know that we have come to know Him, if we keep His commandments
    • 1 Jn 5:2 By this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God and observe His commandments. For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome.
    • 2 Jn 6 And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it. )
    • So what is His commands (plural)?
      1. Matthew 22:36-40 “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?” And He said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ “This is the great and foremost commandment. “The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ “On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.”
    • Wow! He wants us to love!  If we do not love, we are not obeying!
    • It is all about love. If you LOVE me…. LOVE God and LOVE others
  • 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever–
    • So here is one of them times that even though Jesus and God are one, scripture shows they are also separate and have different abilities. God gives the Holy Spirit in us.  Jesus asked Him to. God is a Spirit.
    • The Holy Spirit helps us to keep Jesus’ commands. Without It, I don’t think we could.
  • 17 the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him. But you know him, for he lives with you and will be in you.
    • This is, to me, where the one unforgivable sin comes in. The world cannot see Him nor Know Him. When one refuses to give up the world for the Holy Spirit’s prompting and refuse to see Who He really is, then hope is gone.
    • Spirit of truth. What is the truth ? Jesus Therefore, the Holy Spirit is part of the Trinity.
  • 18 I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.
    • .. He loves us!
  • 19 Before long, the world will not see me anymore, but you will see me. Because I live, you also will live. 20 On that day you will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you.
      • Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
      • Jesus is in in His Father. One with Him in heaven. We are in him… through salvation and He is in us through the receiving of the Holy Spirit.
  • 21 Whoever has my commands and keeps them is the one who loves me. The one who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I too will love them and show myself to them.”
    • Here it is again. You know when teachers repeat their selves in a classroom, you better write it down because it will be on the test. Jesus is emphasizing this!  It is doubly important!
    • What are His commands???
      • 22:34 Hearing that Jesus had silenced the Sadducees, the Pharisees got together. 35 One of them, an expert in the law, tested him with this question: 36 “Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?”37 Jesus replied: “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and greatest commandment. 39 And the second is like it: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.”
      • John 13:34 “A new command I give you: Love one another. As I have loved you, so you must love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you love one another.”
  • 22 Then Judas (not Judas Iscariot) said, “But, Lord, why do you intend to show yourself to us and not to the world?” 23 Jesus replied, “Anyone who loves me will obey my teaching. My Father will love them, and we will come to them and make our home with them.
      • And here it is a third time! What does that say to you??? Obedience is not just a thing you might do.  You do it!!!
  • 24 Anyone who does not love me will not obey my teaching. These words you hear are not my own; they belong to the Father who sent me.
    • Many times while studying the Bible I tell myself the opposite of what the verse means so that I can understand the debt of it more clearly.
    • Here Jesus did that for us. If we do not obey Him, we do not love Him.
  • 25 “All this I have spoken while still with you. 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.
    • The Holy Spirit will do two things per Jesus.
      • Teach us ALL things ….. some things? Most things?  A few things?  All things!
        • I believe it is like the mind. They say we only use a part of it and that there is much more to be used. To me that makes sense because some people obviously use very little and some use so much more than I can even phantom.
          • But the Holy Spirit knows and will teach us all things. God and the Holy Spirit are one. Which means that if God does not force us, but gives us free will in everything, then the Spirit does to. Therefore, we are not forced to know all things, but it is there is we seek the knowledge. I for one plan on trying to seek it more often and in more abundance!
          • Jesus said the Spirit would also remind of all that He said. Jesus is the Word. I believe He said the whole Bible!
            • You know I have experienced this before. When I have been in a situation I have heard that Spirit tell me something from the Bible that is useful for the moment. And later I cannot think of it for anything or that I ever knew it before.
  • 27 Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid.
    • Jesus is like a father who is dying and leaving His greatest possessions to His children!
      • First He left a part of Himself, the Holy Spirit.
      • Now He is leaving HIS peace! Not just peace. HIS peace!
        • What is HIS peace?
          • Peace that passes understanding.
          • Peace that knows the end times and how it comes out.
          • Peace that knows who is in control and is not afraid of anything.
          • Peace that is Holy and pure.
          • Peace that is full of love and compassion.
          • Peace that comes from the one who created this world with a purpose and a planned end.
        • He does not give us peace as the world gives peace it is so much more.
          • The world’s peace is temporary, His is forever.
          • The world’s peace is contaminated with sin, His is pure.
          • The world’s peace is superficial, His is all the way deep into the soul!
          • The world’s peace is sometimes and illusion, His is real.
          • The world’s peace is contingent on how people who change their minds and are swayed by emotions, His is steadfast and always there.
          • The world’s peace is understood on human terms, His passes all understanding!
        • And immediately after saying He leaves us His peace He says do not be troubled or afraid.
          • These things are the opposite of peace.
          • He is saying choose the peace. God always gives us free choice. Just like salvation is there for the taking. Free gift, no strings attached, we just have to choose to take it, so is His peace right here, ready and waiting to be chosen instead of choosing to be troubled or choosing to be afraid. Choose peace. Not just any peace, but His peace!
  • 28 “You heard me say, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ If you loved me, you would be glad that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I. 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He has no hold over me, 31 but he comes so that the world may learn that I love the Father and do exactly what my Father has commanded me. “Come now; let us leave.
    • He told them of His going before hand so they would see His Omniscience to help them in their faith and to let them know these things must happen for His will to be done!
    • Satan has no hold over Jesus. None, nada, zilch!
      • But Jesus is going to lay down His life so that the world may see and know the love of God through Jesus Christ our savior!

JOHN CHAPTER 15

 

  • 1 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener.
    • The word true here means genuine. He used this same word to say He was that John the Baptist reflected light but he was the true light. Again when talking about Moses giving bread, He said He was the true bread.
    • 80:8-9, Isa. 5:1 and 7, Jer. 2:21, Hos 10:1.  Before now the word vine indicated Israel. But Jesus is now telling them that He is the true vine. Israel was just a arrow pointing to Him. He does not want us holding on to religion, rules, places or things. Just Him! Don’t identify ourselves with the religion, but with Christ!
    • Before now the Jews considered God the owner of the garden, but not the keeper, the worker, the one who takes care of the vine by His own hand.
      • Jesus is telling them that God takes care of Jesus and all the branches.
  • 2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful.
    • A branch in Jesus that bears no fruit is taken away.
      • If we are in Jesus, we are saved. You can’t be in Jesus without being saved. So I believe He is talking to the saved people here. Not about how to get saved, but to those who are already His. I can see both views. But the words In Christ are critical to me.
      • What does taken away then mean if they are Christians? In verse 5 it says they are thrown away and wither, then burned.  Many think this is proof of them going to hell. I cannot get past the “IN CHRIST)!
        • So if they are Christians I believe they are moved out of the way one way or another.
          • Certainly death is one way.
          • Or maybe they are the ones who fall away from church.
          • Or they could be the ones who lose all influence over anyone. I know some Christians that no one listens to. Why? Because of no fruit. Who do we turn to, who do we trust?  Fruit bearers!
        • He is talking about fruit bearers. (Fruit is mentioned 6 times in the first 10 verses here. We will see there are 4 various branches of fruit bearers: those who bear none, those who bear fruit, those who bear more fruit and those who bear much.
          • I believe we all have different gifts, some have more than others. But fruit is not gifts. We should all be bearing fruit. And we bear according to how we respond the the gardener.
  • 3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you.
    • Another reason why I think He is talking to and about Christians.
    • How were they clean? By the Word. The words of Jesus!
    • We can be cleaned the same way, but the Word.
  • 4 Remain in me, as I also remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me. 5 “I am the vine; you are the branches. If you remain in me and I in you, you will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If you do not remain in me, you are like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned.
    • We must stay in Him. IN HIM. To say remain in me indicates a choice. We must choose to stay in Him and then we are fruitful.
      • I know from experience in my Christian life that this is true. When I back away from Him, I don’t bear fruit. I am a very useless Christian. But when I am in Him daily, I bear much more fruit!
      • Apart from Him we can do nothing. Boy do we need to get this!
    • What do you believe the fruit is? I believe it is the fruit of the spirit. I believe it is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance. Gal. 5:22-23
      • Do you want love? Joy? Peace?…..Abide in HIM!
  • 7 If you remain in me and my words remain in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.
    • IF we abide in Him, we will want what He wants. We will seek His will. This is not a rub the lantern for genie wishes. If His words are in you, you will ask for HIS will.
    • The big words here to pay attention to are if and abide/remain.
      • If is a condition. If you do this happens. The opposite of that is if you don’t it won’t happen.
        • Are your prayers being answered? If no, are you doing the other big word?
      • Abide or Remain Remember also, Jesus is the Word.
        • Abide means to live there, dwell there, hang there. It is the place you are the most.
        • Are you in the word and hanging with Jesus the most of all things you do? Do you go to it everyday? If you live somewhere, you go to it everyday. You want to go there and get some rest, some comfort, some peace., some joy! That is what abiding in the word is like. It is an all the time thing. Not 5 minutes here and there, not once a week at church. Living in it.
        • Where the Word dwells, Christ dwells. Where Christ dwells, the Word dwells.
  • 8 This is to my Father’s glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.
    • Sometimes people say they do not know God’s will. But the Bible if full of verses telling us what God wants from us. This is one.
      • Bear fruit … which shows you are a disciple of Christ! Simple.
      • We were told just a few verses ago how to bear fruit. Remain in Christ.
  • 9 “As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you. Now remain in my love.
    • We are loved by Jesus the way God loves Jesus. Wow! Are we not blessed!!!!
    • Why do we remain in Jesus. Because of love. He loves us, therefore, we love Him!
  • 10 If you keep my commands, you will remain in my love, just as I have kept my Father’s commands and remain in his love.
    • How do you remain in His love? Keep His commandments.
  • 11 I have told you this so that my joy may be in you and that your joy may be complete.
    • Jesus does not want us living sad, pitiful, angry, dissatisfied lives. He wants us to have joy. His joy! Complete joy!
  • 12 My command is this: Love each other as I have loved you.
    • A simple statement. A simple command. But not so simple to do. As He loves us? He died for us!  He left His glory for us!
    • Do we love others that way? I pray Jesus that I can learn to love more like you everyday! I am far from it, but I want to get there!
  • 13 Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one’s life for one’s friends.
    • Sure enough!
  • 14 You are my friends if you do what I command.
    • A lot of people see Jesus as their friend. I see that, and sometimes I feel that way. But to me this verse says the only way you can call Him friend is if you do His commandments.
      • So I feel like I walk into friendship and out of quite often! But don’t you know if you are being a friend, you are thinking of that person, uplifting that person, loving that person and putting them first.  Well Jesus said we need to do what He said. Love God Love others. So when I am all about me, I am not loving God and loving others.  Eyes on self are the opposite of loving others and loving God.
  • 15 I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master’s business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you.
    • This is the point that God got personal with us individually. The Jews knew God as all kinds of Holy things, but not as friend.  Jesus is showing us that He wants an extremely close relationship.
  • 16 You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you so that you might go and bear fruit–fruit that will last–and so that whatever you ask in my name the Father will give you.
    • This verse is awesome. We are going to break it down into parts. He chose you. He appoint you so that you might go.  He appointed you that you might bear fruit. He chose you so that you can ask God for what you want!!!!
      • He chose you. You did not do the choosing. God calls. We answer the call, but He calls. He created us. The creation cannot do the choosing!  He wants you!  He loves you!  He wants to spend eternity with you. Who does?  Jesus!  He died for you!  He chose you!
      • What did He choose you for?
        • To appoint you that you might go. Go where?  Go outside of yourself. Look outside of yourself. Look to others, look to Jesus. Move in those directions!
        • To appoint you to bear fruit Not temporary, short term fruit, but fruit that will last. He wants you to become a living witness.  A living billboard that flashes neon sign to the world… Jesus, Jesus, Jesus!
          • How do we do that? By bearing fruit. What is fruit?
            • Gal 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23  gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law.
          • What do these fruits do? They show Christ to the world. Think about it. Who do you know that is full of love, joy peace,  forbearance (patient self-control; restraint and tolerance), kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control?  I guarantee that is one person who will tell you Jesus is the reason!
        • And He chose us so that we can go directly to God the Father and ask for what we want.
          • Is this like a genie in a bottle, full of wishes?
          • I think not. The person who has the fruit above, who has been saved by grace and mercy, who is thankful beyond measure will ask things that are a part of who they are. Children of God. Holy, loving, and looking out for others.
            • Sure we can ask for things like a car. But ask yourself what does that car have to do with bearing fruit, being thankful, loving God and loving others. You may need it for those purposes. So ask! Ask ! Ask!
            • And we can ask silly things too. Jesus made a way that we can go to Abba Father directly. We can be children, babies, teenagers or grown adults going to their daddy. But Holy God will answer your prayer in a way that is Holy and right for you.  I am grateful for that as I look back on my life!
          • Jesus did not come so that we could be saved, but live in misery. He came and chose you so that you can be all that you can be in this world. Full of peace and joy!
          • How about we thank Him daily for that!
  • 17 This is my command: Love each other.
    • How simple can you make it? Jesus simply wants us to love one another.
  • 18 “If the world hates you, keep in mind that it hated me first. 19 If you belonged to the world, it would love you as its own. As it is, you do not belong to the world, but I have chosen you out of the world. That is why the world hates you.
    • Expect to be hated by the world. Expect it!
    • Jesus says clearly here if you belong to the world it would love you. So if you are going about your life and there is no opposition to anything you do, you might want to check if you are of this world.
    • But make note, it is worldly people who will hate you. Not the family of God!
      • But don’t be surprised if some people in church hate you.
        • They could be so caught up in their pride or sin that they are not being obedient.
        • They could be counterfeit Christians.
  • 20 Remember what I told you: ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will persecute you also. If they obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. 21 They will treat you this way because of my name, for they do not know the one who sent me.
    • We cannot expect a wonderful life. We go about thinking to ourselves that either we don’t deserve this hard life or someone else does not deserve cancer, or why should we have these problems. We ask for more more more comfort and happiness from God in the life.
    • But we are not greater than Jesus. Why should we expect a better life on earth than the Creator Himself had? Who are we to think such things?
    • 2Ti 3:12 In fact, everyone who wants to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, 13  while evildoers and impostors will go from bad to worse, deceiving and being deceived.
    • It is very evident in today’s world that “His namesakes” us, Christians are hated because of the name.
    • The people who persecute us, do not know God!
  • 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not be guilty of sin; but now they have no excuse for their sin.
    • Once Jesus came and told them the truth, there was no excuse. Still now, when the Holy Spirit speaks and calls but the person does not listen… unforgivable sin.
    • Joh 15:23 Whoever hates me hates my Father as well.
      • The ones who do not believe in Jesus but believe in God… like the Jews for example… are hating God yet thinking they love Him. But they are not believing in a part of Him.
  • 24 If I had not done among them the works no one else did, they would not be guilty of sin. As it is, they have seen, and yet they have hated both me and my Father. 25 But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’
    • We think now that if we had seen all those miracles we would have believed. But who knows? So many saw what He did and yet hated Him!
    • You can go around doing good, but that will not make the world love you if you are proclaiming His name while you do it.
  • 26 “When the Advocate comes, whom I will send to you from the Father–the Spirit of truth who goes out from the Father–he will testify about me. 27 And you also must testify, for you have been with me from the beginning.
    • The Holy Spirit will testify about Jesus.
      • Sometimes we think maybe that when we feel led to do something that it is not the Holy Spirit. Just us wanting something or maybe even Satan trying to deceive us.
      • But Jesus said the Holy Spirit will testify of Jesus.
        • Jesus is the truth, Jesus is the Word, Jesus is the Way, The life! If you are hearing these things .. it is the Holy Spirit.
        • If it has nothing to do with the Holy Word, Jesus being the Way, the Life and the Truth, then it is not the Holy Spirit.

CHAPTER 16

  • 1 “All this I have told you so that you will not fall away. Joh 16:2  They will put you out of the synagogue; in fact, the time is coming when anyone who kills you will think they are offering a service to God. Joh 16:3  They will do such things because they have not known the Father or me.
    • Fall away/offended/scandalized. Jesus did not want His disciples to be shocked when suffering comes! And not only suffering, but suffering from people who claim to doing it for God!  People who claim God but do not know Him or Jesus!
  • 4 I have told you this, so that when their time comes you will remember that I warned you about them. I did not tell you this from the beginning because I was with you, 5  but now I am going to him who sent me. None of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’ 6  Rather, you are filled with grief because I have said these things.
    • We need to remember too. We are not except from suffering for the sake of Christ. We here in America have been truly blessed, but that does not mean it will always be this way. I guarantee yo that many will be offended when they have to suffer for Christ sake. They will not be ready.
      • We need to remember we are told to wear armour!
      • We are in the Lord’s army.
      • We are not guaranteed a trouble free life
      • We are no better than Christ who suffered!
    • He knows they are focused on the fact that He said He was leaving. But He wants to bring them to a point of thinking about other things. And He wants to comfort them! And to teach them not to be overcome by sorrow.
  • 7 But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you.
    • Sometimes we think how wonderful it would be to have lived and walked with Jesus. But I tell you it is greater that we have His Spirit within us rather than His Human body beside us. We have Him all the time!
  • 8 When he comes, he will prove the world to be in the wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment: 9  about sin, because people do not believe in me; 10 about righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; 11  and about judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
    • Prove means to convict/convince.
    • What will He convict or prove?
        • Believing not on Jesus is the ultimate unforgivable sin.
          • Sometimes we look at certain sinners and say that is the greatest sin. Hitler? A child molester?  The greatest sin is not believing in Jesus Christ.
          • And the Holy Spirit is always calling and wooing for the sinner to come to Christ!
          • And the Holy Spirit is ever convicting us of our sins!
        • Righteousness
          • Jesus had to rise to prove He was righteous and for us to be righteous.
            • It is not enough that He died for our sins He had to cover them and make us righteous! He made us have a right to be in heaven with God!
            • The Holy Spirit is always show us Christ is our righteousness! Christ saved us from unrighteousness!
            • Everything has already been judged. We have … Romans 6:23. We have already been found guilty. If we try to stand before God on our own, we know the outcome. The world does not. They do not get that they have already been judged. Guilty and in need of a savior!
            • But here Jesus is saying even though Satan has had his run of the world. Judgment is set. And it will become most evident upon the return of Jesus!
            • The Holy Spirit is always showing us we are victorious in Jesus!
  • 12 “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13  But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
    • Guide you in all the truth!
      • Wow! We should listen!  All!  We don’t have to wonder? We can listen! We don’t have to guess, we can listen!
        • I believe this comes from praying and listening and studying His Word and listening!
      • 1Co 2:9 However, as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has conceived”– the things God has prepared for those who love him– 10  these are the things God has revealed to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of God. 11  For who knows a person’s thoughts except their own spirit within them? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.
  • 14 He will glorify me because it is from me that he will receive what he will make known to you. 15 All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will receive from me what he will make known to you.”
    • All things are His!
  • 16 Jesus went on to say, “In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me.” 17 At this, some of his disciples said to one another, “What does he mean by saying, ‘In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me,’ and ‘Because I am going to the Father’?”18 They kept asking, “What does he mean by ‘a little while’? We don’t understand what he is saying.” 19 Jesus saw that they wanted to ask him about this, so he said to them, “Are you asking one another what I meant when I said, ‘In a little while you will see me no more, and then after a little while you will see me’?
    • The disciples were only human. They did not get everything. We don’t either. But when we don’t get it, we need to ask Jesus! Not each other. Jesus first.
  • 20 Very truly I tell you, you will weep and mourn while the world rejoices. You will grieve, but your grief will turn to joy. 21 A woman giving birth to a child has pain because her time has come; but when her baby is born she forgets the anguish because of her joy that a child is born into the world. 22 So with you: Now is your time of grief, but I will see you again and you will rejoice, and no one will take away your joy.
    • When I think about what Jesus went through I feel sorrow. But then when I think about what that did for me and world, joy explodes!
    • It is hard to imagine how the disciples felt during all of this!
    • But Jesus is offering hope. He always does!
  • 23 In that day you will no longer ask me anything. Very truly I tell you, my Father will give you whatever you ask in my name. 24  Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete.
    • Very clear here, we are to pray to the Father, through Christ. After Christ, all prayer must go through Him. We are made acceptable to God by Christ!
    • Ask + receive = complete joy! But ask in faith. Ask when you have loved Christ like He said, by obeying. Don’t ask like a misbehaving child who thinks they deserve whatever they ask for and demand it, or expect it just because they ask.
    • Remember this, He is talking to His disciples! The ones who gave up everything and followed Him. The ones who really made Him Lord of their lives. The ones who obeyed Him!
      • Ask yourself, are you really His disciple?
        • Do you give up anything/everything to follow Him?
        • Do you follow Him, like as in everyday with Him? Where He goes you go?
          • These men gave up places to sleep, shelter, family, friends and people killed them for it. Are you willing to give up time to study what He has said to you? To do what He asks of you?
          • How can we expect joy if we are just His by name and grace and yet so greedy and wrongly focused with our time?
  • 25 “Though I have been speaking figuratively, a time is coming when I will no longer use this kind of language but will tell you plainly about my Father. 26  In that day you will ask in my name. I am not saying that I will ask the Father on your behalf.     27  No, the Father himself loves you because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God.
    • The Holy Spirit tells us plainly! We just need listen!
    • He will not ask the Father in our behalf.
      • Joh 14:16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever–
      • Heb 7:25 Therefore he is able to save completely those who come to God through him, because he always lives to intercede for them. 26  Such a high priest truly meets our need–one who is holy, blameless, pure, set apart from sinners, exalted above the heavens.
      • Rom 8:34 Who then is the one who condemns? No one. Christ Jesus who died–more than that, who was raised to life–is at the right hand of God and is also interceding for us.
      • Jesus is not saying the opposite of what He said elsewhere. He will be interceding for us! But He is saying, we now can go directly to God, He made a way. The Holy Spirit and the price Jesus paid for us made a way for God who loves us to hear us directly!
        • Why does He love us? Because we love Jesus and believe in Who He is!
          • Gal 5:6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcised has any value. The only thing that counts is faith expressing itself through love.
        • Lets not just skip by this verse! God loves us!  Cherish it!
  • 28 I came from the Father and entered the world; now I am leaving the world and going back to the Father.”  29  Then Jesus’ disciples said, “Now you are speaking clearly and without figures of speech.  30  Now we can see that you know all things and that you do not even need to have anyone ask you questions. This makes us believe that you came from God.”
    • Note He did not say He came from heaven. He came from the Father. One and the same.
  • 31 “Do you now believe?” Jesus replied.
    • Not before? Jesus knew when they believed, but He is saying, something along the lines of you could have got it a lot sooner if you had just opened up your eyes and heart.
    • We are that way today, not so much about salvation, I believe we in this group have that! But it seems Jesus has to tell us over and over and over and over before we get the things He is telling us to make this life what it ought to be. When He is trying to tell us how to live for Him. How to glorify Him. How to live a peaceful, joyful life.
      • We see it, we hear it, but we do not believe it unto faith that changes us!
  • 32 “A time is coming and in fact has come when you will be scattered, each to your own home. You will leave me all alone. Yet I am not alone, for my Father is with me.
    • Jesus does not need us. He is God!!
  • 33 “I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world.”
    • He wants us to have peace. It is there for us to have. Not because we will live a peaceful life, but because we know Him and we know the outcome! Glory glory glory!!!!

CHAPTER 17

  • 1 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and prayed: “Father, the hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may glorify you.
    • He looked up to heaven and prayed. Not bowing. Now we know that He warns about being an arrogant person while praying. But here He shows us that if the heart is right then we do not have to adhere to way of thinking every time. I believe sometimes we should pray looking up pleading, sometimes looking up rejoicing and dancing, sometimes bowed heads praying aloud, and sometimes silently, sometimes on bended knee and sometimes on our face in all humbleness, pray from the heart!
    • Schofield: Seven petitions: 
      • (1) That Jesus may be glorified as the Son who has glorified the Father (Joh_17:1),                                        (Phi_2:9-11).
      • (2) for restoration to the eternal glory (Joh_17:5);
      • (3) for the safety of believers from
      • (a) the world (Joh_17:11)
      • (b) the evil one (Joh_17:15);
      • (4) for the sanctification of believers (Joh_17:17);
      • 5) for the spiritual unity of believers (Joh_17:21);
      • (6) that the world may believe (Joh_17:21);
      • (7) that believers may be with Him in heaven to behold and share His glory  (Joh_17:24). First He prayed for Himself and to glorify God.  Do we pray for ourselves in the context of glorifying God?
  •         Jesus Christ, God Himself, while on earth was all about glorifying God the Father.
  • And the glory He asked for was for the purpose of glorifying God.
    • I would like to be able to ask that. But I am timid about asking it because I wonder if in me is just not the desire to be glorified. But I think if you can ask it with a pure heart than you would be doing good.
    • I at this point just pray that all I do glorify God!
  • But Jesus would not fall into the sin of pride. Therefore He could ask this boldly.
  • 2 For you granted him authority over all people that he might give eternal life to all those you have given him. 3  Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent. 4  I have brought you glory on earth by finishing the work you gave me to do. 5  And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began. 6  “I have revealed you to those whom you gave me out of the world. They were yours; you gave them to me and they have obeyed your word. 7  Now they know that everything you have given me comes from you.  8  For I gave them the words you gave me and they accepted them. They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me.
    • God gave Jesus authority over all people!!
      • Why? So that we might be given eternal life. That we might be able to spend eternity with Him!  Is that just not the most awesome thing that God Almighty WANTS to spend eternity with me and you!!!!??
      • And He spells out the way. Internal life is that we know God and Jesus Christ. Not just one of them.
    • Jesus knew real glory before He came to earth. And He is asking for it.
    • Jesus was all about revealing God. We are told that Jesus is the true representation of God.
    • All people now belong to Jesus who obey the God’s word!
    • Jesus taught us that everything comes from God! Everything!
    • God gave Jesus the words and we either accept them or not. Either we believe in who Jesus is or we do not. That is the line drawn in the sand that all people must face and decide on which side they stand.
    • Note that Jesus prayed for himself first:
      • I don’t believe anything Jesus did was just a thing. I believe He was always showing us the way we should strive to be. So prayer, Pray for yourself. But keep in mind, if we are imitating Christ we will pray we glorify God and get about the business of doing His kingdom work.
    • Have you ever considered that He prayed as an example for us. He prayed as a human. He prayed in human ways. Not as God. But as one who needs God in every way to help Him accomplish anything.
      • Heb 5:7 During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission.
    • Then Jesus went on to pray for his disciples. We must love others as ourselves. It is the command of Jesus. And in this prayer He is showing that. Prayer cannot be just about us. His prayer for others was much longer than His prayer for himself.
      • This makes me recognize that I am really quite selfish sometimes in my prayers.
  • 9 I pray for them. I am not praying for the world, but for those you have given me, for they are yours.
    • Even though God gave them to Jesus, they still belong to God. And even though God gives us people, things, life, breath, abilities and talents, they still belong to God!
    • He says He is not praying for the world…. Jesus has a particular soft spot for the ones given to Him. That is you and me! He has a soft spot for those who believe in Him. I believe He wants all to believe in Him, but when we do, we become a soft spot in His heart.
  • 10 All I have is yours, and all you have is mine. And glory has come to me through them.
    • Glory came to Jesus through His disciples. I so want to one of those He can tell God about!
  • 11 I will remain in the world no longer, but they are still in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by the power of your name, the name you gave me, so that they may be one as we are one.
    • He prayed for their protection. He was leaving them.
    • And He ask they be protected by the name of God, which is Jesus.
      • There is power in the name of Jesus. We do not grasp that as we should. Jesus Himself is asking that their protection comes from the power of His name! Jesus knew the power!  We should learn it!  Practice it! Believe it!
  • 12 While I was with them, I protected them and kept them safe by that name you gave me. None has been lost except the one doomed to destruction so that Scripture would be fulfilled.
    • He had all power while on earth too!
  • 13 “I am coming to you now, but I say these things while I am still in the world, so that they may have the full measure of my joy within them.
    • Many of Christ’s prayers were for our benefit.
    • He always is wanting joy for us. Because He loves us. Never let anyone convince you that Jesus just wanted us to suffer through life, working, and toiling with no joy!
  • 14 I have given them your word and the world has hated them, for they are not of the world any more than I am of the world.
    • They like us have become children of God! We do not belong to this world anymore! We are different. Ask yourself if the world can tell you are not of them.
  • 15 My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one. 16  They are not of the world, even as I am not of it. 17  Sanctify them by the truth; your word is truth. 18  As you sent me into the world, I have sent them into the world. 19  For them I sanctify myself, that they too may be truly sanctified.
    • Satan is real. And we need protection from him. Sure we are warriors, but we need the protection of All Mighty God!
    • We know they all died violently except for John. So you may wonder what that means in lieu of this prayer.  For me it shows we are not better than Christ. We all will die unless the Lord comes back before that. We all will have hard times.
    • But we can grow in sanctification. In our closeness to Him, in our joy. This life is but a moment. But it is a part of the big picture. The big plan. He prays that they and we grow in the process.
    • Jesus wants us sanctified. How by the truth. What is the truth? Jesus said He was. He also said He is the Word. So getting into Jesus, getting into the Word is how we are sanctified. But not just reading it. Applying it!  Applying Jesus to your life in greater and greater quantities and qualities is what will make you grow in your sanctification process.
  • 20 “My prayer is not for them alone. I pray also for those who will believe in me through their message,
    • That is us!! Jesus prayed for you and me!
  • 21 that all of them may be one, Father, just as you are in me and I am in you. May they also be in us so that the world may believe that you have sent me. 22 I have given them the glory that you gave me, that they may be one as we are one–
    • If you want to be what Jesus wants you to be, be one with the other parts of the body of Christ. Be the church! One family! Love the people of the church as if they are you!
    • This for me is one of the biggest ways I know we are intended to gather as a church. Many people use Hebrews 10:25 as the way to prove we are to assemble. But I believe this one and many more prove it To show a few… 18:20, Rom. 12:5, Acts 20:7, Matt. 16:18, Proverbs 27:17, Hebrews 10:24,  Psalms 84:10, 2 Tim. 3:16, Psalm 27:4 And it is what Jesus did!
    • We have glory! He gave it to us! Glory!! His glory!  Why?? So we may be one!  One united faith!  One united family!  One united body!  All glorifying the Father!
  • 23 I in them and you in me–so that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you have loved me.
    • His plan is that we all be in unity. Us in Him, Him in us, us in each other.
    • The purpose we are here, is to be alight for the world. To light up the love of God through Jesus Christ!
  • 24 “Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.
    • He wants us with Him. And when we get to heaven, or when He returns, we will see His glory! He will not come back  a humble human!  But the glory of God!  The glory that has been around  before the world was created
  • 25 “Righteous Father, though the world does not know you, I know you, and they know that you have sent me. 26 I have made you known to them, and will continue to make you known in order that the love you have for me may be in them and that I myself may be in them.”
    • One love in all of us. The real love. God is love! Him in us!  Whew!

 CHAPTER 18

Now we get to the emotionally hard part.

  • 1 When he had finished praying, Jesus left with his disciples and crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was a garden, and he and his disciples went into it.
    • He taught, He prayed and then He got back to doing the rest of what He was called to do. To sacrifice. That is what priest did.
    • Jesus had put on His armor for the battle by getting prayed up. He had prepared His army by teaching and praying for them. He had said all He was going to say to them in way of teaching. Oh how this makes me want to go back and read it again and again!
    • Now He is headed out to fight the battle. Do we ever think that when we go through stuff that Jesus went through stuff first? He does not call us to go fight or suffer while He avoided pain and suffering!
    • Jesus went to the garden. The place the course began just like the Garden of Eden
      • Eden was where the fall began, this garden is where salvation begins.
      • In the garden of Eden sin that changed the course of things. In this garden perfect obedience that changed everything!
  • 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, knew the place, because Jesus had often met there with his disciples.
    • This makes me wonder if Him and His disciples came here to pray before.
  • 3 So Judas came to the garden, guiding a detachment of soldiers and some officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.
    • In King James it says a band of men. Some believe that would be 500 men, besides the chief priest, the Pharisees and the other officials.   I thought to myself this was a bit crazy to think that many for one man. But remember Jesus had walked through there midst before!
    • Not this was not a mob of the people it was hired guns! Getting their orders from the rulers. The men of God. The ones in control.
    • And note they were coming at night. Because they feared the people!
    • And they were prepared for a battle even though there had never been any indication that Jesus would fight.
  • 4 Jesus, knowing all that was going to happen to him, went out and asked them, “Who is it you want?”     
    • Jesus ever the Savior came up to meet the soldiers. He did not send a disciple, He came to the front line and faced the enemy. He was bringing His disciples to glory not sending them to the slaughter.
  • 5 “Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied. “I am he,” Jesus said. (And Judas the traitor was standing there with them.)
    • Another I AM.
    • He could have said I am not He because I am from Bethlehem. There is a time not to argue or make sure you are known exactly how you want to be known. There is a time to just do what needs done without lots of “what about me”.
  • 6 When Jesus said, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
    • His words produced this reaction! He breath brought men to their knees!
    • In His followers these words produce comfort. 14:27
    • But to His enemies these words command honor!
    • Can you imagine? I would have run.
    • Why did this happen? By His Will, but what purpose?
      • To show them once more who He is and give them a chance to repent?
      • To show He is giving His life and no man takes it?
      • When He said the I am the glory of Who He Is was released?
  • 7 Again he asked them, “Who is it you want?” “Jesus of Nazareth,” they said. 8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. If you are looking for me, then let these men go.” 9 This happened so that the words he had spoken would be fulfilled: “I have not lost one of those you gave me.”
    • He protects His people. He loves His people. He gives Himself for His people!
    • 1 John 3:16 Have you ever noticed the similarities between this verse and John 3:16?
    • So even after they were blown down just by His speaking, they were not swayed. Of course most of these were soldiers and would have that mentality of peer pressure. If they don’t back down I’m not. We are tough, we can handle this. I am not going to run with them watching! I won’t repent with them watching!
    • And then those others not soldiers, were just wicked. And bent on being wicked, full of pride. Pride pride pride. It is a killer!
  • 10 Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) 11 Jesus commanded Peter, “Put your sword away! Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?”
      • Ever the one to jump to action we should look at Peter and learn from him.
        • Peter was enthusiastic, strong-willed, impulsive, and, at times, brash. But Jesus continued to mold him into exactly who He intended Peter to be. He chose Peter knowing his personality.
        • He was a worker before Christ called him and continued so. Fisher of men. He went and got his brother the minute he knew who Christ was.
        • He was part of the inner circle. The closest to Christ.
        • Peter had great ideas… so he thought. Some were and some weren’t.
          • Walk on water…. but then distracted by the world around him.
          • Build a temple for Jesus, Moses and Elijah. 17
          • Humbleness before God. He fell to his face at God’s glory!
          • Drew his sword and was told to put it up.
          • Swore he would never deny Christ but did 3 times.
          • He was prejudice against non-Jews. (But he had to get over that!)  Gal 2:11-14
          • Ended up being the great leader and mighty warrior Jesus knew he would be.
          • So what can we learn from this?
            • Wait on God to tell you what to do. It will work out much better. Even if it seems good and right, it needs to be God’s idea, not mine!
            • Zeal is good, but needs to be led not jumpy.
            • Don’t let emotions rule. Let Jesus rule!
          • Peter had excuses for he did, but he was not justified. There is a big difference in excuses and justification!
          • What can we learn about Jesus through Peter?
            • Jesus is patient
            • Jesus overcomes fear. (walking on water)
            • Jesus forgives unfaithfulness
            • Jesus is a patient teacher
            • Jesus sees us as He intends us to be!
            • Jesus uses unlikely heroes. You and I are just as unknown and unworthy as Peter was!
              • Resource: http://www.gotquestions.org/life-Peter.html
  • 12 Then the detachment of soldiers with its commander and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They bound him 13 and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year. 14 Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jewish leaders that it would be good if one man died for the people.
    • Per Wikipedia: Annas officially served as High Priest for ten years (6–15 AD), when at the age of 36 he was deposed by the procurator Gratus. Yet while having been officially removed from office, he remained as one of the nation’s most influential political and social individuals, aided greatly by the use of his five sons and his son-in-law as puppet High Priests.[3] His death is unrecorded, but his son Annas the Younger, also known as Ananus ben Ananus was assassinated in 66 AD for advocating peace with Rome.[2]
  • 15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, 16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
    • So though we know Peter messes up, lets look at the fact that he followed Jesus. He had ran like everyone else, but then he thought better of it and followed.   And then when he could not get in, he waited as close to Jesus as he could.
  • 17 “You aren’t one of this man’s disciples too, are you?” she asked Peter. He replied, “I am not.”
    • So here comes the first attack/temptation. It comes from a servant and it comes most casually it seems.
      • Our temptations come this way sometimes to. They are sneaky! They are quick and they do not always come from the way we think we have prepared for.
      • His response was fast and easy. Unfortunately we fall that fast too!
  • 18 It was cold, and the servants and officials stood around a fire they had made to keep warm. Peter also was standing with them, warming himself.
    • If you look at the building type Jesus was taken to, where Jesus was was down the hall from where the people would standing. But even if not down the hall, Peter was mixing himself among the people who were there.  He was not standing listening for his Master’s call.   Nor praying. He was trying to hide himself amongst the people.   Or he was just freezing!
  • 19 Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I said nothing in secret. 21 Why question me? Ask those who heard me. Surely they know what I said.”
    • Why ask me now that you have already condemned it? He preached in the open. And even what He said in private was written down for the world…. and 10:27
    • And why ask me? Why are you not asking the people who heard it? Are you asking me to condemn myself when you have no witnesses?
  • 22 When Jesus said this, one of the officials nearby slapped him in the face. “Is this the way you answer the high priest?” he demanded. 23 “If I said something wrong,” Jesus replied, “testify as to what is wrong. But if I spoke the truth, why did you strike me?”
    • Jesus is ever teaching … even this man. The one who struck Him.
    • 5:39 turn the other cheek!  Jesus is practicing what He told us to do.
    • To be Christ like, we are allowed to defend ourselves, but not to avenge ourselves:
  • 24 Then Annas sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest. 25 Meanwhile, Simon Peter was still standing there warming himself. So they asked him, “You aren’t one of his disciples too, are you?” He denied it, saying, “I am not.”
    • … while Jesus was being slapped and sent away, Peter was in the midst of his denial.
    • He would rather stay there and keep warm than get away from the temptation.
  • 26 One of the high priest’s servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, challenged him, “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?” 27 Again Peter denied it, and at that moment a rooster began to crow.
    • Fear of man is a very quick road to sin. He feared they would take him too. But we sin just because we fear what someone will think about us!
    • Baseball may put you out after three strikes, but not Jesus.
  • 28 Then the Jewish leaders took Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning, and to avoid ceremonial uncleanness they did not enter the palace, because they wanted to be able to eat the Passover. 29 So Pilate came out to them and asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?” 30 “If he were not a criminal,” they replied, “we would not have handed him over to you.” 31 Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we have no right to execute anyone,” they objected. 32 This took place to fulfill what Jesus had said about the kind of death he was going to die.
    • Jews under the rule of the Romans were not allowed to kill. They had every intent for Jesus to die.
    • They wanted the Roman government to take care of Him so they could avoid a scandal and the wrath of the people.
    • He was changing things and they wanted it stopped. Permanently. Funny thing, the world changed after His death!
    • He went to court and became sin for us. He is called a criminal
  • 33 Pilate then went back inside the palace, summoned Jesus and asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” 34 “Is that your own idea,” Jesus asked, “or did others talk to you about me?”
    • Christ again is always teaching, making us think of what we do and why.
    • I think He is basically saying, that Pilate is being led by the nose by the Jews.
  • 35 “Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “Your own people and chief priests handed you over to me. What is it you have done?” 36 Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jewish leaders. But now my kingdom is from another place.”
    • Jesus is King of the Kingdom of God. His servants are heavenly. The world, while he created it and loves us, and saves us, is not His kingdom.  We are His subjects but we clearly have been called out of this world!  Plus He told his earthly subjects not to fight!
    • It is full of wretchedness!
    • Out of this world arise earthly kings and Dan_7:3; Rev_13:1, Rev_13:11)
    • Romans 14:17
    • Matthew Henry said “Its guards and supports are not worldly; its weapons are spiritual. It neither needed nor used secular force to maintain and advance it, nor was it carried on in a way hurtful to kings or provinces; it did not in the least interfere with the prerogatives of princes nor the property of their subjects; it tended not to alter any national establishment in secular things, nor opposed any kingdom but that of sin and Satan. “
    • His Kingdom is purely spiritual and divine!
  • 37 “You are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. In fact, the reason I was born and came into the world is to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.”
    • Thank you Jesus that I heard the truth
  • 38 “What is truth?” retorted Pilate. With this he went out again to the Jews gathered there and said, “I find no basis for a charge against him. 39 But it is your custom for me to release to you one prisoner at the time of the Passover. Do you want me to release ‘the king of the Jews’?” 40 They shouted back, “No, not him! Give us Barabbas!” Now Barabbas had taken part in an uprising.
      • Pilate did not understand the truth, but he did not see evil either.
      • Pilate did not care about the truth or he would not have offered and alternative to letting a man he saw no quilt in go. Evil comes in all forms. Just not caring is one of them.  A fair judge would not put and innocent man next to a guilty and proclaim them to have equal judgment.
      • The enemies of Christ have always made loud outcries against Him. They are not afraid to tell the world how they feel about Him. They still do today. We lost prayer in school because they were willing to yell out and we were not. Christ haters are fierce and determined! But guess what!  No matter how it looks, the gates of hell shall not prevail against the church.  That’s us!

 CHAPTER 19

  • 1 Then Pilate took Jesus and had him flogged.
    • Isaiah 53:5-6, Psalms 129:4, Matthew 2o:19
    • So for a minute we thought Pilate was just stuck in a hard place and did the best he could. Nope, he had Him beat after saying he could not find any law broken!
  • 2 The soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head. They clothed him in a purple robe 3 and went up to him again and again, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews!” And they slapped him in the face.
    • Pilate turned him over to the cruel men. Why?  To make his men happy?  To make the Jews happy?  Not because he thought he was guilty  Just cruel behavior!
    • If we want an invisible super hero,here He is. He had love that would not stop or give up !
  • 4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews gathered there, “Look, I am bringing him out to you to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.” 5 When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, “Here is the man!” 6 As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!” But Pilate answered, “You take him and crucify him. As for me, I find no basis for a charge against him.”
    • This is a mob and a mob mentality. It has been shown over and over that if one can get a group together and get a few on your side who are boisterous and insistent on doing something, that the crowd will get riled up and follow. Many of the crowd never know the true reason for the mob or the anger, they just join in.
  • 7 The Jewish leaders insisted, “We have a law, and according to that law he must die, because he claimed to be the Son of God.” 8 When Pilate heard this, he was even more afraid,
    • Pilate now thinks for a moment anyway, that maybe he ought not to mess with God. Or he probably thought a god.
  • 9 and he went back inside the palace. “Where do you come from?” he asked Jesus, but Jesus gave him no answer.
    • Heaven or earth?
  • 10 “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said. “Don’t you realize I have power either to free you or to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered, “You would have no power over me if it were not given to you from above. Therefore the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.”
    • We teach no sin is greater than another. But I guess in truth some are. The knowledge of doing wrong is worse than the ignorance of the reality of the situation. The Jews had the knowledge, 1, that the savior was coming, and 2 that this man was not guilty of death. So their sin was greater than Pilate who is really just being a puppet.  But he was still sinning!
    • The one who delivered Him? Judas?  Ciaphas?   Ciaphas said let one die to save more. Judas knew the good in Jesus and yet still did what he did.
  • 12 From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jewish leaders kept shouting, “If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”
    • Pilate tried. Why?  It was something Jesus said that got to him.
  • 13 When Pilate heard this, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judge’s seat at a place known as the Stone Pavement (which in Aramaic is Gabbatha). 14 It was the day of Preparation of the Passover; it was about noon. “Here is your king,” Pilate said to the Jews.
    • Was he trying to show them that this poor beat up man could not be their king?
    • Was he mocking them? I think mocking them.
  • 15 But they shouted, “Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate asked. “We have no king but Caesar,” the chief priests answered. 16 Finally Pilate handed him over to them to be crucified. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.
    • I sometimes wonder at the whole of it. What kind of attitude was Pilate talking to them with? What were these people thinking? Was it the people?  Was it hired hands like the ones who went to get Jesus at the garden, was it just mob mentality?  But God does not tell us these things. The fact is it had been planned from before the beginning of time  and it was going to happen. Those people thought they made the decision. But it was God’s plan all along.
    • And I imagine Pilate justified himself by saying he did not kill Jesus. He surely blamed the Jews to try to free himself of either guilt or fear because of what his wife said.
  • 17 Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha).
    • He bore the cross. He had to carry it. We have to carry ours. Be thankful it is not this kind of cross!  One that you would hang on to die!
  • 18 There they crucified him, and with him two others–one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
    • John does not go into as much detail about Jesus’ crucifixion as some of the other gospels. And in truth I am glad. It is very very hard to take. I wonder if that is why he did not go into it. Too hard on him to do it.
  • 19 Pilate had a notice prepared and fastened to the cross. It read: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Many of the Jews read this sign, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the sign was written in Aramaic, Latin and Greek. 21 The chief priests of the Jews protested to Pilate, “Do not write ‘The King of the Jews,’ but that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.” 22 Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
    • Pilate was probably just irritated at the Jews for forcing him (in his mind) to do something he did not want to do. But God used it to tell the truth.
  • 23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. 24 “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” So this is what the soldiers did. 25 Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son,” 27 and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
    • Even very near death Jesus is still helping people. He is making sure his mother is taken care of. In that day a woman alone was in a lot of trouble. Hard to get food or anything.
    • She had more children after Jesus so I wonder where they were? And why would they not be the ones to take care of her?  I think Jesus wanted her with a disciple. One accord in their beliefs.
    • Nicephoras’s Eccl. Hist. lib. 2 cap. 3, saith that the virgin Mary lived with John at Jerusalem eleven years, and then died.
  • 28 Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.”
    • Psm 22:15
    • It is not recorded that Jesus complained in any way except may this. But many believe he said this so that they and we could see prophecy
    • Psm 69:21
  • 29 A jar of wine vinegar was there, so they soaked a sponge in it, put the sponge on a stalk of the hyssop plant, and lifted it to Jesus’ lips.
    • Nothing but more abuse!
  • 30 When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.
    • sold for thirty pieces of silver, his hands and feet being pierced, his garments divided, etc.; and now that this is done. It is finished.   All the prophecies fulfilled.
  • 31 Now it was the day of Preparation, and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.        
    • These high and might religious men who where so concerned with keeping the law, asked if they could have the legs broken of the ones on the cross. Then taken down and removed so the ugliness of it would not touch their holy day.
    • So much wrong with this! First to break their legs would not necessarily kill them, it would just make them unable to get away and inflict more pain as they are carried away to be thrown away like trash.  They could have said something like strangling or beheading which they did, and was a sure way of death.
    • Nero had said at some time the people who are put to death need to feel themselves die. In agony.
    • And then on top of that the irony that they were so concerned with “being good for God” when they were bringing an innocent man to the cross and killing Him!  And that they were killing God himself.
  • 32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.
    • One of these was on his way to heaven, but did not get to escape the pain! We don’t always get to escape pain and misery. But we know a time is coming when we will be done with all that!
  • 33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
    • Jesus was already dead before the others. He died sooner why? Because he was beat more?  Or because He gave up his life, it was not taken from Him!  Glory!!!
  • 34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.
    • Blood and Water = remission of sins and purification.
    • Significance of two ordinances of the church. Baptism and The Lord’s Supper.
    • 13:1, Isa 12:3
  • 35 The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
    • Believe that Jesus was truly dead.
  • 36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”
    • 34:20, Ex. 12:46, Num. 9:12
  • 37 and, as another scripture says, “They will look on the one they have pierced.”
    • Zec 12:10
  • 38 Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jewish leaders. With Pilate’s permission, he came and took the body away.
    • I guess the disciples were gone? Or too torn up to do it? Or no means to do it. If Joseph had not intervened the soldiers would have taken Him down and thrown Him in the same grave as the thieves. This could not happen because God had a plan!  God is always at work for Hi plan to succeed.
  • 39 He was accompanied by Nicodemus, the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
    • Nicodemus was man of some influence too. I wonder where he and Joseph were when Jesus was being sentenced? Were they trying then to stop it?
  • 40 Taking Jesus’ body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen. This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs. 41 At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid.
    • He was buried in a garden. In a new tomb. He deserved a new tomb and after he had risen no one could say it was the other person.
  • 42 Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there.
    • They laid Him there to go worship on the Sabbath.

 

CHAPTER 20

  • 1 Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.
    • Marys of the Bible
      • Miriam, or Myriam, the sister of Moses, known for the song of liberation after the crossing of the Red Sea (Ex 15, 20-21). She was later punished for opposing Moses (Nm 12).
        • A descendant of Judah (1 Chr 4:17), although not absolutely sure whether this was a female or male descendant.
        • Mary Magdalene, the woman from who seven devils were expelled (Lk 8:2).
        • Mary, sister of Martha and Lazarus, sitting at Jesus’ feet and listening to his teachings (Lk 10: 38-42).
        • Mary, mother of James and John, and witness of the crucifixion and the empty tomb (Mk 15: 40-47).
        • Mary, the wife of Clopas, whom some identify with Mary, the mother of James and John (Jn 19:25).
        • Mary, mother of John Mark, giving refuge to Peter after his escape from prison in Jerusalem (Acts 12: 12).
        • Mary, a Christian of Rome, who is greeted and praised by the apostle Paul (Rm 16:6).

http://campus.udayton.edu/mary/questions/yq2/yq297.html

  •                This Mary loved Jesus, because she was “the one to whom much was forgiven”!She came as early as she could without breaking the Sabbath. She was with Him at the cross at His death and she is still trying to be with Him.
  • 2 So she came running to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we don’t know where they have put him!”
    • I imagine she heard Jesus talk of this resurrection, but it seems this thought does not enter her mind. She is stressed and looking at things in the physical rather than the spiritual.
    • She jumps to a conclusion. A wrong one. And she goes and tells her conclusion to others.
    • What if she had forced herself to stop for a moment and think about other possibilities than the first that came to her mind! If she could/would have she might had fell on the ground then praising God for the resurrection of His Son!
    • Note, also, that Peter is with the other disciples. This notes repentance on Peter’s part, forgiveness on the disciples parts.
  • 3 So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. 4 Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first.
    • I don’t believe any useless information is in the Bible. So let’s consider the running and who reached the tomb first.
      • We need to run, work, hustle, to find the truth of Jesus. All truths of Jesus.
        • They could have just believed what Mary said and not looked for themselves. But they did not. They looked, they examined, they came to their own conclusion. And they ran to do it. Oh how I wish I were more like this.
      • John outran Peter and got the the tomb first.
        • One reason to mention this would be that it is believed that Peter was older and therefore on a normal occasion John should not get a head of Peter. If this is the case, we learn that love of Christ is more important that traditions.
        • Another may be that the one whom Christ loved and who loved Him back and who did not have guilt of denying Christ may have been freer to run without hesitation.
        • 1 Cor. 9:24
  • 5 He bent over and looked in at the strips of linen lying there but did not go in.
    • He did not enter. He may have got there first but he hesitated to enter. Maybe just to wait on Peter or maybe out of fear?
  • 6 Then Simon Peter came along behind him and went straight into the tomb. He saw the strips of linen lying there,
    • Ever the bold one, Peter went right in. No hesitation.
    • Some are quicker and some are braver. Talents are different in all of us.
  • 7 as well as the cloth that had been wrapped around Jesus’ head. The cloth was still lying in its place, separate from the linen.
    • Lazarus came out in his grave clothes. But not Jesus. He left that behind. It had no hold over Him. It had no connection with Him. Romans 6:9.
    • He lays aside the rags of this world.
    • The leaving of the clothes indicated that the body was not stolen. Clothes at time were very precious. Plus the fact that thew were folded and neat did not lend to the idea of thieves who would just want to get out of there fast.
  • 8 Finally the other disciple, who had reached the tomb first, also went inside. He saw and believed.
    • Even though John got there first, he did not believe first. Everyone moves a different pace, and at different speeds themselves according to what it is that is in front of them. Some people are told about Christ all their lives but they believe when they are old. Some hear as a child and believe it immediately!
    • You may think this means John believed after Peter, but not true. Luke 24:12 said Peter was still trying to figure it out.
    • John recorded that he believed. Believed what?  That Jesus was gone?  We see in the next verse that they did not believe in the resurrection yet.
  • 9 (They still did not understand from Scripture that Jesus had to rise from the dead.) 10 Then the disciples went back to where they were staying. 11 Now Mary stood outside the tomb crying. As she wept, she bent over to look into the tomb
    • Mary did not leave. She was too distraught!
  • 12 and saw two angels in white, seated where Jesus’ body had been, one at the head and the other at the foot. 13 They asked her, “Woman, why are you crying?” “They have taken my Lord away,” she said, “and I don’t know where they have put him.” 14 At this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, but she did not realize that it was Jesus. 15 He asked her, “Woman, why are you crying? Who is it you are looking for?” Thinking he was the gardener, she said, “Sir, if you have carried him away, tell me where you have put him, and I will get him.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, “Rabboni!” (which means “Teacher”). 17 Jesus said, “Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.'” 18 Mary Magdalene went to the disciples with the news: “I have seen the Lord!” And she told them that he had said these things to her.
    • The angels and Jesus did not appear to the men, but to the distraught woman who was just hanging in the last spot Jesus was. The woman who was obsessed with Jesus and loved Him greatly. The one who seemed too weak at the time, the one everyone, including herself, probably thought was the least of the ones who had been at the tomb. That is who Jesus appeared to.  Proverbs 8;17
      • Do not give up. Hang near Jesus. And never think you are not good enough.  That basically is the point with God. None of us are good enough, but HE is!
    • She looked in the tomb again. Now they had all looked in right? But she looked again. Why?
      • Maybe she wanted to see the last place Jesus was again.
      • Maybe the Spirit prompted her.
      • Maybe she still clung to some hope they were wrong.
    • But for whatever reason she looked again. And revelation happened. I believe we can look at this and learn some things.
      • 1 Don’t walk away from Jesus even when it looks bad.
      • Go ahead and cry if you need to, but keep seeking.
      • Don’t give up, look again and again and again. Wait for Him to reveal the truth to you.
      • What they saw the first time was not the reality.
      • You may be all alone, sad, distraught and confused, but HE is not. Keep loving Him, keep near the place you believe He is, keep looking and waiting!
      • You do not have to be the big shot for Jesus to talk to you, and use you!
    • So the angels ask her why is she crying. Now she is seeing angels!  But that does not, for her take away from the reason she is there. The one she loves is gone.
    • She says they have taken away His body. Her faith is very limited. She does not get the truth yet. But apparently she had the faith of a mustard seed or her love for Jesus granted her to be in the right place at the right time. Granted her a visit, a very special visit, from angels and from the risen Savior! The very first to see Him!
    • Now Mary was not put off all she wanted was to see Christ. The body of Christ.
      • Those who seek Christ and will not be put off, will see Him.
      • And when Christ shows up, He always shows up with much more than we hoped for.
        • She just wanted to know where His body was so it would be taken care of with respect and love. But what did she get?
          • A risen Savior! A Savior who was showing Himself to her!  And speaking to her !  The first to be spoken to!
        • Psalms 34:18
    • Now she turns for whatever reason. She heard something, she felt something or maybe the angels pointed, and there is a man. She does not recognize him.
      • She did not know it was Him. Sometimes we are that way. So caught up in our own sorrows and fears that we don’t see Him for who He is right there with us.
        • She sees Him as someone who could be the enemy? The opposite of what she is looking for.
          • Many times we don’t see Jesus as the answer to our needs even when He is right in front of us. We get our preconceived ideas, like she just assumed he was a gardener.
          • She is still looking at things her way, and not yet seeing the truth before her.
    • And then Jesus reveals Himself to her.
      • How, by speaking her name! How precious that Jesus calls us by name!
      • One word, the word of His choice, was to use her name. To make Himself known to her very personally for her!
      • She cried out to Him. Teacher. But the word meant so much more what we might thing. It was the word for great teacher. It was a very high word of the time! It meant master/teacher.
      • Don’t Touch Me yet ….. She thought he was like Lazarus. Who was raised and ready to live out the rest of his human life as a human. But when Jesus was raised, things changed!
        • 2Co 5:16 So from now on we regard no one from a worldly point of view. Though we once regarded Christ in this way, we do so no longer.
        • 2Co 5:17 Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the new creation has come: The old has gone, the new is here!
  • Who is Jesus talking to? Who is He using to tell the Good News?  Jesus is alive and not only that He is going back to His glory in heaven!
    • Mary,
      • the one who had seven devils.  The one who those who knew her were surely inclined to believe no good would ever come of her!
      • A woman! The first missionary called by Jesus was a woman!
      • The one who hung at the last place Jesus was.
      • The one desperately loving Him
  • Who did He send her to?
    • Go tell my brothers. Hebrews 2:11 
      • His father is our father! That makes us brothers and sisters!
      • No Jesus is fully God and yet they are His brothers.
      • The same ones who deserted Him, He calls brothers.
        • When you mess up, Jesus still loves you!
        • We should learn from this….who are we to ever look down on anyone? Jesus did not!
  • What He said
    • Touch me not, do not hold on to me.
      • Shoot, she was probably about to grab hold and not let go for some time! Jesus is saying I am not going yet and there are things to do. Don’t cling to me know, but lets get busy spreading the Good News!
    • Lots of discussion about why He told her not to touch Him. But more discussion should be about what He said after!
      • We are His family!
      • His Father is our Father
      • His God is our God!
      • He has now by His death and being raised from that death brought us into one family! His glorious, heavenly, pure and holy family!
  • Then Mary does what she is told.
    • Straight away she goes! Do we go quickly and tell people about the risen Savior?
    • She tells what she has seen! Do we tell the amazing things we have seen?  Do we tell people we have seen Jesus?  We have seen Him move in us and other and see lives changed?  Do we tell them we have seen His love for us, that He lives in us!  That He is alive!  That He is in heaven and that they can be called family?
  • She tells what He has said. We have a big, large book full of what He has said. Are we telling people what He said?  We have been commanded to.
    • Mat 28:18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19  Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20  and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.”
  • 19 On the evening of that first day of the week, when the disciples were together, with the doors locked for fear of the Jewish leaders, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!”
    • On a Sunday. The same day He rose, He got busy. On a Sunday the Good News began to be preached!
    • He is still in the miracle business!
    • Peace, calmness… don’t be afraid!
  • 20 After he said this, he showed them his hands and side. The disciples were overjoyed when they saw the Lord. 21 Again Jesus said, “Peace be with you! As the Father has sent me, I am sending you.” 22 And with that he breathed on them and said, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
    • Peace! Jesus wants us to have peace!
    • One of the first things He said is He is sending them. Get up, get to work.  He did not say He had done all the work therefore they could just hang around and worship. He is sending them out, just like He was sent from God to save the world, they are being sent from Jesus to tell the world!
      • If you, and you must, believe that what God means for one He means for all, then we must get busy going out as we have been sent. Tell people about Jesus!
      • How is He sending them? As the Father sent Him. How was He sent?  In humbleness, yet great power!
    • They did not have the Holy Spirit before then.
      • John 7:39
      • The Holy Spirit enters upon belief. Belief in a risen Savior. He had to be raised first before they could be saved!
      • Isaiah 52:7
      • This shows us that the Holy Spirit comes directly from Christ. It is a part of Him. The breath of Him!
      • It also shows us it is a gift from Him. We do not receive it on our own. It is given.
      • I believe here, Jesus gave them the Spirit of life, and in Acts 2 they received more of the Spirit where their power came from!
  • 23 If you forgive anyone’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven.”
    • Wow! Just wow!
    • John 12:48
    • 16:18-19
    • 18:18
    • Barnes says “It was not authority to forgive individuals, but to establish in all the churches the terms and conditions on which men might be pardoned, with a promise that God would confirm all that they taught; that all might have assurance of forgiveness who would comply with those terms; and that those who did not comply should not be forgiven, but that their sins should be retained. “
    • Basically we know that only God can forgive sin unto salvation. But what Jesus is setting up here with His disciples is the church. The doctrine. He has taught them all they need to know. They have seen it and now are responsible for telling the world. What comes out of their mouths in the future will be how the church is set up.
    • Never do you hear the disciples say they forgive your sins unto salvation. They understood what Jesus meant. They now have the power to tell the Good News….. how is one forgiven and how is one not forgiven!
    • In the Greek work here used, as forgiven, on definition in Greek is suffer. So I could be said that what we suffer … tolerate…. will be tolerated.
  • 24 Now Thomas (also known as Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not with the disciples when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe.” 26 A week later his disciples were in the house again, and Thomas was with them. Though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you!” 27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.” 28 Thomas said to him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Then Jesus told him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”
    • Thomas was not there and missed the first appearance of Christ to the disciples! We miss things my not showing up to the assembling of Christians!
    • When Thomas did not believe his fellow disciples, he was doubting them, he was not remembering that Jesus said He would rise again, or not getting it and he was saying I will only believe if I see it my way. Not any other way.  He had to be convinced his way or not at all.  He was like the Pharisees and others who tempted Christ by saying show us signs.
    • Jesus, apparently was not around for 7 days.
      • Why? Some possibilities.
        • He was busy doing other things? Or being in heaven, or being ministered to by angels?
        • He was weaning the disciples? Showing them things are not like before. You will have to be without my physical body with you.
        • He came back a week later which would be a Sunday. Was He making this day special? Showing us this is the day to be with the Lord? Set aside? Holy! That we should set aside this one day a week?
    • So then Jesus appears to them this time when Thomas is with them.
      • He did not appear to Thomas alone just to satisfy Thomas’ doubt.
      • He saw Thomas when Thomas was gathered with the brethren.
        • We are most likely to meet to Christ at Christian gatherings. Places where Christ is talked of, expected, known. We can, of course, meet Him other places, but I believe God loves the gathering of His people and that is where He does some of His most glorious works!
      • How precious Jesus lingers on earth and visits with His friends instead of heading straight to heaven?
    • Jesus again says Peace be to you. His peace!  He wants us to have it!
      • So, even though Thomas was weak in belief and doubted, Jesus still stood before him and helped him to believe.
    • He said do whatever it takes but stop doubting and believe!
      • Romans 15:1-2 Some take more effort. Jesus was willing to give that effort to Thomas.
      • Thomas did believe and became a believer!
      • But even though He was willing to suffer the lack of faith in Thomas and to end up calling him a believer, Jesus let him and us know, this is not the way it should be. It should be by faith alone. Not by sight.
        • Hebrews 11:11, 2 Corinthians 4:18, Matt. 16:17
    • When one believes by faith and not sight this follows how God wants us to believe in Him. Not because we HAVE to, or because He makes us. But by faith. He wants it and set it up that way.
      • When we believe by faith, Grace and God’s movement is evident. How else would we believe?  It is God moving in us!
      • When we believe by faith, then it is not that we proved anything, we did anything, it is all about the greatness and wonder of Jesus. And that is more than the need for proof!
  • 30 Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.
    • I believe this is a very important statement that John put in the Bible for us.
      • We were not told everything!
        • For example, this last meeting we just read with the disciples, it did not tell us about anything Jesus said to anyone but Peace be to you and talking to Thomas. But is it now fair to assume He spoke to the disciples? Either in love and fellowship or in teaching them more?  But we are not told this because we do not NEED it.
        • We have to have faith! If we are told every little thing and how it works and are shown it, where is faith?
        • We need to recognize we will not know everything, and that is okay, because that is God’s job!
  • 31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
    • We are told what we are told for the simple reason that we may believe that Jesus is the Messiah and the Son of God. We don’t need more. That is amazing enough!
    • The Gospels were not written as a biography of everything Jesus did. They wrote what was needed for salvation.

 CHAPTER 21  Per J. Vernon McGee this chapter is an epilogue,. It can be broke down into 3 parts.  All parts show Jesus as Lord of us in different ways.  The first is the fishing experience. This shows Jesus as Lord of our wills.   The next is the breakfast on the seashore. This shows Jesus as the Lord of our hearts and presents our love for Him as the motive of our service.  And the third is when Jesus announces the death of Peter. This shows Jesus as the Lord of our minds and teaches that a lack of knowledge or variation of circumstance is not excuse from service.  It all reveals that Jesus is still God!

  • 1 Afterward Jesus appeared again to his disciples, by the Sea of Galilee. It happened this way: 2 Simon Peter, Thomas (also known as Didymus), Nathanael from Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples were together. 3 “I’m going out to fish,” Simon Peter told them, and they said, “We’ll go with you.” So they went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing. 4 Early in the morning, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not realize that it was Jesus. 5 He called out to them, “Friends, haven’t you any fish?” “No,” they answered. 6 He said, “Throw your net on the right side of the boat and you will find some.” When they did, they were unable to haul the net in because of the large number of fish. 7 Then the disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the Lord!” As soon as Simon Peter heard him say, “It is the Lord,” he wrapped his outer garment around him (for he had taken it off) and jumped into the water. 8 The other disciples followed in the boat, towing the net full of fish, for they were not far from shore, about a hundred yards.
    • These guys fished for a living and knew what they were doing.
    • They had been waiting on Jesus and probably as we all are when waiting, we get antsy. And we know Peter has little patience in doing nothing.  So they went fishing because they were restless, they ended up being frustrated because they did not catch anything.
    • So Jesus comes along and things change.
      • Jesus directs the lives of his own. He is showing us in this incident that we can do what we want. We have the power and freedom to. But without His direction, it can be futile.
      • When He does direct us, and we obey, things change! Our lives change!  Great things happen!  The opposite happens from when we go out on our own.
      • When He directs us and we listen and obey, we gain much! The disciples when from nothing to more than they needed or expected!
      • Jesus cares enough to instruct us, when we care enough to obey, we are blessed!
    • Our service and our will need to be connected to His! That is when great things happen! Miracles!
    • Now Peter could not wait! He is always and forever wanting to be close to Jesus. And look how Jesus used him! Same as with Mary at the grave. She wanted to be near Jesus and He used her!
  • 9 When they landed, they saw a fire of burning coals there with fish on it, and some bread. 10 Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish you have just caught.” 11 So Simon Peter climbed back into the boat and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn.
    • This is the last recorded miracle of Jesus if you don’t count the ascension.
    • Have you ever noticed that what God does is more than we expect, is bountiful, is in abundance? The wine, the food He feed the thousands with until full, healing completely!
    • Note also here that there was fish on the fire. Jesus had fish. He could have made it enough fish for everyone. We know he could have! But He does not.  He asks them to bring Him some of their fish.
      • Jesus accepts and uses our service and obedience. He does not ignore it, waste it or think it is nothing. He accepts what we bring to Him. He loves us!
    • We need to see He wants to direct our paths, or lives, and if we obey, He will accept our efforts, bless them and use them!
  • 12 Jesus said to them, “Come and have breakfast.” None of the disciples dared ask him, “Who are you?” They knew it was the Lord. 13 Jesus came, took the bread and gave it to them, and did the same with the fish. 14 This was now the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead. 15 When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon son of John, do you love me more than these?” “Yes, Lord,” he said, “you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Feed my lambs.” 16 Again Jesus said, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” He answered, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Take care of my sheep.” 17 The third time he said to him, “Simon son of John, do you love me?” Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, “Do you love me?” He said, “Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.” Jesus said, “Feed my sheep.
    • Wow, just wow. Jesus cooked for them and then said come and eat with me! He wants to feed us!
    • Now he addresses Peter. This is one of my favorite set of verses!
      • First He talks to Peter. That is important. It is Peter who denied Him 3 times!  But it is also the Peter who God showed earlier who Jesus is. It is the same Peter that always and forever is trying to be as near to Jesus as He can. It is the same Peter who blunders and messes up.    Peter is the one who gets this important lesson! The ultimate lesson?  Love is a prerequisite for service!
        • Also, others were there watching this. Jesus talks to the one who denied Him. The one who may have seemed like did not love Jesus as much as the others. The one who was carrying around guilt and had messed up
      • The 1st time He ask Peter He called him Simon. His old name. Reminding him of the change he has had and will have.
        • The Greek language was much more versatile than English. We have the word love. Greek as multiple words that mean love in different ways. One  word “eros” meant a sensual time love.  Not used in the Bible. Another is phileo which is like friendship love. Human relationship.   Philadelphia come from this word, the city of love! And then there is the word agapao. This is the highest and noblest word for love, it means fully, with dignity, whole heartedly. This is the word Jesus used.
        • 1 Corinthians 13:13 Jesus could have said, to have faith in me? Is your hope in me?  But love is what endures forever!
        • So when Jesus ask Peter if he loves Him he uses the word agapao.
        • He also ask Peter if he loves Him more than the other disciples.
          • Luk 7:40 Jesus answered him, “Simon, I have something to tell you.” “Tell me, teacher,” he said. 41  “Two people owed money to a certain moneylender. One owed him five hundred denarii, and the other fifty. 42  Neither of them had the money to pay him back, so he forgave the debts of both. Now which of them will love him more?” 43  Simon replied, “I suppose the one who had the bigger debt forgiven.” “You have judged correctly,” Jesus said.
        • Peters answer is much more complicated than it seems at first.
          • First he used the word phileo. Which is like saying , Jesus you know I have a affection for you!  He did not use the same word as Jesus.
          • 2nd he did not say, he loved him more than the others. Why?  Peter most likely was thinking about how he had sworn he would never deny Christ. And yet he did. Peter was not going to answer Jesus rashly and full of pride any more. But now he answers him humbly.  He will not say he loves Jesus more than the others.
          • Never again do we hear Peter boast of himself and what he will do. He is humbled.  And this is who Jesus is talking to!  This is who Jesus will use!
          • He does not use the same big word for love because he is not going to boast big again.
        • And Jesus replies to him, feed my lambs. Not sheep, but baby lambs.  Young ones, tender ones, ones who need the most guidance and encouragement. Newbies.
          • What do you feed lambs? Start easy, they cannot handle grass yet.
        • Now for the second time He ask Peter.
          • Jesus still uses agapao. But Peter still answers in phileo. He is still not going to be proud!
          • Jesus says take care of my sheep. Be a shepherd to the grown ones. The grown ones still need taken care of, guided, led, saved from their stupidity, and more.
            • Peter learns and reteaches what he was taught. 1 Peter 5:2-3
        • The third time:
          • Jesus uses the word phileo. He came down to Peter’s level.
            • Peter was hurt. Why? Because he asked him a third time and used the word Peter had been using!
            • And Peter now shows his great faith. He says you know everything, knows his heart! It is like saying look inside of me Jesus, you will see, I love you the best I can!
            • Then Jesus says feed His sheep. Even full grown sheep still need fed! Now they need fed the harder stuff to digest. But they still need fed.  Everyone needs fed!
          • But in all of it, it is started with love for Christ. If there is not love for Christ, you cannot do the service needed!
  • 18 Very truly I tell you, when you were younger you dressed yourself and went where you wanted; but when you are old you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.” 19 Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him, “Follow me!”
    • Jesus is Lord of our minds! He knows what will happen and how we will feel about it.
    • So Jesus tells Peter of his death. Peter had said he would die for Jesus, and he will.
    • But Jesus is always on the move. No time to dally over the fact Peter will die. I cannot imagine what was going through Peter’s mind. Of course he may not have understood.
  • 20 Peter turned and saw that the disciple whom Jesus loved was following them. (This was the one who had leaned back against Jesus at the supper and had said, “Lord, who is going to betray you?”) 21 When Peter saw him, he asked, “Lord, what about him?” 22 Jesus answered, “If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you? You must follow me.”
    • So Peter is looking at John and maybe thinking that Jesus had told him what to do, feed His sheep. And how he would die.    And he looks at John and wonders what he will do.
    • Innocent enough, but Jesus puts it into perspective. It does not matter what anyone else is called to do or does. You do what you are led to do. Peter was called to feed the sheep and follow Jesus to his death.
    • Also, If John had not been given any jobs and lived until Jesus returned, then that still had nothing to do with Peter. Per Matthew Henry: The most credible of the ancient historians tell us that John was the only one of all the twelve that did not actually die a martyr. He was often in jeopardy, in bonds and banishments; but at length died in his bed in a good old age.
    • Some people do hard things, some don’t. All we can be concerned with is what we are led to do.   Romans 14:4
    • The bottom line is, there is no excuse for not serving. No matter what anyone else does, you do!
  • 23 Because of this, the rumor spread among the believers that this disciple would not die. But Jesus did not say that he would not die; he only said, “If I want him to remain alive until I return, what is that to you?”
    • Oh how easily wrong assumptions arise and then turn into rumors!
      • How did this happen?
        • Jealousy?
        • Hope?
        • Hearing half the story and jumping to conclusions?
        • Taking out the IF? We take out the Ifs a lot in the Bible!
      • Let’s make sure we know before spread!
  • 24 This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true. 25 Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.
    • You know when we read the stories of Jesus. It is obvious we did not get every little thing that happened. There are days missing many times. There is a never ending story of Jesus.  John could not tell it all!  We cannot tell it all!  But we should tell what we can!
    • John told us what we needed for salvation and for living for Jesus. Thank you John! Thank you Jesus!

 

I am humbled God allows me to lead a Ladies’ Bible Study Group!  I can’t save anyone!  I can’t teach anyone!  I can’t help anyone!  But Jesus can and He uses the least of us to get it done!  I have been blessed!

Mary Carter